In starship classification, a transport ship was a limited role starship, similar in function to a shuttle, but designed to carry people or supplies. The Federation differentiated transports into one of two categories: commercial and non-commercial. (TNG: Inheritance)

Unlike freighters, which generally carried only cargo, transports ranged from civilian personnel carriers to military troop transports and were used for carrying a few dozen to several hundred passengers or troops.

More specialized transports, such as colony ships, were designed to transport personnel for planetary colonization.

Some vessels were also categorized as short-range transports. Dolamide was a material used for building these transports. (DS9: Dramatis Personae)

Rarely, some transports were categorized as space cruisers. (TOS: The Way to Eden)

Transports by race

Transport ships by designation