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klasa Excelsior
Oryginalna konfiguracja
250px
Widok z przodu i z lewej
Przynależność: Federacja, Gwiezdna Flota
Typ: {{{typ}}}
Przeznaczenie: {{{przeznaczenie}}}
W służbie: 2280- - 2370-
Długość: {{{długość}}}
Szerokość: {{{szerokość}}}
Średnica: {{{średnica}}}
Pokłady: 34
Załoga: {{{załoga}}}
Prędkość: {{{prędkość}}}
Uzbrojenie: Fazery, torpedy fotonowe
Obrona: Osłony
Excelsior class, lcars, tngs1
Profil ogólny Excelsior
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Excelsior-class
Refit configuration
USS Enterprise-B in drydock
Widok z przodu
Przynależność: Federacja, Gwiezdna Flota
Typ: {{{typ}}}
Przeznaczenie: {{{przeznaczenie}}}
W służbie: 2290s - 2370s
Długość: {{{długość}}}
Szerokość: {{{szerokość}}}
Średnica: {{{średnica}}}
Pokłady: 34
Załoga: {{{załoga}}}
Prędkość: {{{prędkość}}}
Uzbrojenie: Fazery, torpedy fotonowe, torpedy kwantowe (USS Lakota)
Obrona: Osłony
Excelsior class refit MSD
Główne systemy na wyświetlaczu
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Klasa Excelsior była rodzajem Federacyjnych statków używanych przez Gwiezdną Flotę od końca 23 wieku aż do późnego 24 wieku. Była kręgosłupem Gwiezdnej floty przez prawie stulecie, stając się jednym z najdłużej wykorzystywanych projektów, oraz jednym z najbardziej rozpoznawalnych statków we flocie.

Historia Edytuj

Klasa Excelsior została pierwotnie skonstruowana na początku lat 2280-te we należących do Gwiezdnej Floty Stocznia Floty San Francisco, orbitujących wokół Ziemi. (Star Trek VI: Nieodkryta Kraina tabliczka znamionowa)

Gwiezdna flota wiązała duże nadzieje z pierwszym statkiem tej klasy, prototypowym USS Excelsior, wyposażonym w napęd transwarp, i traktowanym jako "Wielki Eksperyment" stulecia. (Star Trek III: W Poszukiwaniu Spocka)

  • Zobacz: Trial runs po więcej bliższych szczegółów wczesnej historii USS Excelsiora.

Pomimo niepowodzenia "Wielkiego Eksperymentu", Gwiezdna Flota puściła przeszłość w niepamięć. Po przebywaniu w Ziemskim Doku do przynajmniej 2287, prototypowy Excelsior był stopniowo przywracany do aktywnej służby, co nastąpiło ostatecznie w 2290. (Star Trek IV: Powrót do Domu, Star Trek V: Ostateczna Granica, Star Trek VI: Nieodkryta Kraina)

W 2293, los projektu Excelsior został przypieczętowany, gdy Gwiezdna Flota przekazała dalej imię dziedzictwa. Oddanie do służby USS Enterprise-B otwarło drzwi dla klasy Excelsior, aby ta stała się najszerzej stosowaną klasą w całej Gwiezdnej Flocie, której służba trwała jeszcze do późnego 24 wieku. (Star Trek VI: Nieodkryta Kraina; Star Trek Pokolenia; TNG: „Encounter at Farpoint” – VOY: „Endgame”)

Zgodnie z Star Trek: The Next Generation Technical Manual, Enterprise-B został oddany do użytku w należących do Gwiezdnej Floty Antares Ship Yards. Technical Manual wyjaśnia następnie, że "Chociaż decyzja o oparciu [the Enterprise-B] na nieudanym eksperymentalnym Excelsiorze była kontrowersyjna, przeważyła ekonomia użycia istniejącego już (i poza tym udanego) modelu."
Excelsior port of Galaxy

Obok statku klasy Galaxy.

Będąc w końcu w pełni zintegrowanymi z flotą, siostrane staki Excelsiora służyły w misjach o różnych profilach, od eksploracji głębokiego kosmosu i misji terraformacyjnych, po misje patrolowe, kurierskie oraz transportowe. (Star Trek VI: Nieodkryta Kraina, TNG: „Tin Man”, „The Drumhead”, „Brothers”; DS9: „Homefront”, „For the Uniform”, etc.) Klasa Excelsior służyła również często jako osobisty flagowiec oficerom flagowym Gwiezdnej Floty. (TNG: „The Offspring”, „The Best of Both Worlds”, „Chain of Command, Part I”)

Klasa Excelsior prezentowana była przy wielu większych starciach Federacji, w tym inwazji Borg w latach 2366-2367, gdzie brały udział w Bitwie pod Wolf 359, jak również w starciu przeciwko sferze Borg, która wkroczyła do Układu Słonecznego2378. (DS9: „Emissary”; VOY: „Unity”, „Endgame”) Były również obecne w szeregu bitew Wojny z Dominium, podczas Operacji Powrót, Pierwszej i Drugiej bitwy o Chin'toka oraz Bitwie o Kardasję. Wiele z okrętów tej klasy stacjonowało na liniach frontu niedaleko Deep Space 9. (DS9: „Sacrifice of Angels”, „Tears of the Prophets”, „The Changing Face of Evil”, „What You Leave Behind”, etc.)

Szczegóły na temat tej klasy dobrze zachowały się do 31 wieku, kiedy to kapitan Jonathan Archer i porucznik Malcolm Reed obejrzeli schematy tej klasy w 22 wieku, korzystając z dostępu do bazy danych agenta temporalnego, Danielsa. (ENT: „Shockwave”)

Dane techniczne Edytuj

Układ fizyczny Edytuj

USS Farragut, Chrysalis

Lewy port dokujący

Klasa Excelsior posiada układ sekcja spodka-sekcja maszynowni-gondole warp, wspólny dla większości statków floty. Posiada jednak bardziej opływowy kształt niż poprzednie klasy.

Charakterystyka kadłuba głównego obejmuje port dokowania po lewej stronie kadłuba. (DS9: „Chrysalis”)

Unowocześnienia Edytuj

Following its initial, and somewhat unsuccessful origins, the Excelsior underwent a minor refit, which included a new bridge module, in addition to a significant modification to the aft portion of the saucer section, surrounding the impulse drive, and a modification to the cargo bay on the aft ventral portion of the ship. This configuration would remain the standard for the Excelsior-class throughout its service. (Star Trek VI: Nieodkryta Kraina)

According to Charting the Undiscovered Country: The Making of Trek VI (pg. 74), Bill George stated that "we changed the bridge area of the Excelsior model, because on this show, the bridge is actually very small – it's the Enterprise bridge redressed. The Excelsior was originally built for Star Trek III, where it had a cavernous bridge, and the model had a big bubble on top which I felt was always out of scale. We replaced it with a smaller bridge area which helped the overall scale of the model."
USS Enterprise-B facing the Nexus

Enterprise-B z dodatkowymi silnikami impulsowymi (na górze) i dodatkową wypustką, otaczającą talerz deflektora (na dole).

In less than a decade, the Excelsior design underwent a second, more significant overhaul, as introduced with the launch of the USS Enterprise-B. While remaining true to the original design, this new configuration added several modifications to the basic hull, including the addition of a second pair of impulse engines, an expanded scoop surrounding the deflector dish, and the addition and removal of a number of fins located on the saucer and nacelles. (Star Trek Pokolenia; DS9: „Paradise Lost”)

According to the Star Trek: The Next Generation Sketchbook: The Movies, the additional impulse engines were added to provide the ship with stronger engines, which would be needed when the saucer detached. This corresponds with the inclusion of a battle bridge on MSD appearing on the Enterprise-B bridge in Generations.

As this class aged, Starfleet continued to incorporate the latest technology, through continued upgrades, refits and repairs, well into the 2360s and 2370s. In 2364, the USS Melbourne underwent significant repairs at Starbase 74, while in 2367 the USS Hood underwent a major system upgrade at Starbase 174. (TNG: „11001001”, „Brothers”, etc.)

Układy taktyczne Edytuj

The original Excelsior design was outfitted type 8 phaser emitters in five dual phaser emplacements on the forward saucer section, and one dual emplacement on the aft of the saucer. Phaser banks were also positioned laterally, located port and starboard, near the point that the primary and secondary hulls meet, as well as one emplacement located between the nacelles. (Star Trek VI: Nieodkryta Kraina; Star Trek Pokolenia production art; DS9: „Paradise Lost”, etc.)

In addition, the Excelsior was equipped with several photon torpedo launchers. The two primary launchers were located in the forward section, on both sides of the deflector dish seen as two dark colored ports ahead of the starfleet hull banners. The upper forward launchers were located on the neck section, also allowing ship access for cargo management units. Aft launchers were located above the main shuttlebay. (Star Trek Pokolenia production art) In addition, the shields were stronger than the Szablon:Class refit, capable of withstanding a direct photon torpedo strike without suffering any visible damage to the outer hull. (Star Trek VI: Nieodkryta Kraina)

With the impending threat of the Dominion against the Federation, Starfleet began to experiment, in 2372, with performing a refit on the Excelsior-class USS Lakota. Upgrades included improved phaser emplacements, quantum torpedoes, and other improvements to make the ship competitive with such ship designs as the Szablon:Class. (DS9: „Paradise Lost”)

Układy napędowe Edytuj

TranswarpComputerDisplay

Transwarp drive – in theory

Initially the Excelsior was designed under a radically new principle in propulsion, the transwarp drive. While an awe-inspiring concept to some, it was the traditional engineers who remained skeptical of this new form of warp drive. (Star Trek III: W Poszukiwaniu Spocka) Following this failure, the Excelsior spent the next two years in spacedock before being fitted with a traditional warp drive. (Star Trek IV: Powrót do Domu; Star Trek V: Ostateczna Granica; Star Trek VI: Nieodkryta Kraina)

According to the Star Trek Encyclopedia, "although it was never made clear on film, it is generally assumed that the transwarp drive being tested in Star Trek III was a failure, and that the ship was later outfitted with a more conventional warp drive. The ExcelsiorSzablon:'s bridge control panels and computer readout displays seen in Star Trek VI tend to support this theory". It was theorized by the Star Trek Chronology that this ship-wide systems failure might have been the one referenced to by Data when he mentioned no Federation vessel having such a problem in over eighty years in TNG: „Evolution”. On page 14 of the Star Trek: The Next Generation Technical Manual, it was stated that "while the attempt to surpass the primary warp field efficiency barrier with the Transwarp Development Project in the early 2280s proved unsuccessful, the pioneering achievements in warp power generation and field coil design eventually led to the uprated Excelsior and Szablon:Class starships. Both vessels served Starfleet in exemplary fashion. They continue to do so, even beyond their original lifetimes."
Although several references were made to various Excelsior-class vessels traveling at "maximum warp" or "high warp", the maximum speed was never established. The only submittable reference comes from a line cut from Star Trek VI: Nieodkryta Kraina that indicated Sulu ordering the Excelsior to warp 9 to get to Khitomer in time. In Paradise Lost, Miles O'Brien was concerned about the potential "tinkering" that may have been "done to [the LakotaSzablon:'s] warp drive," when considering alternative options to combating the Lakota. For reference, the maximum known speed of the Defiant was warp 9.5. (The Sound of Her Voice)

By the early 24th century, Excelsior-class vessels were normally equipped with dilithium recompositing and recrystallization technology. The theta-matrix compositor of the time, which later became outdated, was upgraded by the time the Szablon:Class was introduced. This new recrystallization process was ten times more efficient than that of the Excelsior-class. (TNG: „Family”)

The Excelsior-class also used micro-power relays in its warp core matrix compositor. (DS9: „For the Uniform”)

Projekt wnętrza Edytuj

Główny mostek Edytuj

Excelsior Bridge 3

The main viewscreen (2293)

Located on top of the primary hull, the ExcelsiorSzablon:'s main bridge directly supervised all primary mission operations and coordinated all departmental activities. Due to the age and variety of configurations of the Excelsior-class, bridge configurations varied from ship to ship.

Against the aft wall of many Excelsior bridges was the large engineering master systems display monitor, showing a cutaway of the ship and status information. This was not originally part of the USS Excelsior configuration but added later, a feature shared with sister ship USS Enterprise-B. (Star Trek III: W Poszukiwaniu Spocka; Star Trek VI: Nieodkryta Kraina; Star Trek Pokolenia; VOY: „Flashback”)

Holo-communicator

Sanders transmitting from the bridge of the Malinche

The Excelsior bridge was a partial set in Star Trek III. In Star Trek VI, the Excelsior bridge was a redress of the Enterprise-A bridge, shot on Paramount Stage 5, and was similar in many ways to the NCC-1701-B bridge seen in Star Trek Generations. The set was rebuilt from scratch, with some changes in detail and scale, for the production of "Flashback."

At least one Excelsior-class starship, the USS Malinche, had a holo-communicator installed in its main bridge in 2373. Upon first use of the technology, Malinche Captain Sanders described to Captain Benjamin Sisko, who was on the transmitting end on board the USS Defiant, "you appear to be sitting on my bridge. It may take me a while to get used to this." (DS9: „For the Uniform”)

Ready room Edytuj

The captain's ready room was located adjacent to the bridge, and contained a desk and chair, along with a personal viewer, and was backed by several LCARS interfaces and an MSD. (TNG: „Unnatural Selection”, „Tin Man”; DS9: „Paradise Lost”)

Ensign Nog of Deep Space 9 once explained to Chief O'Brien how Al Lorenzo liked to sneak into famous starship captain's offices and take holophotos of himself sitting behind their desks. Included in Lorenzo's collection was a holophoto of himself sitting behind Captain DeSoto's desk on board the Hood. (DS9: „Treachery, Faith and the Great River”)

Each appearance of the captain's ready room has been a partial interior shot, and in all three cases were identified as being the "captain's ready room" in the script. In particular, the script from "Paradise Lost" simply states that Captain Benteen is "'presumably communicating from her ready room on the Lakota.'"

Pomieszczenie deflektora Edytuj

Kirk enters deflector room

Access way to the deflector room

The deflector room, located on Deck 15, Section 21-alpha, was positioned directly behind the ExcelsiorSzablon:'s deflector dish. It was a small control room that could be accessed by a series of catwalks and ladders. The deflector room housed several consoles, in addition to the ship's deflector relays. (Star Trek Pokolenia) Szablon:Clear

Lądowiska promów i ładownie Edytuj

USS Excelsior, aft

Aft view, including shuttle and cargo bays in intense blue light

The Excelsior-class contained several cargo bays, including one located in the aft dorsal section of the secondary hull as well as several bays located along the ventral section of the secondary hull. (Star Trek Pokolenia production art) The main shuttlebay was located in the stern by the landing bay doors, which housed several shuttles of different types, including the type 7 shuttlecraft. (TNG: „The Child”) Szablon:Clear

Zakwaterowanie Edytuj

Senior officers, such as the captain, had private quarters below decks. Captain Hikaru Sulu's quarters were located on Deck 3.

Many of the enlisted crew, junior officers and officers shared quarters and bunk areas. They varied in occupant size from four to nine. (Star Trek VI: Nieodkryta Kraina; VOY: „Flashback”)

Statki oddane do służby Edytuj

Szablon:Navbox

Dodatek Edytuj

Wystąpienia Edytuj

Poza ekranem Edytuj

W scenariuszu do Star Trek III, Excelsior został opisany jako " super statek. Jego linie są podobne do Enterprise, ale jest wyraźnie większy, gładszy i bardzo nowy. Spoczywa na swojej cumie jak nowa Królowa Kosmosu." W porównaniu do Enterprise, "widoczna jest różnica wielkości (B-29 do B-17)."[1]

Model studyjnyEdytuj

Zobacz: Model klasy Excelsior

RozmiaryEdytuj

The generally accepted length of 1,531 feet (466.6 meters) can be traced back to a size comparison chart developed for Star Trek III: W Poszukiwaniu Spocka and published in the June 1987 issue of Cinefantastique. The related comment below was posted by Bill George of ILM:

I really don’t think there is a definitive answer to this question. The only description we had at the time was that it was “souped-up” and bigger than the Enterprise. The size the miniature was built to was determined by the camera guys as being the optimal size to shoot. As I recall Nilo [Rodis-Jamero] did that size comparison chart, but it wasn’t necessarily followed. The issue of true scale wasn’t a consideration. Budget, ease of use, art direction and dramatic intent were what influenced the construction of the ship.
The Trek BBS



Andrew Probert extended the ILM chart for Star Trek: The Next Generation, sizing his Ambassador concept halfway between the Excelsior and the Galaxy. [2] Visual Effects Supervisor Gary Hutzel would use 1,500 feet around 1998. [3]

Podręcznik TechnicznyEdytuj

The following information of specifications and defenses comes exclusively from the Star Trek: Deep Space Nine Technical Manual:

  • Production Base: ASDB Integration Facility, Utopia Planitia Fleet Yards, Mars
  • Type: Explorer
  • Accommodation: 750 officers and crew; 130 visiting personnel; 9,800 personal evacuation limit
  • Power Plant: One 1500 plus Cochrane warp core feeding two nacelles; one impulse system
  • Dimensions: Length, 511.25 meters; beam, 195.64 meters; height, 86.76 meters
  • Mass: 2,350,000 metric tonnes

Apokryfy Edytuj

The advent of the Excelsior design and transwarp are referenced in Diane Carey's novel Battlestations! and also the non-canon licensed reference Mr. Scott's Guide to the Enterprise by Shane Johnson. Shiplists and specifications of many unseen and conjectural Excelsior-class vessels are included in many role-playing game supplements such as the Federation Ship Recognition Manual and the TNG Officer's Manual from FASA, and the Decipher sourcebook Starships, although much of the information conflicts with other sources.

According to the novel Ghost Ship, some Excelsior-class ships in the 24th century have the ability to separate their saucers, including the USS Yorktown and the Hood.

In the video game Star Trek: Elite Force II, the player character leads a mission aboard the Excelsior-class vessel USS Dallas, NCC-2019. The dedication plaque states that the Dallas is the "last starship of her class."

Star Trek Online features the Excelsior-class and her refit as a commander level (Tier 3) "Advanced Heavy Cruiser" and rear admiral level (tier 5) "Advanced Heavy Cruiser Retrofit" respectively. This ship is equipped with a Transwarp Computer allowing you to Transwarp to different Sector Blocks.

In the novel adaptation of Star Trek Pokolenia, Captain Sulu is performing an emergency saucer separation drill aboard the USS Excelsior when he receives word about Kirk's death aboard the USS Enterprise-B.

Linki zewnętrzne Edytuj

Szablon:Featured

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