Multiple realities(covers information from several alternate timelines)
The alveoli were small sacs located in the lungs, where gas exchange occurred between the blood and the air.
In 2151, Doctor Phlox noted that a Suliban's alveoli clusters had been modified to allow for easier processing of different atmospheres. (ENT: "Broken Bow")
In 2372, while undergoing hyper-evolution, Tom Paris's alveoli mutated to the point that they stopped processing oxygen. (VOY: "Threshold")
In 2373, The Doctor reported that the pulmonary system of a dead Borg drone he was examining exhibited evidence of extensive alveolar damage. (VOY: "Unity")
In 2374, B'Elanna Torres's alveoli briefly stopped processing oxygen after she was mutated by covert Srivani medical experiments. (VOY: "Scientific Method")
In an alternate timeline, The Doctor examined Kathryn Janeway after she breathed in gas seeping into the critically damaged USS Voyager from a class 9 nebula. He found that the alveoli in her lungs had been chemically burned. She insisted that The Doctor treat her with trioxin so she could continue to work on repairing Voyager. (VOY: "Year of Hell, Part II")
Also that year, Seven of Nine used Borg nanoprobes to resurrect Neelix, which caused the alveoli in his lung to quickly regenerate. (VOY: "Mortal Coil")