The American Civil War was a conflict that occurred between the United States of America and the Confederate States of America in the 19th century on Earth in North America. In the conflict, the Confederate States attempted to secede from the United States, but were eventually defeated by Union forces. It was described as "the four bloodiest years of United States history." (TOS: "The Savage Curtain")

While no total war casualty figures were ever mentioned in Star Trek, the "bloodiest years" line in "The Savage Curtain" was by no means an exaggeration; the most commonly quoted fatalities figure in historical texts is an approximately 620,000 total, which is even believed to be on the conservative side. Until the 21st century, this figure has accounted for over half of all the fatalities the Unites States has suffered in all its armed conflicts as a nation.

History Edit

Although coming at a time before mankind could learn to resolve disputes without bloodshed, the outcome of the civil war, nevertheless, brought about an end to slavery and oppression. (VOY: "The Q and the Grey")

General Ulysses S. Grant served as the commanding officer of the Union Armies during the Civil War, a position granted to him by President of the United States Abraham Lincoln, concurrently serving as the commander in chief, but who was assassinated shortly before the conclusion of the war. While generally described as a gentle man, Lincoln gave orders that sent "a hundred thousand men to their death at the hands of their brothers". (TOS: "The Savage Curtain")

The "hundred thousand men" line refer to the casualties incurred by the Union Army during Grant's bloody 1864-1865 campaign waged in Virginia against the Confederate Army of General Robert E. Lee, which however eventually led up to the conclusion of the war.
Abraham Lincoln, The Cage remastered Robert E Lee and Stonewall Jackson
US President and Commander-in-Chief Abraham Lincoln
Confederate generals Lee(l) and Jackson
Civil war soldiers guardian of forever Union encampment
Union infantry attacking.
A Union Army encampment.
Monitor and Virginia Battle of Fort Hindman
The Battles of Hampton Roads on the left, and Fort Hindman on the right.

Another Union commander of note had been Grant's trusted subordinate Lieutenant general William T. Sherman, who commanded the Union Armies on the western front. (VOY: "Death Wish")

The Confederate Armies on the opposite side were commanded by, among others, generals Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson. (TOS-R: "The Cage")

After Captain Jonathan Archer and his crew of the Enterprise NX-01 had restored a damaged timeline in 1944/2154, a scene from the American Civil War could be seen in the time stream as the timeline realigned itself; watched by Archer, the scene showed Confederate Army cavalry attacking an Union Army artillery position during an otherwise unspecified engagement. (ENT: "Storm Front, Part II")

A century later, Captain James T. Kirk and his landing party from the USS Enterprise NCC-1701 saw images from the same war in which Union Army infantry was seen attacking via the Guardian of Forever in 2267, likewise from an otherwise unspecified engagement. (TOS: "The City on the Edge of Forever")

While the Civil War imagery seen in the resetting timestream and the Guardian of Forever were obviously taken from as of yet unidentified Hollywood productions, they were in their respective episodes meant as actual scenery as they took place at that moment in time, as indeed was the other historical imagery seen in both.

Colonel Thaddius Riker, distant ancestor of William T. Riker, also fought in the conflict in the Union Army. Colonel Riker commanded the 102nd New York Infantry during Sherman's March on Atlanta on Atlanta. During the campaign, Colonel Riker was wounded at the Battle of Pine Mountain, Georgia. (VOY: "Death Wish")

In "Family", Wesley Crusher views a holographic recording that his deceased father made for him when he was a ten week old infant. In a filmed, but unaired line from the script, Jack Crusher recounts with pride to Wesley that one of their ancestors fought and died at Bull Run on the side of the Confederate States, and which historically could have been either the First or the Second Battle of Bull Run, both Confederate victories and in the former Confederacy itself usually referred to as the "Battles of Manassas". Included on the 2013 TNG Season 4 Blu-ray release, the line was featured in the deleted scene of the episode.

During the war, the Union Army utilized observation balloons that were tethered at around six hundred feet high. (TOS: "The Savage Curtain")

During the Q Civil War, Q chose to represent the war by using an illusion of the American Civil War, so that Captain Janeway could comprehend the Continuum. (VOY: "The Q and the Grey")

Major engagements Edit

While the battle itself was never actually mentioned, when Janeway speaks of "the fields at Gettysburg" in "Memorial", this is clearly intended as a reference to the engagement that took place there in July 1863.

Appendices Edit

Apocrypha Edit

In the Rihannsu novel The Romulan Way, Georgia native Leonard McCoy, using his Right of Statement, refers to the "War Between the States", an alternate name for the conflict sometimes used, especially in the states of the former Confederacy.

External links Edit