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Western Asia on planet Earth

Asia on a 21st century-era political map of Earth.

Asia was the largest continent on Earth; it made up a majority of the Eurasian landmass. Western Asia was where some of the Middle Eastern countries were located. A person who was from this continent was sometimes referred to as an Oriental. The equator, a line of latitude that divided the Earth into northern and southern hemispheres, passed through this continent.

In the late 17th century, a cartographer created a map, from what was learned from European explorers and traders, of the lands that had coastlines on the Bay of Bengal, the Indian Ocean, and the Arabian Sea. The map included portions of the western, southern, and south-eastern Asian continent. (Star Trek: Enterprise, opening credits)

During the 19th and 20th centuries, the Orient Express was a train route that traveled from Paris, in Western Europe, to Istanbul, located in Western Asia. (TNG: "Emergence")

In the same century, the Asian continent was a location of many Brush Wars fought by the two main opponents in the Cold War, the USSR and the USA, where these two supplied different groups with weapons to gain influence in Asia, but to prevent a full-scale war. This situation was similar to the involvement of the Federation and the Klingon Empire on the planet Neural in the mid-23rd century as was remarked by Captain Kirk. (TOS: "A Private Little War")

In 1968, a government coup took place in Asia which was considered by Spock to have been "dangerous" for Earth's political development. (TOS: "Assignment: Earth")

In the late 20th century, Asia was seen on the photograph "The Blue Marble". (TOS-R: "The Cage")

From 1992 to 1996, Khan Noonien Singh was absolute ruler of more than a quarter of Earth's land mass, from Asia to the Middle East. (TOS: "Space Seed")

In 2153, the first prototype of the Xindi weapon self-destructed over Earth; portions of this probe were recovered by a Vulcan transport in Central Asia, due to an undetonated charge in the vessel's engine. (ENT: "The Expanse")

A 21st century-era political map of Earth was stored in the USS Enterprise's library computer in 2254. The Asian continent was seen on this map. This map was among the materials viewed by the Talosians when they scanned the Enterprise computer. (TOS-R: "The Cage")

Background information

In the real 1968 a coup took place in the Western Asian country of Iraq.

The 17th century map, known as "Harmonia macrocosmica seu atlas universalis et novus, totius universi creati cosmographiam generalem, et novam exhibens", was created by Andreas Cellarius. A scan of the original can be found here

Retroactive continuity: Several 20th century-era maps depicting Asia, or portions of it, were stored in the USS Enterprise library computer in 2254. These maps included a continent projections map, an eastern hemisphere map, two political maps of the northern hemisphere, and a statistical map. These maps were among the materials viewed by the Talosians when they scanned the Enterprise computer. (TOS: "The Cage")

Decades later, a Central Intelligence Agency map was used for the remastered "The Cage". This map was published either in April 2007[1] or September 2008.[2] The difference, which was not noticeable at the resolution of the image from the episode, was the addition of Kosovo, which gained its independence between the releases.

Features from the CIA map
Country Capital Notes
Afghanistan Kabul A southern Asian country. Major cities - Herat, Kandahar.
Armenia Yerevan A western Asian country.
Azerbaijan Baku A western Asian country.
Bahrain Manama A western Asian country.
Bangladesh Dhaka A southern Asian country.
Bhutan Thimpu A southern Asian country.
British Indian Ocean Territory An Indian Ocean archipelago administered by the United Kingdom. Diego Garcia was an island in this territory.
Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan A south-eastern Asian country.
Burma Nay Pyi Taw A south-eastern Asian country. Major city - Mandalay.
Cambodia Phnom Penh A south-eastern Asian country.
China Beijing A country in eastern Asia. Major cities - Baotou, Changchun, Changsha, Changqing, Chengdu, Dalian, Datang, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Hangchou, Harbin, Hefei, Jilin, Jinan, Kashi, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Nantang, Ningbo, Qingdao, Shanghai, Shantou, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Ürümqi, Wuhan, Yantai, Xiamen, Xi'an, Zhanliang, Zhengzhou, Zibo.
Christmas Island An Indian Ocean territory of Australia.
Cocos (Keeling) Islands An Indian Ocean territory of Australia.
Cyprus Nicosia A western Asian country.
Georgia Tbilisi A western Asian country.
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (S.A.R.) in China.
India New Delhi A southern Asian country. Major cities - Agra, Ahmadabad, Bengaluru, Bhopal, Calicut, Chennai, Cochin, Coimbatore, Hyderabad Indore, Jaipur, Jamshedpur, Kanpur, Kolkata, Lucknow, Ludhiana, Madurai, Mumbai, Nagpur, Patna, Pune, Surat, Vijayawada, Vishakhapatnam.
Indonesia Jakarta A south-eastern Asian country. Major cities - Banjarmasin, Bandung, Denpasar, Jayapura, Kupang, Makassar, Malang, Medan, Padang, Palembang, Pekanbaru, Pontianak, Samarinda, Semarang, Surabaya, Tanjungkarang-Telukbetung
Iran Tehran A southern Asian country. Major cities - Ahvaz, Esfahan, Kermanshah, Mashhad, Qom, Shiraz, Tabriz, Zāhedān.
Iraq Baghdad A western Asian country. Major cities - Al Başrah, Arbil, Mosul.
Israel Tel Aviv-Yafo A western Asian country. Major city - Jerusalem.
Japan Tokyo A eastern Asian country. Major city - Fukuoka, Hiroshima, Nagoya, Osaka, Sapporo, Yokohama.
Jordan Amman A western Asian country.
Kazakhstan Astana A central Asian country. Major cities - Almaty, Aqtaü (Aktau), Atyraü, Qaraghandy (Karaganda), Shymkent.
Kuwait Kuwait A western Asian country.
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek A central Asian country.
Laos Vientiane A south-eastern Asian country.
Lebanon Beirut A western Asian country.
Macao Special Administrative Region (S.A.R.) in China
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur A south-eastern Asian country.
Maldives Male A southern Asian country.
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar An eastern Asian country.
Nepal Kathmandu A southern Asian country.
North Korea Pyongyang A eastern Asian country.
Oman Muscat A western Asian country.
Pakistan Islamabad A southern Asian country. Major cities - Faisalabad, Hyderabad, Karachi, Lahore, Multan, Peshawar, Quetta.
Philippines Manila An eastern Asian country. Major cities - Cebu, Davao, Zamboanga.
Qatar Doha A western Asian country.
Saudi Arabia Riyadh A western Asian country. Major cities - Mecca, Medina, Jiddah.
Singapore Singapore A south-eastern Asian country.
South Korea Seoul An eastern Asian country. Major city - Pusan.
Sri Lanka Colombo A southern Asian country.
Syria Damascus A western Asian country. Major city - Aleppo.
Taiwan Taipei A Taiwan Province, China. Major city - Kao-hsiung.
Tajikistan Dushanbe A central Asian country.
Thailand Bangkok A south-eastern Asian country. Major city - Chiang Mai.
Timor-Leste Dili A south-eastern Asian country.
Turkey Ankara A western Asian country. Major cities - Adana, Bursa, Gaziantep, Istanbul, Izmir, Konya.
Turkmenistan Ashgabat A central Asian country.
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi A western Asian country.
Uzbekistan Tashkent A central Asian country.
Vietnam Hanoi A south-eastern Asian country. Major cities - Da Nang, Haiphong, Ho Chi Minh City.
Yemen Sanaa A western Asian country. Major city - Aden.

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