The Baikonur Cosmodrome in the nation-state of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on Earth was an OCC and, later, a Federation shipyard.
On November 27th, 2123, the OCC starship SS Mariposa (NAR-7678) was launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. (TNG: "Up The Long Ladder", okudagram)
In 2363, on stardate 40291.7, the SS Tsiolkovsky (NCC-53911) was commissioned at the Baikonur Cosmodrome. (TNG: "The Naked Now", dedication plaque)
This shipyard was only mentioned in writing.
In the real world, Sputnik
and Vostok 1
were also launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome.