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The '''Bajoran language''' family is a group of both extinct and existing [[language]]s and dialects used on [[Bajor]].
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[[File:Classroom alphabet 2.jpg|thumb|Parts of the Bajoran alphabet (lower right)]]
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The '''Bajoran language''' family was a group of both extinct and existing [[language]]s and dialects used on [[Bajor]].
   
==Written language==
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== Written language ==
[[Image:bajoranscript3.JPG|thumb|Bajoran script]]
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[[File:Bajoran script.gif|thumb|Bajoran script]]
[[Image:reckoningtext2.JPG|thumb|Example of written Bajoran, both ancient and modern, translation provided]]
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[[File:Bajoran script, Reckoning text.jpg|thumb|Example of written Bajoran, both ancient and modern, translation provided]]
The Bajoran written language consists of square symbols which are composed of thick lines. There are a large number of different symbols which can be used in any of eight rotations (flipped and rotated each and every way). Bajoran tends to be written in horizontal lines, although it can be written vertically. ([[DS9]]: "[[Shadows and Symbols]]")
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The Bajoran written language consisted of square symbols which were composed of thick lines. There were a large number of different symbols which could be used in any of eight rotations (flipped and rotated each and every way). Bajoran tended to be written in horizontal lines, although it could be written vertically. ({{DS9|Shadows and Symbols}})
 
 
Bajoran writng is said to be [[ideogram|ideographic]], that is, each character represents a single thought or word pictured. Most forms of written Bajoran share some root ideograms, as evidenced by the [[Reckoning Tablet]]. Each ancient Bajoran symbol translated into a pair of nearly identical modern Bajoran symbols. ([[DS9]]: "[[The Reckoning]]")
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Bajoran writing was said to be [[ideogram|ideographic]], that was, each character represented a single thought or word pictured. Most forms of written Bajoran shared some root ideograms, as evidenced by the [[Reckoning Tablet]]. Each ancient Bajoran symbol translated into a pair of nearly identical modern Bajoran symbols. ({{DS9|The Reckoning}}) Bajoran books are opened from left to right, though it is not clear that this is related to the direction of writing. ({{DS9|The Changing Face of Evil}}).
   
[[Keiko O'Brien]]'s schoolroom featured a chart depicting the [[English]] alphabet and three other alien languages. The chart listed some twenty-five Bajoran language symbols. ([[DS9]]: "[[The Nagus]]", "[[Cardassians (episode)|Cardassians]]")
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[[Keiko O'Brien]]'s [[classroom]] featured a chart depicting the [[English]], the [[Ferengi]], the [[Cardassian]], and the Bajoran alphabet. The chart listed some twenty-five Bajoran language symbols. ({{DS9|The Nagus|In the Hands of the Prophets|Cardassians}})
   
==Established words and phrases==
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== Established words and phrases ==
*'''Amoran''' - banished ([[DS9]]:" [[The Assignment]]")
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*'''Amoran''' - banished ({{DS9|The Assignment}})
*'''Balik(am)''' - "go away" or "get lost!" ([[TNG]]: "[[Ensign Ro]]")
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*'''Balik(am)''' - "go away" or "get lost!", written and pronounced like the Filipino word for "go back", which would also fit as a translation as seen on the scene ({{TNG|Ensign Ro}})
*'''[[Bantaca spire|Bantaca]]''' - name for a traditional spire made out of thousands of interlocked stones, marked with the coordinates of the town or city they represent ([[DS9]]: "[[Rapture]]")
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*'''[[Bantaca spire|Bantaca]]''' - name for a traditional spire made out of thousands of interlocked stones, marked with the coordinates of the town or city they represent ({{DS9|Rapture}})
*'''Boryhas''' - term for ghosts or spirits of the dead ([[TNG]]: "[[The Next Phase]]")
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*'''Boryhas''' - term for ghosts or spirits of the dead ({{TNG|The Next Phase}})
*'''D'jarras''' - ancient Bajoran caste system ([[DS9]]: "[[Accession]]")
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*'''[[D'jarra]]s''' - ancient Bajoran caste system ({{DS9|Accession}})
*'''Duranja''' - lamp for the dead: candle suspended by chains from four pillars ([[DS9]]: "[[Shakaar]]")
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*'''[[Duranja]]''' - lamp for the dead: candle suspended by chains from four pillars ({{DS9|Shakaar}})
*'''Ha'dara''' - house of light ([[VOY]]: "[[Flesh and Blood]]")
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*'''Ha'dara''' - Home of light ({{VOY|Flesh and Blood}})
*'''[[Ha'mara]]''' - religious festival to celebrate the arrival of the [[Emissary]] ([[DS9]]: "[[Starship Down]]")
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*'''[[Ha'mara]]''' - religious festival to celebrate the arrival of the [[Emissary of the Prophets]] ({{DS9|Starship Down}})
*'''Itanu''' - ceremony carried out when a child reaches the age of fourteen ([[DS9]]: "[[Accession]]")
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*'''Itanu''' - ceremony carried out when a child reaches the age of fourteen ({{DS9|Accession}})
*'''Kejal''' - freedom ([[VOY]]: "[[Flesh and Blood]]")
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*'''[[Kejal]]''' - freedom ({{VOY|Flesh and Blood}})
*'''Kost''' - to be ([[DS9]]: "[[The Assignment]]")
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*'''Kosst''' - to be ({{DS9|The Assignment}})
*'''Mandala''' - shrine found in most Bajoran homes ([[DS9]]: "[[In the Cards]]")
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*'''Peldar Joi''' - greeting used during the [[Gratitude Festival]] ({{DS9|Fascination}})
*'''[[Pagh]]''' - the life energy or soul of a person ([[DS9]]: "[[Emissary]]", et. al.)
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*'''Shawn''' - [[swamp]], rhymes with Irish name Seán ({{DS9|Let He Who Is Without Sin...}})
*'''Pagh'tem'far''' - a sacred vision granted by the [[Prophets]] ([[DS9]]: "[[Rapture]]")
 
*'''Peldar Joi''' - greeting used during the [[Gratitude Festival]] ([[DS9]]: "[[Fascination]]")
 
*'''Shawn''' - swamp, rhymes with Irish name Seán ([[DS9]]: "[[Let He Who Is Without Sin...]]")
 
   
==Religious terms==
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== Religious terms ==
*'''[[Ranjen]]''' - a monk, usually a title given as an honor ([[DS9]]: "[[The Reckoning]]")
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*'''[[Ranjen]]''' - a [[monk]], usually a title given as an honor ({{DS9|The Reckoning}})
*'''[[Prylar]]''' - a monk or priest ([[DS9]]: "[[The Collaborator]]")
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*'''[[Prylar]]''' - a monk or priest ({{DS9|The Collaborator}})
*'''[[Vedek]]''' - a senior member of the Bajoran clergy ([[DS9]]: "[[In the Hands of the Prophets]]")
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*'''[[Vedek]]''' - a senior member of the Bajoran clergy ({{DS9|In the Hands of the Prophets}})
*'''[[Kai]]''' - a leader of the Bajoran clergy ([[DS9]]: "[[Emissary]]")
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*'''[[Kai]]''' - a leader of the Bajoran clergy ({{DS9|Emissary}})
*'''[[Kosst Amojan]]''' - also known as ''Koss'moran'', another name for the [[Pah-wraith]]s; translates as ''the banished ones'' ([[DS9]]: "[[The Assignment]]")
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*'''[[Kosst Amojan]]''' - also known as ''Koss'moran'', another name for the [[Pah-wraith]]s; translates as ''the banished ones'' ({{DS9|The Assignment}})
*'''Pagh''' - the eternal soul ([[DS9]]: "[[Emissary]]")
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*'''[[Pagh]]''' - the life energy, eternal energy or soul of a person ({{DS9|Emissary}}, ''et al.'')
*'''Pagh-tem-far''' - a spiritual vision sent by the Prophets ([[DS9]]: "[[Rapture]]")
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*'''[[Pagh'tem'far]]''' - a sacred vision granted by the [[Prophet]]s ({{DS9|Rapture}})
   
==Measurements==
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== Measurements ==
*'''Kerripate''' - a measure of distance ([[DS9]]: "[[Progress]]")
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*'''[[Kellipate]]''' - a measure of distance ({{DS9|Progress}})
*'''[[Tessipate]]''' - a measure of land area used on Bajor ([[DS9]]: "[[Progress]]", "[[Children of Time]]")
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*'''[[Tessipate]]''' - a measure of land area used on Bajor ({{DS9|Progress|Children of Time}})
*'''Kellipate''' - a fraction of a tessipate ([[DS9]]: "[[Children of Time]]")
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*'''[[Kerripate]]''' - a fraction of a tessipate ({{DS9|Children of Time}})
   
==Prayers==
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== Prayers ==
*'''Jia kasha tren tolaren, lapor ilani kor. Enna tana talinok. Jia kasha treyna tolaren, lapor ilani kors, enna jia kasha tren.'''
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*'''Raka-ja ut shala morala... ema bo roo kana... uranak... ralanon (NAME)... propeh va nara ehsuk shala-kan vunek ...
::Prayer to the prophets asking for protection or favor. ([[DS9]]: "[[Starship Down]]")
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:(do not let him walk alone... guide him on his journey... protect... the one named (NAME)... take him into the gates of heaven... )'''
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::[[Duranja]] lamp prayer for the recently deceased (''the translation comes from the script''). ({{DS9|Shakaar}})
   
*'''Teradak embra ensahelm ran embra. Daran tareen!'''
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*'''Ahn-kay ya, ay-ya vasu. Coh-ma-ra, di-nay-ya..'''
::Chanted by Kai [[Winn Adami|Winn]] and fellow Bajorans in the hours before the [[Reckoning]]. ([[DS9]]: "[[The Reckoning]]")
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::Bajoran death chant, repeated over and over again for approximately three hours. ({{DS9|Battle Lines}})
   
*'''Raka Ja Hoot. Shalla Moralla. Emma Buru Kana. Uranak Rana Non (Person's Name). Propay Va Nara Eh Suuk. Shalla Com...'''
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*'''Tesra Peldor impatri bren. Bentel vetan ullon sten..'''
::[[Duranja]] lamp prayer for the recently deceased. ([[DS9]]: "[[Shakaar]]")
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::Presiders address at the Gratitude Festival. ({{DS9|Fascination}})
   
*'''Ahkayah. Aya Vasuu. Kovan ha. Ekayha.'''
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*'''Jia'kaja, tre'nu'tol'a rem... La'por i'lanu kos... I'nar tan'a'tali nor....'''
::Bajoran death chant, repeated over and over again for approximately three hours. ([[DS9]]: "[[Battle Lines]]")
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::Prayer to the prophets asking for protection or favor. ({{DS9|Starship Down}})
   
*'''Tesra Peldar Impadre Bren. Bentel Veytan Olan Sten.'''
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*'''Zhia'kala, tar'eh anu suur... te'von, aka'lu rez... ka'vor, mat'ana kel..'''
::Presiders address at the Gratitude Festival. ([[DS9]]: "[[Fascination]]")
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::Marriage blessing by the Emissary. ({{DS9|Accession}})
   
*'''Shakala tai unsyor. Tevan akares kova antana kel.'''
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*'''Boray pree hadokee. Tolata impara boresh. Preeya (GROOM'S NAME), Preeya (BRIDE'S NAME), abrem varo atel..'''
::Marriage blessing by the Emissary. ([[DS9]]: "[[Accession]]")
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::Traditional marriage blessing used in conjuction with a simple ceremony. ({{DS9|Call to Arms}})
   
*'''Bore ah pre arrow key. Toll ah ta en para boresh. Pre ah (groom's name), pre ah (bride's name). Abrem. Varo ay tem.'''
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*'''lata impara no takash... ''with humility and gratitude, we accept this gift...'' Veshanoo yavar ha iktasho... ''the sacred Orb of Prophecy.'''''
::Traditional marriage blessing used in conjuction with a simple ceremony. ([[DS9]]: "[[Call to Arms]]")
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::Orb blessing prayer. ({{DS9|Resurrection}})
   
*'''Dolata impara nul ta kash. With humility and gratitude we accept this gift. Veshi nyu hiva ha ek kasho.'''
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*'''(Prayer leader) Tera dak ihsehelm ran embah... (ALL) de-ram ta-MEEN!'''
::Orb blessing prayer. ([[DS9]]: "[[Resurrection]]")
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::Chanted by Kai [[Winn Adami|Winn]] and fellow Bajorans in the hours before the [[Reckoning]]. ({{DS9|The Reckoning}})
   
[[Category:Languages]]
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*'''Meeh rak Dorah Pah-wran... Ee-toi... Velah-slah... Pah-wran amar... Pah-wran Evak-too...'''
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::Ancient Bajoran chanted by a [[Cult of the Pah-wraiths|Pah-wraith Cult]] [[Bajoran assassin 001|Bajoran Assassin]] to [[Benjamin Sisko]], before attempting to kill him. ({{DS9|Image in the Sand}})
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*'''Tarna pur-ono ull-kess pah-ran. lano ka'la bo'shar lanu.'''
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*'''Meek rak dorrah Pah-wran... Yelim cha ono kosst amojan... shay ta-hel ter-rah no'vala de-ram... aka'lu far che...'''
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::Chants from the [[Book of the Kosst Amojan]] ({{DS9|What You Leave Behind}})
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== Appendices ==
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=== Background information ===
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The spoken Bajoran language was often written by [[Ronald D. Moore]]. "''I just make it up,''" he laughed. "''I do it phonetically so it has a certain rhythm and sound in my head that I can tag as the way Bajorans sound.''" In scripts, Moore also provided an English translation of each verbalized use of the language, for the benefit of the actors. (''[[Star Trek: Deep Space Nine Companion]]'', p. 244)
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  +
The Bajoran script was designed by [[Doug Drexler]], who was senior scenic artist for the ''Deep Space Nine'' series. {{DrexFiles|2010/01/03/ancient-bajoran-starchart/#comment-23419}}
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In ultimately unused dialogue from the first draft script of {{DS9|The Changing Face of Evil}}, while [[Dukat]] (disguised as Bajoran [[farmer]] [[Anjohl Tennan]]) was trying to help Winn Adami in her attempt to understand the ''Book of the Kosst Amojan'', Adami skeptically commented, "''Since when does a simple farmer know how to read ancient Bajoran?''" In reply, Dukat claimed, "''I can pick out a few words,''" though he was thereafter dismissed by Winn.
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=== External link ===
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* {{mbeta}}
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[[de:Bajoranische Sprache]]
 
[[sv:Bajoranska]]
 
[[sv:Bajoranska]]
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[[Category:Languages]]
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[[Category:Bajor]]

Latest revision as of 23:06, October 2, 2018

Classroom alphabet 2

Parts of the Bajoran alphabet (lower right)

The Bajoran language family was a group of both extinct and existing languages and dialects used on Bajor.

Written language Edit

Bajoran script

Bajoran script

Bajoran script, Reckoning text

Example of written Bajoran, both ancient and modern, translation provided

The Bajoran written language consisted of square symbols which were composed of thick lines. There were a large number of different symbols which could be used in any of eight rotations (flipped and rotated each and every way). Bajoran tended to be written in horizontal lines, although it could be written vertically. (DS9: "Shadows and Symbols")

Bajoran writing was said to be ideographic, that was, each character represented a single thought or word pictured. Most forms of written Bajoran shared some root ideograms, as evidenced by the Reckoning Tablet. Each ancient Bajoran symbol translated into a pair of nearly identical modern Bajoran symbols. (DS9: "The Reckoning") Bajoran books are opened from left to right, though it is not clear that this is related to the direction of writing. (DS9: "The Changing Face of Evil").

Keiko O'Brien's classroom featured a chart depicting the English, the Ferengi, the Cardassian, and the Bajoran alphabet. The chart listed some twenty-five Bajoran language symbols. (DS9: "The Nagus", "In the Hands of the Prophets", "Cardassians")

Established words and phrases Edit

Religious terms Edit

Measurements Edit

Prayers Edit

  • Raka-ja ut shala morala... ema bo roo kana... uranak... ralanon (NAME)... propeh va nara ehsuk shala-kan vunek ...
(do not let him walk alone... guide him on his journey... protect... the one named (NAME)... take him into the gates of heaven... )
Duranja lamp prayer for the recently deceased (the translation comes from the script). (DS9: "Shakaar")
  • Ahn-kay ya, ay-ya vasu. Coh-ma-ra, di-nay-ya..
Bajoran death chant, repeated over and over again for approximately three hours. (DS9: "Battle Lines")
  • Tesra Peldor impatri bren. Bentel vetan ullon sten..
Presiders address at the Gratitude Festival. (DS9: "Fascination")
  • Jia'kaja, tre'nu'tol'a rem... La'por i'lanu kos... I'nar tan'a'tali nor....
Prayer to the prophets asking for protection or favor. (DS9: "Starship Down")
  • Zhia'kala, tar'eh anu suur... te'von, aka'lu rez... ka'vor, mat'ana kel..
Marriage blessing by the Emissary. (DS9: "Accession")
  • Boray pree hadokee. Tolata impara boresh. Preeya (GROOM'S NAME), Preeya (BRIDE'S NAME), abrem varo atel..
Traditional marriage blessing used in conjuction with a simple ceremony. (DS9: "Call to Arms")
  • lata impara no takash... with humility and gratitude, we accept this gift... Veshanoo yavar ha iktasho... the sacred Orb of Prophecy.
Orb blessing prayer. (DS9: "Resurrection")
  • (Prayer leader) Tera dak ihsehelm ran embah... (ALL) de-ram ta-MEEN!
Chanted by Kai Winn and fellow Bajorans in the hours before the Reckoning. (DS9: "The Reckoning")
  • Meeh rak Dorah Pah-wran... Ee-toi... Velah-slah... Pah-wran amar... Pah-wran Evak-too...
Ancient Bajoran chanted by a Pah-wraith Cult Bajoran Assassin to Benjamin Sisko, before attempting to kill him. (DS9: "Image in the Sand")
  • Tarna pur-ono ull-kess pah-ran. lano ka'la bo'shar lanu.
  • Meek rak dorrah Pah-wran... Yelim cha ono kosst amojan... shay ta-hel ter-rah no'vala de-ram... aka'lu far che...
Chants from the Book of the Kosst Amojan (DS9: "What You Leave Behind")

Appendices Edit

Background information Edit

The spoken Bajoran language was often written by Ronald D. Moore. "I just make it up," he laughed. "I do it phonetically so it has a certain rhythm and sound in my head that I can tag as the way Bajorans sound." In scripts, Moore also provided an English translation of each verbalized use of the language, for the benefit of the actors. (Star Trek: Deep Space Nine Companion, p. 244)

The Bajoran script was designed by Doug Drexler, who was senior scenic artist for the Deep Space Nine series. [1](X)

In ultimately unused dialogue from the first draft script of DS9: "The Changing Face of Evil", while Dukat (disguised as Bajoran farmer Anjohl Tennan) was trying to help Winn Adami in her attempt to understand the Book of the Kosst Amojan, Adami skeptically commented, "Since when does a simple farmer know how to read ancient Bajoran?" In reply, Dukat claimed, "I can pick out a few words," though he was thereafter dismissed by Winn.

External link Edit

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