The ceremony (2161)

Captain Jonathan Archer, a speaker at the ceremony

An admiral in attendance of the ceremony

Some attendees at the ceremony

The Federation Founding Ceremony was held in 2161 to lawfully establish the United Federation of Planets. (TNG: "The Outcast")

The ceremony was located in San Francisco, Earth and was attended by dignitaries from eighteen different worlds. It was here that the Charter of the United Federation of Planets was signed by Earth, Tellar Prime, Vulcan, and Andoria.

The ceremony was a festive occasion and many people looked forward to serving in this new "coalition." Famed Enterprise Captain Jonathan Archer was a speaker and signer at the ceremony. (ENT: "Zero Hour", "These Are the Voyages...")

The anniversary of the ceremony became to be observed as Federation Day. (TNG: "The Outcast")

Attendees at the ceremony

Appendices

Background information

There remains some confusion as to whether or not this ceremony ended with the incorporation of the Federation, since Deanna Troi, referring to the ceremony, stated in "These Are The Voyages..." that "This alliance will lead to the Federation." This line is ambiguous, however, and may simply be Troi's characterization of the Federation's initial de facto, if not de jure, nature. It should be noted, however, that at no time do any of the 22nd century characters seen in "These Are the Voyages..." use the term "Federation", referring to it instead as a "coalition" or an "alliance". Furthermore, Troi's line was the only reference to the Federation in the episode's final draft script.

According to a newspaper clipping titled "It's Federation Day!" created for the Picard family album in Star Trek Generations, but not seen on-screen, the Constitution of the United Federation of Planets was formally signed in San Francisco by five dignitaries, representing Earth, Tellar, Vulcan, Andor, and Alpha Centauri, on October 11, 2161. These dignitaries were outspoken on the Earth-Romulan War. Representatives at the ceremony included:

Immediately after the ceremony, the Federation Council met for the first time and elected the President and Vice-President.

Apocrypha

In the Enterprise novel Last Full Measure by Michael A. Martin and Andy Mangels, it is established that the depicted ceremony is, indeed, the founding of the Federation, and that it took place in San Francisco's Candlestick Auditorium on 12 August 2161. Nathan Samuels, Soval, T'Pau, Gral, and others are described as signing the Federation Charter.

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