The Leonardo da Vinci hologram wanted to move to early 16th century France from Florence, because he thought the Florentines weren't able to grasp his genius and that the king of France would be a better patron. Two prominent French cities Leonardo had interest in were the capital city Paris and Avignon. (VOY: "Concerning Flight")
In the early 19th century, France was ruled by Napoléon Bonaparte. During his reign, France fought the losing Battle of Trafalgar against the British under Horatio Nelson and was finally defeated at Waterloo. (TOS: "Space Seed"; TNG: "The Best of Both Worlds"; Star Trek Generations; VOY: "The Thaw")
In 2024, France was rocked by student unrest. Although the Neo-Trotskyites had taken over the government from the Gaullists, both governments could not quell the unrest. The disturbances caused a group of tourists to cancel their trip to the French Alps. (DS9: "Past Tense, Part I")
- Avignon (TNG: "Chain of Command, Part II"; VOY: "Concerning Flight")
- Dunkirk (PIC: "Remembrance")
- Epernay (Star Trek Generations)
- La Barre (TNG: "Family")
- Sainte Claire (VOY: "The Killing Game")
- Café des Artistes (TNG: "We'll Always Have Paris")
- Avenue des Champs-Élysées (TNG: "Imaginary Friend"; Star Trek: First Contact)
- Eiffel Tower (TNG: "We'll Always Have Paris"; Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country; DS9: "Homefront", "Paradise Lost")
- Hippodrome de Longchamp (Bois de Boulogne) (TNG: "The Emissary")
- Louis Pasteur's house (DS9: "Distant Voices")
- Federation President's office (Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country; DS9: "Homefront", "Paradise Lost")
- The Club Ingénue from the holo-program Julian Bashir, Secret Agent was also located in Paris. (DS9: "Our Man Bashir")
In Dangerous Ground, Doctor John Rawley spent some of his four years after graduating from Johns Hopkins in this country. During his stay in France, Dr. Rawley studied psychiatry. (TNG: "The Big Goodbye")
Pages created for the Picard family album, but not used on-screen, referred to the French cities of Strasbourg and Saumur. They also placed La Barre, and consequently France, as being located within the European Union in 2234.
While this could not be made out on screen, the Café des Artistes menu contained the phrase "Cinquant million Français n'est pas wrong" (50 million French can't be wrong), possibly hinting at the population of the country in the 24th century. That number would be somewhat less than the current population which is around 67 million.
Star Trek in France
Star Trek didn't air on French television until 1982. Only thirteen episodes were broadcast at the time on TF1; twelve weekly from 2 January 1982 to 20 March 1982, with one broadcast on 26 December 1982: "Catspaw", "Assignment: Earth", "The Deadly Years", "The Immunity Syndrome", "Tomorrow is Yesterday", "Wink of an Eye", "The City on the Edge of Forever", "Whom Gods Destroy", "The Mark of Gideon", "Errand of Mercy", "The Doomsday Machine", "The Lights of Zetar", and "The Tholian Web". The remaining 66 episodes aired in 1986 on the channel La Cinq.
TOS was the only Star Trek series to air on French terrestrial television. Star Trek: The Next Generation aired on the cable and satellite channel Canal Jimmy in 1996, followed by Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Star Trek: Voyager in 1998 and Star Trek: Enterprise in 2004.