The Fundamental Declarations of the Martian colonies was a historical legal document from Mars history. Laws pertaining to the Human rights of the accused were enumerated in this document.

It was one of multiple legal authorities cited by Attorney-at-Law Samuel T. Cogley at Captain Kirk's general court martial in 2267. (TOS: "Court Martial")


Background information

In the script of "Court Martial", this document was called "Fundamental Declaration of the Martian Colonies", though Cogley, when he says the name in the episode, pluralizes the second word in the name.

During the fourth season of Star Trek: Enterprise, the show's writing staff hoped to do a story about this historic event, but the episode never materialized. The idea was that Mars would aim comets used for terraforming at Earth, in a Cuban missile crisis-type scenario. Some elements of the story found their way into "Terra Prime". ("Terra Prime" audio commentary, ENT Season 4 Blu-ray special features)


A conjectural version of the declaration was printed in the Star Trek Spaceflight Chronology, which dated it to 2062.

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