In the script of "Court Martial", this document was called "Fundamental Declaration of the Martian Colonies", though Cogley, when he says the name in the episode, pluralizes the second word in the name.
During the fourth season of Star Trek: Enterprise, the show's writing staff hoped to do a story about this historic event, but the episode never materialized. The idea was that Mars would aim comets used for terraforming at Earth, in a Cuban missile crisis-type scenario. Some elements of the story found their way into "Terra Prime". ("Terra Prime" audio commentary, ENT Season 4 Blu-ray special features)