FANDOM


m (United Earth: replaced pic with one we already had)
(- image sizing specifications; - duplicitive wiki; + episode reference conformation per MA:CYS; + wiki; - typo; + capitalization)
Line 1: Line 1:
'''[[Human]] history''' has been recorded for over thousands of years. Traditionally, the ancient Egyptian kingdom is considered one of the [[Earth]]'s earliest civilizations, preceded by empires such as those of Sumeria and Babylon in Mesopotamia, today's Near East. Some historians hold on to the believe that centuries prior to the establishment of these civilizations, great empires such as those of Mu, Shambhala and Atlantis flourished. Little evidence exists for the existence of such ancient realms, save for written records of which the validty remains disputed.
+
'''[[Human]] history''' has been recorded for over thousands of years. Traditionally, the ancient Egyptian kingdom is considered one of the [[Earth]]'s earliest civilizations, preceded by empires such as those of Sumeria and Babylon in Mesopotamia, today's Near East. Some historians hold on to the believe that centuries prior to the establishment of these civilizations, great empires such as those of Mu, Shambhala and Atlantis flourished. Little evidence exists for the existence of such ancient realms, save for written records of which the validty remains disputed.
   
 
==The Distant Past==
 
==The Distant Past==
[[Image:EarlyEarth.jpg|thumb|left|155px|Earth in the distant past.]] Approximately [[Distant Past|3.5 billion years ago]], amino acids combined to the first proteins in the region of Earth which would later form modern [[France]]. It is the first life on the [[planet]], which would one day evolve into the [[human]] species. ''([[TNG]]: "[[All Good Things...]])''
+
[[Image:EarlyEarth.jpg|thumb|left|Earth in the distant past]]
  +
Approximately [[Distant Past|3.5 billion years ago]], amino acids combined to the first proteins in the region of Earth which would later form modern [[France]]. It is the first life on the [[planet]], which would one day evolve into the [[Human]] species. ([[TNG]]: "[[All Good Things...]]")
   
 
==The Classical Period==
 
==The Classical Period==
Approximately 5000 years ago, Earth was visited by aliens who settled in the region near [[Greece]] and the Mediterranean sea. They were worshipped by the ancient [[Greek mythology|Greeks as gods]]. ([[TOS]]: "[[Who Mourns for Adonais?]]") In the Greek city-state of Athens, democracy was first practiced; a form of state which even by the [[24th century]] still forms the basis of [[Federation]] politics. However, some viewed Athens as an indecisive state and it was later conquered by Sparta, a Greek city-state which was fond of war. Sparta's victory, though, was a Pyrrhic one and in a single generation its hegemony over Greece fell apart. In the following political turmoil, Greece would be overran by Philip II of Macedon, father of [[Alexander the Great]].
+
Approximately 5000 years ago, Earth was visited by aliens who settled in the region near [[Greece]] and the Mediterranean sea. They were worshipped by the ancient [[Greek mythology|Greeks as gods]]. In the Greek city-state of Athens, democracy was first practiced; a form of state which even by the [[24th century]] still forms the basis of [[Federation]] politics. However, some viewed Athens as an indecisive state and it was later conquered by Sparta, a Greek city-state which was fond of war. Sparta's victory, though, was a Pyrrhic one and in a single generation its hegemony over Greece fell apart. In the following political turmoil, Greece would be overran by Philip II of Macedon, father of [[Alexander the Great]]. ([[TOS]]: "[[Who Mourns for Adonais?]]")
   
Alexander would go on to conquer the Persian Empire and beyond, conquering Egypt and Mesopatamia and stretching his empire to India. However, he did not name a successor, and after his death, his empire fragmented into a decades' long civil war amongst his generals, who had styled themselves as kings. ([[TOS]]: "[[Requiem for Methuselah]]")
+
Alexander would go on to conquer the Persian Empire and beyond, conquering Egypt and Mesopatamia and stretching his empire to India. However, he did not name a successor, and after his death, his empire fragmented into a decades' long civil war amongst his generals, who had styled themselves as kings. ([[TOS]]: "[[Requiem for Methuselah]]")
''It would later be determined, by the [[23rd century]], that Alexander was, in fact, the role of an immortal human, named [[Flint]].''
 
   
As a result of the endless political turmoil within the Hellenistic World, each of the successor states of Alexander's Empire would fall one by one to the rising power of the [[Roman Republic]]. After fighting and defeating the empire of Carthage in the [[Early history|3rd century BCE]], Rome would rapidly conquer all of the other kingdoms by 146 BCE. Following a short period of civil war, Augustus, heir to the famous general [[Julius Caesar]], declared himself emperor and transformed the republic into the [[Roman Empire]].
+
''It would later be determined, by the [[23rd century]], that Alexander was, in fact, the role of an immortal Human, named [[Flint]].''
  +
  +
As a result of the endless political turmoil within the Hellenistic World, each of the successor states of Alexander's Empire would fall one by one to the rising power of the [[Roman Republic]]. After fighting and defeating the empire of Carthage in the [[Early history|3rd century BCE]], Rome would rapidly conquer all of the other kingdoms by 146 BCE. Following a short period of civil war, Augustus, heir to the famous general [[Julius Caesar]], declared himself emperor and transformed the republic into the [[Roman Empire]].
   
 
==Renaissance==
 
==Renaissance==
[[Image:Leonardo daVinci.jpg|thumb|132px|"Renaissance man" [[Leonardo Da Vinci]]; artist, engineering, inventor and scientist.]]
+
[[Image:Leonardo daVinci.jpg|thumb|"Renaissance man" [[Leonardo Da Vinci]]; artist, engineering, inventor and scientist]]
The fall of the Roman Empire almost a millennia later resulted in the beginning of the [[Europe]]an Dark Ages. These were marked by extreme political disunity, wars and a decrease in technological development and communications. The Renaissance (="rebirth") was enlighted by increasing trade contacts by Italian city-states with the Byzantine Empire, established in the Near East. [[Image:Mona Lisa.jpg|thumb|left|122px|Sketch of one of the period's most famous artworks: the "[[Mona Lisa]]".]]It led to Europe rediscovering its classical heritage, as Byzantium was once part of the greater Roman Empire. It was in these times that [[Galileo Galilei]] build his first astronomical telescope. His observations about the moon, planets in the solar system, the sun, and individual stars in the [[Milky Way Galaxy|galaxy]] confirmed Copernican theories that Earth indeed was not the center of the universe. Humanity's ancient impulse to understand the universe -- which had given rise to ancient religions and, in the best of circumstances, still guided those beliefs -- had evolved; empiricism would eventually come to dominate Humanity's understanding of the physical world.
+
  +
The fall of the Roman Empire almost a millennia later resulted in the beginning of the [[Europe]]an Dark Ages. These were marked by extreme political disunity, wars and a decrease in technological development and communications. The Renaissance ("rebirth") was enlighted by increasing trade contacts by Italian city-states with the Byzantine Empire, established in the Near East. [[Image:Mona_Lisa.jpg|thumb|left|Sketch of one of the period's most famous artworks: the "[[Mona Lisa]]".]] It led to Europe rediscovering its classical heritage, as Byzantium was once part of the greater Roman Empire. It was in these times that [[Galileo Galilei]] build his first astronomical telescope. His observations about the moon, planets in the solar system, the sun, and individual stars in the [[Milky Way Galaxy|galaxy]] confirmed Copernican theories that Earth indeed was not the center of the universe. Humanity's ancient impulse to understand the universe — which had given rise to ancient religions and, in the best of circumstances, still guided those beliefs — had evolved; empiricism would eventually come to dominate Humanity's understanding of the physical world.
   
 
==Imperialism and Revolution==
 
==Imperialism and Revolution==
By the 17th and 18th century, Europe's most powerful nations had colonized much of the world. Increasing discontent over British rule of its American colonies caused the outbreak of the American Revolution. In 1776, the [[United States of America]] was declared by the hand of Thomas Jefferson, whom in that year wrote the American Declaration of Independence -- a document that would form part of the basis for the Constitution of the [[Federation]] over three centuries later. ''([[TNG]]: "[[The Last Outpost]]")''
+
By the 17th and 18th century, Europe's most powerful nations had colonized much of the world. Increasing discontent over British rule of its American colonies caused the outbreak of the American Revolution. In 1776, the [[United States of America]] was declared by the hand of Thomas Jefferson, whom in that year wrote the American Declaration of Independence a document that would form part of the basis for the Constitution of the [[Federation]] over three centuries later. ([[TNG]]: "[[The Last Outpost]]")
   
The events in North America enlightened the French bourgeoisie to rebel against the Bourbon crown, eventually leading to the citizens of Paris to storm the Bastille prison on the 4th of July, 1789. In 1791, the new French Constitution was written, which gave the middle class of France more saying in the government. however, a year later, radical revolutionaries established a republic, murdering King Louis XVI by the guillotine. Their leader, Robespierre, installed the ''Terreure''. In the name of freedom, equality, and brotherhood, thousands of people from France's higher classes were murdered; palaces and churches devastated.
+
The events in North America enlightened the French bourgeoisie to rebel against the Bourbon crown, eventually leading to the citizens of Paris to storm the Bastille prison on the 4th of July, 1789. In 1791, the new French Constitution was written, which gave the middle class of France more saying in the government. However, a year later, radical revolutionaries established a republic, murdering King Louis XVI by the guillotine. Their leader, Robespierre, installed the ''Terreure''. In the name of freedom, equality, and brotherhood, thousands of people from France's higher classes were murdered; palaces and churches devastated. In 1794, Robespierre himself was killed, and in the midst of political chaos, the young army general [[Napoléon Bonaparte]] saw his chance to rise to power, installing himself as absolute ruler on the verge of the [[19th century]], in 1799. European powers would continue to vie for researches for decades to come. ([[TNG]]: "[[Hide and Q]]")
[[Image:Isaac_Newton_VOY.jpg|thumb|150px|Sir [[Isaac Newton]].]]In 1794, Robespierre himself was killed, and in the midst of political chaos, the young army general [[Napoléon Bonaparte]] saw his chance to rise to power, installing himself as absolute ruler on the verge of the [[19th century]], in 1799. European powers would continue to vie for researches for decades to come. ''([[TNG]]: "[[Hide and Q]]")''
 
   
It was also during the 17th century and 18th century, that Sir [[Isaac Newton]] revolutionized [[physics]]. ''([[VOY]]: "[[Death Wish]]")''
+
[[Image:Isaac_Newton_VOY.jpg|thumb|Sir Isaac Newton]]
  +
It was also during the 17th century and 18th century, that Sir [[Isaac Newton]] revolutionized [[physics]]. ([[VOY]]: "[[Death Wish]]")
   
 
==Restoration and War==
 
==Restoration and War==
Napoleon's imperialistic actions on the continent led to [[England]], Austria and [[Russia]] forming a coalition against the French general. Austrian and Russian armies were defeated by Napoleon's forces within a relatively short period of time. In 1806, the German Empire officially ceased to exist, and England tried to gather Prussia (the most powerful [[German]] principality) on its side. However, it became obvious England would soon have to face Napoleon on its own.
+
Napoleon's imperialistic actions on the continent led to [[England]], Austria and [[Russia]] forming a coalition against the French general. Austrian and Russian armies were defeated by Napoleon's forces within a relatively short period of time. In 1806, the German Empire officially ceased to exist, and England tried to gather Prussia (the most powerful [[German]] principality) on its side. However, it became obvious England would soon have to face Napoleon on its own.
 
In 1812, Bonaparte embarked with an expedition force of 600,000 men onto Russia, in order to conquer its capital city. Many of his troops, however, freezed to death in hazardous Russian winter, drastically decreasing his army in manpower, leaving Napoleon unable to defeat Russia once and for all. One year later, Napoleon was then defeated by the allies, with both Austria and Prussia joining forces with the British. Yet, in 1815, Napoleon again attempted to defeat his adversaries one last time. The Battle of Waterloo resulted in Frech defeat, and Napoleon was exiled to the island of St. Helena where he died in 1821.
 
   
Following Waterloo, the European old regime gathered at the Congress of Vienna. Their intention was to restore the situation in Europe as it had been before the [[French Revolution]]; they assumed that the revolutionary ideas would cease, that the revolution was a failed democratic experiment, and that monarchy was safely reconfirmed for Europe. The Bourbons returned to the French throne, Prussia annexed many of its neighbouring German regions, Austria annexed Italian Venice and Lombardy, and the [[Netherlands]] were joined together with today's [[Belgium]].
+
In 1812, Bonaparte embarked with an expedition force of 600,000 men onto Russia, in order to conquer its capital city. Many of his troops, however, freezed to death in hazardous Russian winter, drastically decreasing his army in manpower, leaving Napoleon unable to defeat Russia once and for all. One year later, Napoleon was then defeated by the allies, with both Austria and Prussia joining forces with the British. Yet, in 1815, Napoleon again attempted to defeat his adversaries one last time. The Battle of Waterloo resulted in Frech defeat, and Napoleon was exiled to the island of St. Helena where he died in [[1821]].
   
The nationalistic boast which the Europeans lived by in their contest with each other pointed almost inevitably to a test of wills and destinies, leading directly to the first world war. It had been going on since the late 1800s in the scramble for colonies in Africa and Asia. Now with that playing field fully exploited, it was inevitable that the Europeans should test their energies on eachother within Europe itself.
+
Following Waterloo, the European old regime gathered at the Congress of Vienna. Their intention was to restore the situation in Europe as it had been before the [[French Revolution]]; they assumed that the revolutionary ideas would cease, that the revolution was a failed democratic experiment, and that monarchy was safely reconfirmed for Europe. The Bourbons returned to the French throne, Prussia annexed many of its neighbouring German regions, Austria annexed Italian Venice and Lombardy, and the [[Netherlands]] were joined together with today's [[Belgium]].
   
[[Image:First World War.jpg|thumb|150px|The first world war embarked a new era in technological warfare. No previous conflict had mobilized so many soldiers or involved so many in the field of battle.]]
+
The nationalistic boast which the Europeans lived by in their contest with each other pointed almost inevitably to a test of wills and destinies, leading directly to the first world war. It had been going on since the late 1800s in the scramble for colonies in Africa and Asia. Now with that playing field fully exploited, it was inevitable that the Europeans should test their energies on each other within Europe itself.
[[Image:German Fokker airplane.jpg|thumb|150px|[[Airplane]]s were for the first time deployed for combat during World War I.]]
 
The first world war started in [[1914]] when the Austrian archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated in Sarajevo by Bosnian nationalists. Servia refused to extradite the archduke's murderer, and therefore Austria-Hungary declared war on Servia, with Germany's support. Russia, Servia's closest ally, declared war on Austria-Hungary and Germany, and Russia was therein supported by France. [[United Kingdom|Britain]] was involved in the war when Germany violated Belgium's neutrality to invade France from the north. The Ottomon Empire, as Germany's ally, supported the central powers. [[Italy]], though an ally of Germany and Austria, declared war on both in [[1915]].
 
   
The United States jumped into the war in late [[1917]] and provided just enough weight to break a gruesome three-year stalemate -– so that the war mercifully came to an end in [[1918]]. President Wilson tried to give victory some lofty moral qualities, but few people bought the idea, either in Europe or in [[North America|America]]. All Wilson's fine rhetoric at the peace conferences could not dismiss the deep cynicism that had come to replace the westerners' usual optimism. In [[1919]], a peace treaty was signed in the French city of Versailles, known as the Treaty of Versailles, which was to ensure peace for further generations.
+
[[Image:First World War.jpg|thumb|The first world war embarked a new era in technological warfare. No previous conflict had mobilized so many soldiers or involved so many in the field of battle.]]
  +
[[Image:German Fokker airplane.jpg|thumb|[[Airplane]]s were for the first time deployed for combat during World War I.]]
  +
The first world war started in [[1914]] when the Austrian archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated in Sarajevo by Bosnian nationalists. Servia refused to extradite the archduke's murderer, and therefore Austria-Hungary declared war on Servia, with Germany's support. Russia, Servia's closest ally, declared war on Austria-Hungary and Germany, and Russia was therein supported by France. [[United Kingdom|Britain]] was involved in the war when Germany violated Belgium's neutrality to invade France from the north. The Ottomon Empire, as Germany's ally, supported the central powers. [[Italy]], though an ally of Germany and Austria, declared war on both in [[1915]]. The United States entered the war in late [[1917]] and provided just enough weight to break a gruesome three-year stalemate — so that the war mercifully came to an end in [[1918]].
   
 
==World War II and Cold War==
 
==World War II and Cold War==
[[Image:AdolfHitler1944.jpg|thumb|150px|[[Adolf Hitler]] in the year [[1944]] of an [[alternate timeline]], visiting the city of New York.]] [[Germany|German]] discontent over its defeat in the first world war, combined with the world-wide [[Great Depression]] and the severe punishment brought upon the nation by the Allies, allowed the rise to power of the [[Nazi]] Party, under the leadership of [[Adolf Hitler]], who became [[Chancellor]] of Germany in [[1933]]. Under Hitler's genocidal leadership, the country soon became militaristic, invading several of its neighbouring nations while embarking upon a campaign to murder every single Jew on the face of the Earth -- the "Holocaust". In [[1939]], war was declared by Britain and France, following the German invasion of Poland, leading to the outbreak of [[World War II]]. ''([[ENT]]: "[[Storm Front|Storm Front, Part I]] and [[Storm Front, Part II|Part II]]")''
+
[[Image:AdolfHitler1944.jpg|thumb|Adolf Hitler in the year [[1944]] of an [[alternate timeline]], visiting the city of [[New York]]]]
  +
[[Germany|German]] discontent over its defeat in the first world war, combined with the world-wide [[Great Depression]] and the severe punishment brought upon the nation by the Allies, allowed the rise to power of the [[Nazi]] Party, under the leadership of [[Adolf Hitler]], who became [[Chancellor]] of Germany in [[1933]]. Under Hitler's genocidal leadership, the country soon became militaristic, invading several of its neighbouring nations while embarking upon a campaign to murder every single Jew on the face of the Earth — the "Holocaust". In [[1939]], war was declared by Britain and France, following the German invasion of Poland, leading to the outbreak of [[World War II]]. ([[ENT]]: "[[Storm Front|Storm Front, Part I]] & [[Storm Front, Part II|Part II]]")''
   
[[Image:Vietnam War bomber.jpg|thumb|150px|During the Vietnam War, massive use was made of chemical weapons, fired from airplane bombers on both military and civilian targets.]]
+
[[Image:Vietnam War bomber.jpg|thumb|During the Vietnam War, massive use was made of chemical weapons, fired from airplane bombers on both military and civilian targets.]]
World War II resulted in German defeat. Though the allies established an international organization known as the [[United Nations]] in an attempt to promote world peace, an awkward situation resulted as the [[Soviet Union]] and the United States refused to retreat from the parts of Europe they had freed from the Germans, and now held occupied -- fearful that the other might try to take over their war gains. The United States, with reduced troop number in Europe but with a newly acquired [[atomic bomb|nuclear weapon]] in hand, defied the USSR to come any further west, or the meddle in the affairs of the liberal democractic governments there. Likewise, the Soviets defied the United States to intervene as the Soviet military occupation replaced the governments in the eastern sector with Stalinist regimes. Shortly afterwards, the USSR successfully tested their first nuclear weapon. Fearing that Russia would soon destroy them, the United States built hundreds of nuclear weapons, as did the Soviet Union. By the end of the [[Earth Cold War|Cold War]], as this period of history became known, the US and USSR had enough nuclear weapons to destroy all life on Earth several times over. By [[1968]], a man named [[Gary Seven]], using advanced alien technology, was sent to Earth make sure mankind did not destroy itself with [[nuclear weapon]]s. ''([[TOS]]: "[[Assignment: Earth]]")''
+
World War II resulted in German defeat. Though the allies established an international organization known as the [[United Nations]] in an attempt to promote world peace, an awkward situation resulted as the [[Soviet Union]] and the United States refused to retreat from the parts of Europe they had freed from the Germans, and now held occupied fearful that the other might try to take over their war gains. The United States, with reduced troop number in Europe but with a newly acquired [[atomic bomb|nuclear weapon]] in hand, defied the USSR to come any further west, or the meddle in the affairs of the liberal democractic governments there. Likewise, the Soviets defied the United States to intervene as the Soviet military occupation replaced the governments in the eastern sector with Stalinist regimes. Shortly afterwards, the USSR successfully tested their first nuclear weapon. Fearing that Russia would soon destroy them, the United States built hundreds of nuclear weapons, as did the Soviet Union. By the end of the [[Earth Cold War|Cold War]], as this period of history became known, the US and USSR had enough nuclear weapons to destroy all life on Earth several times over. By [[1968]], a man named [[Gary Seven]], using advanced alien technology, was sent to Earth make sure mankind did not accomplish just that. ([[TOS]]: "[[Assignment: Earth]]")
   
[[Image:Sputnik I.jpg|thumb|left|80px|Sputnik I in orbit.]]
+
[[Image:Sputnik I.jpg|thumb|left|Sputnik I in Earth orbit]]
This "Cold War" also brought a number of new technologies, and initiated a "battle for space" between the two greater powers. In [[1957]], the Soviet Union was the first to bring an artificial satellite, the [[Sputnik I]] in orbit around Earth. ''([[ENT]]: "[[Carbon Creek]]")'' Four years later, in [[1961]], the Soviet Union was also the first to bring a human in space; Yuri Gagarin. In [[1969]], the United States was the first to land a man on the [[Luna|moon]]. ''([[TOS]]: "[[Tomorrow is Yesterday]]")''
+
This "Cold War" also brought a number of new technologies, and initiated a "battle for space" between the two greater powers. In [[1957]], the Soviet Union was the first to bring an artificial satellite, the [[Sputnik I]] in orbit around Earth. Four years later, in [[1961]], the Soviet Union was also the first to bring a Human in space; Yuri Gagarin. In [[1969]], the United States was the first to land a man on [[Luna|the moon]]. ([[ENT]]: "[[Carbon Creek]]"; [[TOS]]: "[[Tomorrow is Yesterday]]")
   
 
==Eugenics Wars==
 
==Eugenics Wars==
:''Main article: [[Eugenics Wars]].''
+
: ''Main article: [[Eugenics Wars]].''
[[Image:Khansingh2266.jpg|thumb|140px|[[Khan Noonien Singh]].]]
+
[[Image:Khansingh2266.jpg|thumb|Khan Noonien Singh]]
Earth's late-[[20th century]] genetic engineering produced a breed of superior people, eventually resulting in the devastating [[Eugenics Wars]]. The conflict's roots lay in a group of scientists' ambitious attempt to improve the human race through selective breeding and genetic engineering. A race of supermen, populary known as [[Augment]]s, was created, being stronger, faster and more intelligent than normal humans.
+
Earth's late-[[20th century]] genetic engineering produced a breed of superior people, eventually resulting in the devastating [[Eugenics Wars]]. The conflict's roots lay in a group of scientists' ambitious attempt to improve the Human race through selective breeding and genetic engineering. A race of supermen, populary known as [[Augment]]s, was created, being stronger, faster and more intelligent than normal Humans.
   
Rising to power among others of his kind, the Indian prince [[Khan Noonien Singh]]'s ambition helped forment the Eugenics Wars that involved much of Earth's third world, eventually leading to upwards of 30 to 37 million deaths.
+
Rising to power among others of his kind, [[Khan Noonien Singh]]'s ambition helped forment the Eugenics Wars that involved much of Earth's third world, eventually leading to upwards of 30 to 37 million deaths.
   
Hostilities brook out in [[1993]], when Khan and his forces seized control of fourty Earth nations. By [[1996]], Khan ruled a quarter of the planet from the Near to the Far East. As western military forced attacked Khan's empire, terribly wars ensued, both between the west and the Augments, as well as between rival supermen. Entire populations were bombed out of existence, while hostilities spread as far as northern [[Africa]]. In late 1996, Khan's empire -- the last of the Augments' nations to fall -- was defeated by combined western military forces. Thousands of Augment embryos were placed in cryogenic suspension, while over eighty of the tyrants were unaccounted for; a fact the western governments succesfully hid from the general population in order to avoid the outbreak of widespread panic. It was not until [[2267]] that Khan and his followers were discovered adrift in a [[sleeper ship]], apparently having succesfully fled the planet shortly after the eugenics conflict. ''([[TOS]]: "[[Space Seed]], [[ENT]]: "[[Borderland]]," "[[Cold Station 12]]" and "[[The Augments]]")''
+
Hostilities brook out in [[1993]], when Khan and his forces seized control of fourty Earth nations. By [[1996]], Khan ruled a quarter of the planet from the Near to the Far East. As western military forced attacked Khan's empire, terribly wars ensued, both between the west and the Augments, as well as between rival supermen. Entire populations were bombed out of existence, while hostilities spread as far as northern [[Africa]]. In late 1996, Khan's empire the last of the Augments' nations to fall was defeated by combined western military forces. Thousands of Augment embryos were placed in cryogenic suspension, while over eighty of the tyrants were unaccounted for; a fact the western governments succesfully hid from the general population in order to avoid the outbreak of widespread panic. It was not until [[2267]] that Khan and his followers were discovered adrift in a [[sleeper ship]], apparently having succesfully fled the planet shortly after the eugenics conflict. ([[ENT]]: "[[Borderland]]", "[[Cold Station 12]]", "[[The Augments]]"; [[TOS]]: "[[Space Seed]])
   
''Two novels by author Greg Cox detail the Eugenics Wars and how they might fit into actual history, [[The Eugenics Wars: The Rise and Fall of Khan Noonien Singh, Volume One]] and [[The Eugenics Wars: The Rise and Fall of Khan Noonien Singh, Volume Two|Volume Two]]. Surprisingly, none of the facts established by ''Enterprise'' about the Eugenics Wars contradict Cox's novels, though they are, of course, still non-[[canon]]ical.
+
''Two novels by author Greg Cox detail the Eugenics Wars and how they might fit into actual history, [[The Eugenics Wars: The Rise and Fall of Khan Noonien Singh, Volume One]] and [[The Eugenics Wars: The Rise and Fall of Khan Noonien Singh, Volume Two|Volume Two]]. Surprisingly, none of the facts established by ''Enterprise'' about the Eugenics Wars contradict Cox's novels, though they are, of course, still non-[[canon]]ical.''
   
 
==Increasing Political Unrest==
 
==Increasing Political Unrest==
 
:''Main article: [[Bell Riots]].''
 
:''Main article: [[Bell Riots]].''
In [[2024]], Europe was thrown into tumult by student riots, and the emergence of radical political philosphies such as the [[Neo-Trotskyism|Neo-Trotskyist]] movement. Many people in the United States believed such social ills were confined to Europe but they would shortly be proved wrong by the Bell Riots.
+
In [[2024]], Europe was thrown into tumult by student riots, and the emergence of radical political philosphies such as the [[Neo-Trotskyism|Neo-Trotskyist]] movement. Many people in the United States believed such social ills were confined to Europe but they would shortly be proved wrong by the Bell Riots.
   
[[Image:GabrielBell.jpg|thumb|115px|[[Gabriel Bell]].]]
+
[[Image:GabrielBell.jpg|thumb|Gabriel Bell]]
The Federal Employment Act was repealled in the United States, and [[Sanctuary District]]s were established in all of its major cities. These districts were originally created to help America's massive homeless and jobless population, with parts of cities being walled off. Instead, the districts became little more than prisions for the destitute and the mentally ill. In September of [[2024]], mounting tensions in the Sanctuary Districts culminated in the [[Bell Riots]]. Government hostages were taken by the residents of [[San Francisco]]'s Sanctuary District A. Rioting occured when the government moved to quell the protests, but thanks to the sacrifice of [[Gabriel Bell]], a Santuary District resident and protestor, none of the hostages were killed. Details of the inhumane treatment of district residents reached the planetary Internet, contributing to the political unrest of the mid-[[21st century]]. ''([[DS9]]: "[[Past Tense, Part I]] and [[Past Tense, Part II|Part II]]")''
+
The Federal Employment Act was repealled in the United States, and [[Sanctuary District]]s were established in all of its major cities. These districts were originally created to help America's massive homeless and jobless population, with parts of cities being walled off. Instead, the districts became little more than prisions for the destitute and the mentally ill. In September of [[2024]], mounting tensions in the Sanctuary Districts culminated in the [[Bell Riots]]. Government hostages were taken by the residents of [[San Francisco]]'s Sanctuary District A. Rioting occured when the government moved to quell the protests, but thanks to the sacrifice of [[Gabriel Bell]], a Santuary District resident and protestor, none of the hostages were killed. Details of the inHumane treatment of district residents reached the planetary Internet, contributing to the political unrest of the mid-[[21st century]]. ([[DS9]]: "[[Past Tense, Part I]] & [[Past Tense, Part II|Part II]]")
   
''According to [[Gene Roddenberry]]'s [[Star Trek: The Motion Picture (novel)|novelization]] of ''[[Star Trek: The Motion Picture]]'', the early-21st century was also the time in which the bloodly Mind Control Revolts took place. They were ought to have occured from [[2043]] until [[2047]], upon which [[Mind control|behaviour control]] technology was abandoned.''
+
''According to [[Gene Roddenberry]]'s [[Star Trek: The Motion Picture (novel)|novelization]] of ''[[Star Trek: The Motion Picture]]'', the early-21st century was also the time in which the bloodly Mind Control Revolts took place. They were ought to have occured from [[2043]] until [[2047]], upon which [[Mind control|behaviour control]] technology was abandoned.''
   
 
==Exploration of Space==
 
==Exploration of Space==
[[Image:AresIV.jpg|thumb|130px|The ''[[Ares IV]]'' command module in orbit over [[Mars]].]]
+
[[Image:AresIV.jpg|thumb|The ''Ares IV'' command module in orbit over Mars]]
After advances in sublight propulsion rendered [[sleeper ship]]s a thing of the past in [[2018]], manned and unmanned exploration of space further advanced. ''([[TOS]]: "[[Space Seed]]")'' In [[2032]], a succesful manned mission to [[Mars]], ''[[Ares IV]]'', took place. Although the commed module was lost in a [[graviton ellipse]] this mission was considered as a precursor for humankind's further exploration of space. ''([[VOY]]: "[[One Small Step]]")'' In [[2037]], the ''[[Charybdis]]'' was launched, Earth's first attempt of bringing Humans beyond the [[Sol system]]. Unfortunately the contact to the ship was lost in [[2038]], but unknown at the time, the ship was swept off course by an unknown alien force and finally reached the [[Theta 116 system]]. ''([[TNG]]: "[[The Royale]]")''
+
After advances in sublight propulsion rendered [[sleeper ship]]s a thing of the past in [[2018]], manned and unmanned exploration of space further advanced. In [[2032]], a succesful manned mission to [[Mars]], ''[[Ares IV]]'', took place. Although the commed module was lost in a [[graviton ellipse]] this mission was considered as a precursor for Humankind's further exploration of space. In [[2037]], the ''[[Charybdis]]'' was launched, Earth's first attempt of bringing Humans beyond the [[Sol system]]. Unfortunately the contact to the ship was lost in [[2038]], but unknown at the time, the ship was swept off course by an unknown alien force and finally reached the [[Theta 116 system]]. ([[TOS]]: "[[Space Seed]]"; [[VOY]]: "[[One Small Step]]"; [[TNG]]: "[[The Royale]]")
   
 
==World War III==
 
==World War III==
 
:''Main article: [[World War III]].''
 
:''Main article: [[World War III]].''
By the mid-2000s, the international scene was deteriorating. The [[United Nations]] had been reorganized as the [[New United Nations]]. A number of nations joined together in a union known as the [[Eastern Coalition]], or ECON, which opposed the United States and its allies. Hostilities between the west and the east had been rising ever since the Eugenics Wars, and finally resulted in confrontation in the early [[2050s]]. This conflict between the major powers of North America and Europe versus the Eastern Coalition was fought mainly with nuclear and satellite weapons that were deployed against major population centres and military targets, resulting in a death toll of 600 million. The conflict soon escalated into full-blown nuclear holocaust, engulfing much of the globe and nearly returning human civilization to the Dark Ages. The subsequent collapse of the global economy, political systems, and the drastic environmental effects of the war devastated those nations which had escaped direct nuclear attack. ''([[Star Trek: First Contact]])''
+
By the mid-2000s, the international scene was deteriorating. The [[United Nations]] had been reorganized as the [[New United Nations]]. A number of nations joined together in a union known as the [[Eastern Coalition]], or ECON, which opposed the United States and its allies. Hostilities between the west and the east had been rising ever since the Eugenics Wars, and finally resulted in confrontation in the early [[2050s]]. This conflict between the major powers of North America and Europe versus the Eastern Coalition was fought mainly with nuclear and satellite weapons that were deployed against major population centres and military targets, resulting in a death toll of 600 million. The conflict soon escalated into full-blown nuclear holocaust, engulfing much of the globe and nearly returning Human civilization to the Dark Ages. The subsequent collapse of the global economy, political systems, and the drastic environmental effects of the war devastated those nations which had escaped direct nuclear attack. (''[[Star Trek: First Contact]]'')
   
Leaving most of the major governments collapsed, law and order soon degraded into a "guilty-until-proven-innocent", lawyer-free show trial system which lasted until [[2079]] in some parts of the world. ''([[Star Trek: First Contact]]'', [[TNG]]: "[[Encounter at Farpoint]]", "[[All Good Things...]]")''
+
With most of the major governments collapsed, law and order soon degraded into a "guilty-until-proven-innocent", lawyer-free show trial system which lasted until [[2079]] in some parts of the world. (''[[Star Trek: First Contact]]''; [[TNG]]: "[[Encounter at Farpoint]]", "[[All Good Things...]]")
   
''Which areas were hit by nuclear weaponry is unknown, but the fact that such Western cities as San Fransisco, [[Paris]], and [[New Orleans]], combined with the decidedly Asian appearance of the [[post-atomic horror]] trial audience and the surprising lack of references to prominent Eastern cities suggests that the Eastern Hemisphere may have been hurt the most by World War III. This would not play any major role in the following centuries.''
+
''Which areas were hit by nuclear weaponry is unknown, but the fact that such Western cities as San Fransisco, [[Paris]], and [[New Orleans]], combined with the decidedly Asian appearance of the [[post-atomic horror]] trial audience and the surprising lack of references to prominent Eastern cities suggests that the Eastern Hemisphere may have been hurt the most by World War III. This would not play any major role in the following centuries.''
   
''According to [[Gene Roddenberry]]'s [[Star Trek: The Motion Picture (novel)|novelization]] of ''[[Star Trek: The Motion Picture]]'', the Mediterranean region and north Africa had remained an island of human progress and tranquility during the savagery which had racked much of the rest of the world during the 21st century, partly due to the drastic alterations made to the old sea's character and the region surrounding it -- the fabled Mediterranean Sea was now hardly more than a long, slender lake which trailed off into the hazy blue distance in the direction from which it had just come. Human ingenuity had turned the region into a virtual garden, skillfully engineered climate alterations having profoundly improved the climate and character of the entire northern half of Africa. Population growth in the region had been compensated with underground city construction -- similar habitation centres were constructed throughout the world in the later half of the century.''
+
''According to [[Gene Roddenberry]]'s [[Star Trek: The Motion Picture (novel)|novelization]] of ''[[Star Trek: The Motion Picture]]'', the Mediterranean region and north Africa had remained an island of Human progress and tranquility during the savagery which had racked much of the rest of the world during the 21st century, partly due to the drastic alterations made to the old sea's character and the region surrounding it the fabled Mediterranean Sea was now hardly more than a long, slender lake which trailed off into the hazy blue distance in the direction from which it had just come. Human ingenuity had turned the region into a virtual garden, skillfully engineered climate alterations having profoundly improved the climate and character of the entire northern half of Africa. Population growth in the region had been compensated with underground city construction similar habitation centres were constructed throughout the world in the later half of the century.''
   
 
==United Earth==
 
==United Earth==
 
:''Main article: [[United Earth Government]].''
 
:''Main article: [[United Earth Government]].''
[[Image:ZeframCochrane2063-2.jpg|thumb|130px|Dr. Zefram Cochrane.]]
+
[[Image:ZeframCochrane2063-2.jpg|thumb|Dr. Zefram Cochrane]]
In this post-war period, [[First Contact]] launced a new era in human history as Dr. [[Zefram Cochrane]]'s first faster-than-light spaceflight of [[2063]] drew the attention of the neighbouring [[Vulcan]] race. As humanity rebuilt its world from the ashes of the devastating nuclear conflict, most forms of poverty and disease were eradicated from the planet within the next fifty years. However, global recovery was uneven, at least until the early [[2080s]], and some areas of the planet remained in a state of near-anarchy, especially south-east Asia and the Near East, which bore the brunt of the atomic holocaust. ''([[ENT]]: "[[Broken Bow]]" and [[TNG]]: "[[Encounter at Farpoint]]")''
+
In this post-war period, [[First Contact]] launced a new era in Human history as [[Doctor|Dr]]. [[Zefram Cochrane]]'s first faster-than-light spaceflight of [[2063]] drew the attention of the neighbouring [[Vulcan]] race. As Humanity rebuilt its world from the ashes of the devastating nuclear conflict, most forms of poverty and disease were eradicated from the planet within the next fifty years. However, global recovery was uneven, at least until the early [[2080s]], and some areas of the planet remained in a state of near-anarchy, especially south-east Asia and the Near East, which bore the brunt of the atomic holocaust. ([[ENT]]: "[[Broken Bow]]"; [[TNG]]: "[[Encounter at Farpoint]]")
   
As Earth gradually recovered from the war, humanity embarked on a massive wave of expansion into the galaxy. The first permanent extra-terrestial colony was established in the [[Alpha Centauri]] system in [[2078]], followed by [[Tau Ceti]] in [[2086]]. Serious colonization of Earth's moon Luna had begun by [[2103]], with the construction of [[New Berlin]] and [[Tycho City]]. ''([[ENT]]: "[[Twilight]]")''
+
As Earth gradually recovered from the war, Humanity embarked on a massive wave of expansion into the galaxy. The first permanent extra-terrestial colony was established in the [[Alpha Centauri]] system in [[2078]], followed by [[Tau Ceti]] in [[2086]]. Serious colonization of Earth's moon Luna had begun by [[2103]], with the construction of [[New Berlin]] and [[Tycho City]]. ([[ENT]]: "[[Twilight]]")
   
In [[2113]], the United Nations of Earth was founded in the former French capital of Paris, with the ultimate goal of forming a united planetary government based upon the principles of the former United Nations organization. Although several nations originally declined membership, all of Earth would find itself united under one single government body by the early-22nd century.
+
In [[2113]], the United Nations of Earth was founded in the former French capital of Paris, with the ultimate goal of forming a united planetary government based upon the principles of the former United Nations organization. Although several nations originally declined membership, all of Earth would find itself united under one single government body by the early-22nd century.
   
The [[United Earth Government]] soon established the [[Earth Starfleet]]: a civilian organization dedicated to exploration and scientific advancement. Although the Vulcans prevented Earth's [[warp]] program from evolving "too soon", Earth launched its first true [[starship]], the [[Enterprise (NX-01)|NX-01 ''Enterprise'']] in [[2151]]. ''([[ENT]]: "[[Broken Bow]]")'' The inventor of warp drive himself, Zefram Cochrane, disappeared in [[2119]], shortly after dedicating the [[Warp Five Complex]]. ''([[Star Trek: First Contact]] and [[TOS]]: "[[Metamorphosis]]")''
+
The [[United Earth Government]] soon established the [[Earth Starfleet]]: a civilian organization dedicated to exploration and scientific advancement. Although the Vulcans prevented Earth's [[warp]] program from evolving "too soon", Earth launched its first true [[starship]], the [[Enterprise (NX-01)|NX-01 ''Enterprise'']] in [[2151]]. The inventor of warp drive himself, Zefram Cochrane, disappeared in [[2119]], shortly after dedicating the [[Warp Five Complex]]. ([[ENT]]: "[[Broken Bow]]"; ''[[Star Trek: First Contact]]''; [[TOS]]: "[[Metamorphosis]]")
   
Eager to explore the stars, scores of starships were launched in an exuberant search for knowledge about the galaxy. As United Earth expanded its reach, it became a highly influential economic power, facilitating trade between most of the worlds of known space. In less than one hundred years, the human race grew from a struggling species on the brink of extinction into a significant role as leaders of the interstellar community. Expanding in all directions, continuously increasing their wealth and knowledge of the universe, humanity appeared to have a bright future in store.
+
Eager to explore the stars, scores of starships were launched in an exuberant search for knowledge about the galaxy. As United Earth expanded its reach, it became a highly influential economic power, facilitating trade between most of the worlds of known space. In less than one hundred years, the Human race grew from a struggling species on the brink of extinction into a significant role as leaders of the interstellar community. Expanding in all directions, continuously increasing their wealth and knowledge of the universe, Humanity appeared to have a bright future in store.
   
 
----
 
----
   
By the mid-[[22nd century]], Earth was rapidly growing to become a regional power in the [[Alpha Quadrant]]. At the time, [[Vulcan (planet)|Vulcan]] was one of the dominant races in the quadrant, being the political and military superpower of the region. However, the Vulcans' influence was constantly challenged by the neighbouring [[Andorian Empire]], as a state of cold war between the two remained in place until the [[2150s]].
+
By the mid-[[22nd century]], Earth was rapidly growing to become a regional power in the [[Alpha Quadrant]]. At the time, [[Vulcan (planet)|Vulcan]] was one of the dominant races in the quadrant, being the political and military superpower of the region. However, the Vulcans' influence was constantly challenged by the neighbouring [[Andorian Empire]], as a state of cold war between the two remained in place until the [[2150s]].
   
In 2151, the Vulcan monitoring station beneath the ancient monastery of [[P'Jem]] was discovered by the [[Andorian]]s, with the aid of the crew of the human starship [[Enterprise (NX-01)|NX-01 ''Enterprise'']]. Causing in a impairment of Earth-Vulcan relations, it also resulted in a growing mutual respect between Andoria and Earth. Shortly thereafter, the monastery was destroyed by Andorian orbital bombardment. This caused turmoil and upheaval on Vulcan, including the dismissal of the First Minister.
+
In 2151, the Vulcan monitoring station beneath the ancient monastery of [[P'Jem]] was discovered by the [[Andorian]]s, with the aid of the crew of the Human starship [[Enterprise (NX-01)|NX-01 ''Enterprise'']]. Causing in a impairment of Earth-Vulcan relations, it also resulted in a growing mutual respect between Andoria and Earth. Shortly thereafter, the monastery was destroyed by Andorian orbital bombardment. This caused turmoil and upheaval on Vulcan, including the dismissal of the [[First Minister]].
   
Subsequent to this crisis, the [[Vulcan High Command]] gained more control over civilian affairs. Under the leadership of [[Administrator]] [[V'Las]], the High Command persecuted the Syrrannite sect, which claimed that Vulcan no longer followed the true teachings of Surak, whos writings had been lost since The [[Time of Awakening]].
+
Subsequent to this crisis, the [[Vulcan High Command]] gained more control over civilian affairs. Under the leadership of [[Administrator]] [[V'Las]], the High Command persecuted the Syrrannite sect, which claimed that Vulcan no longer followed the true teachings of Surak, whose writings had been lost since The [[Time of Awakening]].
   
[[Image:VulcanHighCommandBuilding2154.jpg|thumb|Headquarters of the Vulcan High Command.]]
+
[[Image:VulcanHighCommandBuilding2154.jpg|thumb|Headquarters of the Vulcan High Command]]
[[Image:Battle of Regulus.jpg|thumb|The [[Battle of Regulus]].]]
+
[[Image:Battle of Regulus.jpg|thumb|The [[Battle of Regulus]]]]
In [[2154]], V'Las claimed to have proof that the Andorians were developping a superweapon, and planned to invade Andoria in order to pre-empt this threat. The Andorians, however, were warned in advance of the planned invasion by Vulcan Ambassador [[Soval]] and the crew of the Enterprise, so being able to prepare for attack. As the battle got underway, Captain [[Jonathan Archer]] of ''Enterprise'' and [[Syrrannite]]-leader [[T'Pau]] brought the [[Kir'Shara]] containing the original writings of Surak into the High Command's headquarters, justifying the Surrannites' position and enabling [[Kuvak|Minister Kuvak]] to challenge V'Las' increasingly illogical behaviour. In short order, the attack on Andoria was cancelled, V'Las deposed, and the High Command disbanded. Kuvak and T'Pau formed a new transitional government which promised to pursue peaceful policies, and also to end its restrictions on Earth's technological development and expansion.
+
In [[2154]], V'Las claimed to have proof that the Andorians were developping a superweapon, and planned to invade Andoria in order to pre-empt this threat. The Andorians, however, were warned in advance of the planned invasion by Vulcan Ambassador [[Soval]] and the crew of the Enterprise, so as to prepare for attack. As the battle got underway, Captain [[Jonathan Archer]] of ''Enterprise'' and [[Syrrannite]]-leader [[T'Pau]] brought the ''[[Kir'Shara]]'' containing the original writings of Surak into the High Command's headquarters, justifying the Surrannites' position and enabling [[Kuvak|Minister Kuvak]] to challenge V'Las' increasingly illogical behaviour. In short order, the attack on Andoria was cancelled, V'Las deposed, and the High Command disbanded. Kuvak and T'Pau formed a new transitional government which promised to pursue peaceful policies, and also to end its restrictions on Earth's technological development and expansion.
   
It was not known at this time that V'Las had been working in conjunction with Romulan agents, as part of a plan for reunification of Vulcan and Romulus. ''([[ENT]]: "[[The Forge]]", "[[Awakening]]" and "[[Kir'Shara (episode)|Kir'Shara]]")''
+
It was not known at this time that V'Las had been working in conjunction with Romulan agents, as part of a plan for reunification of Vulcan and Romulus. ([[ENT]]: "[[The Forge]]", "[[Awakening]]", "[[Kir'Shara (episode)|Kir'Shara]]")
   
Romulan interference would again be felt later that year, in November 2154, when a Romulan plot to destabilize the region had the opposite effect and created a temporary alliance among the Andorians, Humans, [[Tellarite]]s and Vulcans. The proceeding Babel trade conference helped bring peace to the strained Andorian-Tellarite relations. Possibly, this failed attempt to drive the four powers apart eventually resulted in the devastating Romulan War.
+
Romulan interference would again be felt later that year, in November 2154, when a Romulan plot to destabilize the region had the opposite effect and created a temporary alliance among the Andorians, Humans, [[Tellarite]]s and Vulcans. The proceeding Babel trade conference helped bring peace to the strained Andorian-Tellarite relations. Possibly, this failed attempt to drive the four powers apart eventually resulted in the devastating Romulan War.
   
 
==Romulan War==
 
==Romulan War==
 
:''Main article: [[Earth-Romulan War]].''
 
:''Main article: [[Earth-Romulan War]].''
The Romulan War has been one of the most bloodiest and fiercest conflicts in interstellar history. The war was in fact unique in many ways. Interstellar travel and communications were still in their infancy when the war started. Starships rarely exceeded Warp 4, and had to rely on automated torpedoes for communication. Subspace radio was inefficient, weaponry was limited to short-range phasers and warp-capable fusion missiles.
+
The Romulan War has been one of the most bloodiest and fiercest conflicts in interstellar history. The war was in fact unique in many ways. Interstellar travel and communications were still in their infancy when the war started. Starships rarely exceeded Warp 4, and had to rely on automated torpedoes for communication. Subspace radio was inefficient, weaponry was limited to short-range phasers and warp-capable fusion missiles.
   
Before the war, humans and [[Romulan]]s did not have contact with each other. The first direct communications were by subspace radio when the truce that ended the war was negotiated in [[2160]]. In addition, there was no personal contact of any kind. Ship-to-ship combat took place over distances of thousands of millions of kilometres, and colonies were either evacuated before attack of completely destroyed from orbit. United Earth intelligence had little success deciphering Romulan communications. In fact, what the enemy called themselves could not even be determined. They were given the name "Romulans" after the designation for the planet from which they were believed to have come. That the Romulans were an offshoot of the Vulcan race was not discovered until more than a century later.
+
Before the war, Humans and [[Romulan]]s did not have contact with each other. The first direct communications were by subspace radio when the truce that ended the war was negotiated in [[2160]]. In addition, there was no personal contact of any kind. Ship-to-ship combat took place over distances of thousands of millions of kilometres, and colonies were either evacuated before attack of completely destroyed from orbit. United Earth intelligence had little success deciphering Romulan communications. In fact, what the enemy called themselves could not even be determined. They were given the name "Romulans" after the designation for the planet from which they were believed to have come. That the Romulans were an offshoot of the Vulcan race was not discovered until more than a century later.
   
[[Image:Romulan Bird-of-Prey (ENT).jpg|thumb|160px|A Romulan [[Romulan Bird-of-Prey (22nd century)|''Bird-of-Prey'']].]]
+
[[Image:Romulan Bird-of-Prey (ENT).jpg|thumb|A Romulan ''Bird-of-Prey'']]
After being defeated at the [[Battle of Cheron]], the Romulans offered peace to Earth and its allies [[Andor]] and [[Tellar]]. The [[Romulan Neutral Zone]] was established as a buffer between the two powers. Until late in the [[24th century]], the zone remained one of the most heavily fortified borders in the known galaxy. Despite a certain degree of cooperation in the face of conquest by the [[Dominion]], the [[Romulan Star Empire]] and the Federation remained hardened adversaries. ''([[TOS]]: "[[Balance of Terror]]" and [[TNG]]: "[[The Defector]]")''
+
After being defeated at the [[Battle of Cheron]], the Romulans offered peace to Earth and its allies [[Andor]] and [[Tellar]]. The [[Romulan Neutral Zone]] was established as a buffer between the two powers. Until late in the [[24th century]], the zone remained one of the most heavily fortified borders in the known galaxy. Despite a certain degree of cooperation in the face of conquest by the [[Dominion]], the [[Romulan Star Empire]] and the Federation remained hardened adversaries. ([[TOS]]: "[[Balance of Terror]]"; [[TNG]]: "[[The Defector]]")
   
 
==United Federation of Planets==
 
==United Federation of Planets==
 
:''Main article: [[Federation history]].''
 
:''Main article: [[Federation history]].''
[[Image:United Federation of Planets logo.png|left|150px]]
+
[[Image:United Federation of Planets logo.png|thumb|left|The emblem of the United Federation of Planets]]
Immediately following Cheron, ambassadors of surrounding star nations met to discuss the idea of a grand unification. Delegations composed of [[Andorian]]s, Humans, [[Tellarite]]s, and [[Vulcan]]s came together for a historic seminar. What emerged after a conference in [[San Francisco]] was the blueprint constitution for the United Federation of Planets; a body dedicated to research, understanding and cooperation, with the exciting mandate for the mass exploration of space, supported by a specialist [[Starfleet]] agency, that, as well as being a defence mechanism for the federation, would conduct missions of discovery, with the ideal goal of contact with new worlds. ''([[ENT]]: "[[These Are the Voyages...]]")''
+
Immediately following Cheron, ambassadors of surrounding star nations met to discuss the idea of a grand unification. Delegations composed of [[Andorian]]s, Humans, [[Tellarite]]s, and [[Vulcan]]s came together for a historic seminar. What emerged after a conference in [[San Francisco]] was the blueprint constitution for the United Federation of Planets; a body dedicated to research, understanding and cooperation, with the exciting mandate for the mass exploration of space, supported by a specialist [[Starfleet]] agency, that, as well as being a defence mechanism for the federation, would conduct missions of discovery, with the ideal goal of contact with new worlds. ([[ENT]]: "[[These Are the Voyages...]]")
   
[[Image:FederationFoundation2161.jpg|thumb|175px|The Federation founding ceremony in San Francisco.]]
+
[[Image:FederationFoundation2161.jpg|thumb|The Federation founding ceremony in San Francisco]]
After the earlier paper work, diplomacy, and red tape had commenced to sort out the multi-facetted architecture needed for such a union to work, the United Federation of Planets was founded. First and foremost was the formation of a centralized [[Federation Council]]. Employing a full presidential system, the Federation Council would be the diplomatic, organizing and presiding governing body in control of federation affairs. The organization's headquarters location was voted as being San Francisco, which had for a century been the principal administrative centre of Earth affairs. ''([[ENT]]: "[[Zero Hour]]")''
+
After the earlier paper work, diplomacy, and red tape had commenced to sort out the multi-facetted architecture needed for such a union to work, the United Federation of Planets was founded. First and foremost was the formation of a centralized [[Federation Council]]. Employing a full presidential system, the Federation Council would be the diplomatic, organizing and presiding governing body in control of federation affairs. The organization's headquarters location was voted as being San Francisco, which had for a century been the principal administrative centre of Earth affairs. ([[ENT]]: "[[Zero Hour]]")
   
The [[Federation President|president]], meanwhile, taking control of the Council for no more than two four year terms, was elected from Federation Council member ambassadors on a rotational basis. The first president remarked on the aesthetically agreeable surroundings of the ancient European city of Paris and took residence there. As a tradition, the president of the Federation always resides in Paris. ''([[Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country]]")''
+
The [[Federation President|president]], meanwhile, taking control of the Council for no more than two four year terms, was elected from Federation Council member ambassadors on a rotational basis. The first president remarked on the aesthetically agreeable surroundings of the ancient European city of Paris and took residence there. As a tradition, the president of the Federation always resides in Paris. (''[[Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country]]'')
   
The Federation's guidelines were set about in the [[Federation Charter]]; the organization's constitution. This historic document, written in [[2161]], outlined the framework by which the Federation was to be governed -- based upon the Constitution of the United States of America, Earth (adopted in 1789), the Fundamental Declarations of the Colonies of Mars, and the Statutes of Alpha III.
+
The Federation's guidelines were set about in the [[Federation Charter]]; the organization's constitution. This historic document, written in [[2161]], outlined the framework by which the Federation was to be governed based upon the [[United States Constitution|Constitution of the United States of America]], Earth (adopted in 1789), the [[Fundamental Declarations of the Martian colonies|Fundamental Declarations of the Colonies of Mars]], and the [[Statutes of Alpha III]].
   
 
==Earth under the Federation==
 
==Earth under the Federation==
Following the establishment of the Federation, Earth became the target of a number of hostile foreign powers' wrath. Planetary emergencies were declared in [[2273]], when the artificial life-form known as [[V'Ger]] threatened all life on Earth, as did the [[Whale Probe]] in [[2286]]. ''([[Star Trek: The Motion Picture]], [[Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home]])'' Earth was threatened with [[assimilation]] into the [[Borg Collective]] in late [[2366]] and late [[2373]], and was threatened with destruction from a [[thalaron radiation]] weapon created by the [[Reman]] leadership [[Shinzon]] aboard his flagship, the ''[[Scimitar]]'' in [[2379]]. ''([[TNG]]: "[[The Best of Both Worlds, Part II]]"; [[Star Trek: First Contact]]; [[Star Trek: Nemesis]])'' In [[2375]], towards the end of the [[Dominion War]], Earth suffered a devestating attack at the hands of the [[Breen Confederacy]], which had just joined the [[Dominion]]; much of [[Starfleet Headquarters]]' offices in San Fransisco were destroyed, as was much of the city itself. Numerous other cities were severly damaged, with large casualties, though the Federation [[Starfleet]] managed to destroy all enemy ships. A direct military assault on Earth had never been attempted by any other Alpha/Beta Quadrant power prior to the Breen attack on Earth, though a feared [[Jem'Hadar]] invasion had nearly led to a military coup d'etat on the capital planet in [[2372]]. On the whole, however, Earth remained a paradise throughout the 23rd and 24th Centuries.
+
Following the establishment of the Federation, Earth became the target of a number of hostile foreign powers' wrath. Planetary emergencies were declared in [[2273]], when the artificial life-form known as [[V'Ger]] threatened all life on Earth, as did the [[Whale Probe]] in [[2286]]. Earth was threatened with [[assimilation]] into the [[Borg Collective]] in late [[2366]] and late [[2373]], and was threatened with destruction from a [[thalaron radiation]] weapon created by the [[Reman]] leadership [[Shinzon]] aboard his flagship, the ''[[Scimitar]]'' in [[2379]]. In [[2375]], towards the end of the [[Dominion War]], Earth suffered a devestating attack at the hands of the [[Breen Confederacy]], which had just joined the [[Dominion]]; much of [[Starfleet Headquarters]]' offices in San Fransisco were destroyed, as was much of the city itself. Numerous other cities were severly damaged, with large casualties, though the Federation [[Starfleet]] managed to destroy all enemy ships. A direct military assault on Earth had never been attempted by any other Alpha/Beta Quadrant power prior to the Breen attack on Earth, though a feared [[Jem'Hadar]] invasion had nearly led to a military coup d'etat on the capital planet in [[2372]]. On the whole, however, Earth remained a paradise throughout the 23rd and 24th Centuries. (''[[Star Trek: The Motion Picture]]''; ''[[Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home]]''; [[TNG]]: "[[The Best of Both Worlds, Part II]]"; ''[[Star Trek: First Contact]]''; ''[[Star Trek: Nemesis]]'')
   
 
[[de:Geschichte der Menschheit]]
 
[[de:Geschichte der Menschheit]]

Revision as of 02:42, October 21, 2005

Human history has been recorded for over thousands of years. Traditionally, the ancient Egyptian kingdom is considered one of the Earth's earliest civilizations, preceded by empires such as those of Sumeria and Babylon in Mesopotamia, today's Near East. Some historians hold on to the believe that centuries prior to the establishment of these civilizations, great empires such as those of Mu, Shambhala and Atlantis flourished. Little evidence exists for the existence of such ancient realms, save for written records of which the validty remains disputed.

The Distant Past

EarlyEarth

Earth in the distant past

Approximately 3.5 billion years ago, amino acids combined to the first proteins in the region of Earth which would later form modern France. It is the first life on the planet, which would one day evolve into the Human species. (TNG: "All Good Things...")

The Classical Period

Approximately 5000 years ago, Earth was visited by aliens who settled in the region near Greece and the Mediterranean sea. They were worshipped by the ancient Greeks as gods. In the Greek city-state of Athens, democracy was first practiced; a form of state which even by the 24th century still forms the basis of Federation politics. However, some viewed Athens as an indecisive state and it was later conquered by Sparta, a Greek city-state which was fond of war. Sparta's victory, though, was a Pyrrhic one and in a single generation its hegemony over Greece fell apart. In the following political turmoil, Greece would be overran by Philip II of Macedon, father of Alexander the Great. (TOS: "Who Mourns for Adonais?")

Alexander would go on to conquer the Persian Empire and beyond, conquering Egypt and Mesopatamia and stretching his empire to India. However, he did not name a successor, and after his death, his empire fragmented into a decades' long civil war amongst his generals, who had styled themselves as kings. (TOS: "Requiem for Methuselah")

It would later be determined, by the 23rd century, that Alexander was, in fact, the role of an immortal Human, named Flint.

As a result of the endless political turmoil within the Hellenistic World, each of the successor states of Alexander's Empire would fall one by one to the rising power of the Roman Republic. After fighting and defeating the empire of Carthage in the 3rd century BCE, Rome would rapidly conquer all of the other kingdoms by 146 BCE. Following a short period of civil war, Augustus, heir to the famous general Julius Caesar, declared himself emperor and transformed the republic into the Roman Empire.

Renaissance

File:Leonardo daVinci.jpg
The fall of the Roman Empire almost a millennia later resulted in the beginning of the European Dark Ages. These were marked by extreme political disunity, wars and a decrease in technological development and communications. The Renaissance ("rebirth") was enlighted by increasing trade contacts by Italian city-states with the Byzantine Empire, established in the Near East.
Mona Lisa

Sketch of one of the period's most famous artworks: the "Mona Lisa".

It led to Europe rediscovering its classical heritage, as Byzantium was once part of the greater Roman Empire. It was in these times that Galileo Galilei build his first astronomical telescope. His observations about the moon, planets in the solar system, the sun, and individual stars in the galaxy confirmed Copernican theories that Earth indeed was not the center of the universe. Humanity's ancient impulse to understand the universe — which had given rise to ancient religions and, in the best of circumstances, still guided those beliefs — had evolved; empiricism would eventually come to dominate Humanity's understanding of the physical world.

Imperialism and Revolution

By the 17th and 18th century, Europe's most powerful nations had colonized much of the world. Increasing discontent over British rule of its American colonies caused the outbreak of the American Revolution. In 1776, the United States of America was declared by the hand of Thomas Jefferson, whom in that year wrote the American Declaration of Independence — a document that would form part of the basis for the Constitution of the Federation over three centuries later. (TNG: "The Last Outpost")

The events in North America enlightened the French bourgeoisie to rebel against the Bourbon crown, eventually leading to the citizens of Paris to storm the Bastille prison on the 4th of July, 1789. In 1791, the new French Constitution was written, which gave the middle class of France more saying in the government. However, a year later, radical revolutionaries established a republic, murdering King Louis XVI by the guillotine. Their leader, Robespierre, installed the Terreure. In the name of freedom, equality, and brotherhood, thousands of people from France's higher classes were murdered; palaces and churches devastated. In 1794, Robespierre himself was killed, and in the midst of political chaos, the young army general Napoléon Bonaparte saw his chance to rise to power, installing himself as absolute ruler on the verge of the 19th century, in 1799. European powers would continue to vie for researches for decades to come. (TNG: "Hide and Q")

File:Isaac Newton VOY.jpg

It was also during the 17th century and 18th century, that Sir Isaac Newton revolutionized physics. (VOY: "Death Wish")

Restoration and War

Napoleon's imperialistic actions on the continent led to England, Austria and Russia forming a coalition against the French general. Austrian and Russian armies were defeated by Napoleon's forces within a relatively short period of time. In 1806, the German Empire officially ceased to exist, and England tried to gather Prussia (the most powerful German principality) on its side. However, it became obvious England would soon have to face Napoleon on its own.

In 1812, Bonaparte embarked with an expedition force of 600,000 men onto Russia, in order to conquer its capital city. Many of his troops, however, freezed to death in hazardous Russian winter, drastically decreasing his army in manpower, leaving Napoleon unable to defeat Russia once and for all. One year later, Napoleon was then defeated by the allies, with both Austria and Prussia joining forces with the British. Yet, in 1815, Napoleon again attempted to defeat his adversaries one last time. The Battle of Waterloo resulted in Frech defeat, and Napoleon was exiled to the island of St. Helena where he died in 1821.

Following Waterloo, the European old regime gathered at the Congress of Vienna. Their intention was to restore the situation in Europe as it had been before the French Revolution; they assumed that the revolutionary ideas would cease, that the revolution was a failed democratic experiment, and that monarchy was safely reconfirmed for Europe. The Bourbons returned to the French throne, Prussia annexed many of its neighbouring German regions, Austria annexed Italian Venice and Lombardy, and the Netherlands were joined together with today's Belgium.

The nationalistic boast which the Europeans lived by in their contest with each other pointed almost inevitably to a test of wills and destinies, leading directly to the first world war. It had been going on since the late 1800s in the scramble for colonies in Africa and Asia. Now with that playing field fully exploited, it was inevitable that the Europeans should test their energies on each other within Europe itself.

First World War

The first world war embarked a new era in technological warfare. No previous conflict had mobilized so many soldiers or involved so many in the field of battle.

German Fokker airplane

Airplanes were for the first time deployed for combat during World War I.

The first world war started in 1914 when the Austrian archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated in Sarajevo by Bosnian nationalists. Servia refused to extradite the archduke's murderer, and therefore Austria-Hungary declared war on Servia, with Germany's support. Russia, Servia's closest ally, declared war on Austria-Hungary and Germany, and Russia was therein supported by France. Britain was involved in the war when Germany violated Belgium's neutrality to invade France from the north. The Ottomon Empire, as Germany's ally, supported the central powers. Italy, though an ally of Germany and Austria, declared war on both in 1915. The United States entered the war in late 1917 and provided just enough weight to break a gruesome three-year stalemate — so that the war mercifully came to an end in 1918.

World War II and Cold War

File:AdolfHitler1944.jpg

German discontent over its defeat in the first world war, combined with the world-wide Great Depression and the severe punishment brought upon the nation by the Allies, allowed the rise to power of the Nazi Party, under the leadership of Adolf Hitler, who became Chancellor of Germany in 1933. Under Hitler's genocidal leadership, the country soon became militaristic, invading several of its neighbouring nations while embarking upon a campaign to murder every single Jew on the face of the Earth — the "Holocaust". In 1939, war was declared by Britain and France, following the German invasion of Poland, leading to the outbreak of World War II. (ENT: "Storm Front, Part I & Part II")

File:Vietnam War bomber.jpg

World War II resulted in German defeat. Though the allies established an international organization known as the United Nations in an attempt to promote world peace, an awkward situation resulted as the Soviet Union and the United States refused to retreat from the parts of Europe they had freed from the Germans, and now held occupied — fearful that the other might try to take over their war gains. The United States, with reduced troop number in Europe but with a newly acquired nuclear weapon in hand, defied the USSR to come any further west, or the meddle in the affairs of the liberal democractic governments there. Likewise, the Soviets defied the United States to intervene as the Soviet military occupation replaced the governments in the eastern sector with Stalinist regimes. Shortly afterwards, the USSR successfully tested their first nuclear weapon. Fearing that Russia would soon destroy them, the United States built hundreds of nuclear weapons, as did the Soviet Union. By the end of the Cold War, as this period of history became known, the US and USSR had enough nuclear weapons to destroy all life on Earth several times over. By 1968, a man named Gary Seven, using advanced alien technology, was sent to Earth make sure mankind did not accomplish just that. (TOS: "Assignment: Earth")

Sputnik I

Sputnik I in Earth orbit

This "Cold War" also brought a number of new technologies, and initiated a "battle for space" between the two greater powers. In 1957, the Soviet Union was the first to bring an artificial satellite, the Sputnik I in orbit around Earth. Four years later, in 1961, the Soviet Union was also the first to bring a Human in space; Yuri Gagarin. In 1969, the United States was the first to land a man on the moon. (ENT: "Carbon Creek"; TOS: "Tomorrow is Yesterday")

Eugenics Wars

Main article: Eugenics Wars.
File:Khansingh2266.jpg

Earth's late-20th century genetic engineering produced a breed of superior people, eventually resulting in the devastating Eugenics Wars. The conflict's roots lay in a group of scientists' ambitious attempt to improve the Human race through selective breeding and genetic engineering. A race of supermen, populary known as Augments, was created, being stronger, faster and more intelligent than normal Humans.

Rising to power among others of his kind, Khan Noonien Singh's ambition helped forment the Eugenics Wars that involved much of Earth's third world, eventually leading to upwards of 30 to 37 million deaths.

Hostilities brook out in 1993, when Khan and his forces seized control of fourty Earth nations. By 1996, Khan ruled a quarter of the planet from the Near to the Far East. As western military forced attacked Khan's empire, terribly wars ensued, both between the west and the Augments, as well as between rival supermen. Entire populations were bombed out of existence, while hostilities spread as far as northern Africa. In late 1996, Khan's empire — the last of the Augments' nations to fall — was defeated by combined western military forces. Thousands of Augment embryos were placed in cryogenic suspension, while over eighty of the tyrants were unaccounted for; a fact the western governments succesfully hid from the general population in order to avoid the outbreak of widespread panic. It was not until 2267 that Khan and his followers were discovered adrift in a sleeper ship, apparently having succesfully fled the planet shortly after the eugenics conflict. (ENT: "Borderland", "Cold Station 12", "The Augments"; TOS: "Space Seed)

Two novels by author Greg Cox detail the Eugenics Wars and how they might fit into actual history, The Eugenics Wars: The Rise and Fall of Khan Noonien Singh, Volume One and Volume Two. Surprisingly, none of the facts established by Enterprise about the Eugenics Wars contradict Cox's novels, though they are, of course, still non-canonical.

Increasing Political Unrest

Main article: Bell Riots.

In 2024, Europe was thrown into tumult by student riots, and the emergence of radical political philosphies such as the Neo-Trotskyist movement. Many people in the United States believed such social ills were confined to Europe but they would shortly be proved wrong by the Bell Riots.

File:GabrielBell.jpg

The Federal Employment Act was repealled in the United States, and Sanctuary Districts were established in all of its major cities. These districts were originally created to help America's massive homeless and jobless population, with parts of cities being walled off. Instead, the districts became little more than prisions for the destitute and the mentally ill. In September of 2024, mounting tensions in the Sanctuary Districts culminated in the Bell Riots. Government hostages were taken by the residents of San Francisco's Sanctuary District A. Rioting occured when the government moved to quell the protests, but thanks to the sacrifice of Gabriel Bell, a Santuary District resident and protestor, none of the hostages were killed. Details of the inHumane treatment of district residents reached the planetary Internet, contributing to the political unrest of the mid-21st century. (DS9: "Past Tense, Part I & Part II")

According to Gene Roddenberry's novelization of Star Trek: The Motion Picture, the early-21st century was also the time in which the bloodly Mind Control Revolts took place. They were ought to have occured from 2043 until 2047, upon which behaviour control technology was abandoned.

Exploration of Space

AresIV

The Ares IV command module in orbit over Mars

After advances in sublight propulsion rendered sleeper ships a thing of the past in 2018, manned and unmanned exploration of space further advanced. In 2032, a succesful manned mission to Mars, Ares IV, took place. Although the commed module was lost in a graviton ellipse this mission was considered as a precursor for Humankind's further exploration of space. In 2037, the Charybdis was launched, Earth's first attempt of bringing Humans beyond the Sol system. Unfortunately the contact to the ship was lost in 2038, but unknown at the time, the ship was swept off course by an unknown alien force and finally reached the Theta 116 system. (TOS: "Space Seed"; VOY: "One Small Step"; TNG: "The Royale")

World War III

Main article: World War III.

By the mid-2000s, the international scene was deteriorating. The United Nations had been reorganized as the New United Nations. A number of nations joined together in a union known as the Eastern Coalition, or ECON, which opposed the United States and its allies. Hostilities between the west and the east had been rising ever since the Eugenics Wars, and finally resulted in confrontation in the early 2050s. This conflict between the major powers of North America and Europe versus the Eastern Coalition was fought mainly with nuclear and satellite weapons that were deployed against major population centres and military targets, resulting in a death toll of 600 million. The conflict soon escalated into full-blown nuclear holocaust, engulfing much of the globe and nearly returning Human civilization to the Dark Ages. The subsequent collapse of the global economy, political systems, and the drastic environmental effects of the war devastated those nations which had escaped direct nuclear attack. (Star Trek: First Contact)

With most of the major governments collapsed, law and order soon degraded into a "guilty-until-proven-innocent", lawyer-free show trial system which lasted until 2079 in some parts of the world. (Star Trek: First Contact; TNG: "Encounter at Farpoint", "All Good Things...")

Which areas were hit by nuclear weaponry is unknown, but the fact that such Western cities as San Fransisco, Paris, and New Orleans, combined with the decidedly Asian appearance of the post-atomic horror trial audience and the surprising lack of references to prominent Eastern cities suggests that the Eastern Hemisphere may have been hurt the most by World War III. This would not play any major role in the following centuries.

According to Gene Roddenberry's novelization of Star Trek: The Motion Picture, the Mediterranean region and north Africa had remained an island of Human progress and tranquility during the savagery which had racked much of the rest of the world during the 21st century, partly due to the drastic alterations made to the old sea's character and the region surrounding it — the fabled Mediterranean Sea was now hardly more than a long, slender lake which trailed off into the hazy blue distance in the direction from which it had just come. Human ingenuity had turned the region into a virtual garden, skillfully engineered climate alterations having profoundly improved the climate and character of the entire northern half of Africa. Population growth in the region had been compensated with underground city construction — similar habitation centres were constructed throughout the world in the later half of the century.

United Earth

Main article: United Earth Government.
ZeframCochrane2063-2

Dr. Zefram Cochrane

In this post-war period, First Contact launced a new era in Human history as Dr. Zefram Cochrane's first faster-than-light spaceflight of 2063 drew the attention of the neighbouring Vulcan race. As Humanity rebuilt its world from the ashes of the devastating nuclear conflict, most forms of poverty and disease were eradicated from the planet within the next fifty years. However, global recovery was uneven, at least until the early 2080s, and some areas of the planet remained in a state of near-anarchy, especially south-east Asia and the Near East, which bore the brunt of the atomic holocaust. (ENT: "Broken Bow"; TNG: "Encounter at Farpoint")

As Earth gradually recovered from the war, Humanity embarked on a massive wave of expansion into the galaxy. The first permanent extra-terrestial colony was established in the Alpha Centauri system in 2078, followed by Tau Ceti in 2086. Serious colonization of Earth's moon Luna had begun by 2103, with the construction of New Berlin and Tycho City. (ENT: "Twilight")

In 2113, the United Nations of Earth was founded in the former French capital of Paris, with the ultimate goal of forming a united planetary government based upon the principles of the former United Nations organization. Although several nations originally declined membership, all of Earth would find itself united under one single government body by the early-22nd century.

The United Earth Government soon established the Earth Starfleet: a civilian organization dedicated to exploration and scientific advancement. Although the Vulcans prevented Earth's warp program from evolving "too soon", Earth launched its first true starship, the NX-01 Enterprise in 2151. The inventor of warp drive himself, Zefram Cochrane, disappeared in 2119, shortly after dedicating the Warp Five Complex. (ENT: "Broken Bow"; Star Trek: First Contact; TOS: "Metamorphosis")

Eager to explore the stars, scores of starships were launched in an exuberant search for knowledge about the galaxy. As United Earth expanded its reach, it became a highly influential economic power, facilitating trade between most of the worlds of known space. In less than one hundred years, the Human race grew from a struggling species on the brink of extinction into a significant role as leaders of the interstellar community. Expanding in all directions, continuously increasing their wealth and knowledge of the universe, Humanity appeared to have a bright future in store.


By the mid-22nd century, Earth was rapidly growing to become a regional power in the Alpha Quadrant. At the time, Vulcan was one of the dominant races in the quadrant, being the political and military superpower of the region. However, the Vulcans' influence was constantly challenged by the neighbouring Andorian Empire, as a state of cold war between the two remained in place until the 2150s.

In 2151, the Vulcan monitoring station beneath the ancient monastery of P'Jem was discovered by the Andorians, with the aid of the crew of the Human starship NX-01 Enterprise. Causing in a impairment of Earth-Vulcan relations, it also resulted in a growing mutual respect between Andoria and Earth. Shortly thereafter, the monastery was destroyed by Andorian orbital bombardment. This caused turmoil and upheaval on Vulcan, including the dismissal of the First Minister.

Subsequent to this crisis, the Vulcan High Command gained more control over civilian affairs. Under the leadership of Administrator V'Las, the High Command persecuted the Syrrannite sect, which claimed that Vulcan no longer followed the true teachings of Surak, whose writings had been lost since The Time of Awakening.

File:VulcanHighCommandBuilding2154.jpg
File:Battle of Regulus.jpg

In 2154, V'Las claimed to have proof that the Andorians were developping a superweapon, and planned to invade Andoria in order to pre-empt this threat. The Andorians, however, were warned in advance of the planned invasion by Vulcan Ambassador Soval and the crew of the Enterprise, so as to prepare for attack. As the battle got underway, Captain Jonathan Archer of Enterprise and Syrrannite-leader T'Pau brought the Kir'Shara containing the original writings of Surak into the High Command's headquarters, justifying the Surrannites' position and enabling Minister Kuvak to challenge V'Las' increasingly illogical behaviour. In short order, the attack on Andoria was cancelled, V'Las deposed, and the High Command disbanded. Kuvak and T'Pau formed a new transitional government which promised to pursue peaceful policies, and also to end its restrictions on Earth's technological development and expansion.

It was not known at this time that V'Las had been working in conjunction with Romulan agents, as part of a plan for reunification of Vulcan and Romulus. (ENT: "The Forge", "Awakening", "Kir'Shara")

Romulan interference would again be felt later that year, in November 2154, when a Romulan plot to destabilize the region had the opposite effect and created a temporary alliance among the Andorians, Humans, Tellarites and Vulcans. The proceeding Babel trade conference helped bring peace to the strained Andorian-Tellarite relations. Possibly, this failed attempt to drive the four powers apart eventually resulted in the devastating Romulan War.

Romulan War

Main article: Earth-Romulan War.

The Romulan War has been one of the most bloodiest and fiercest conflicts in interstellar history. The war was in fact unique in many ways. Interstellar travel and communications were still in their infancy when the war started. Starships rarely exceeded Warp 4, and had to rely on automated torpedoes for communication. Subspace radio was inefficient, weaponry was limited to short-range phasers and warp-capable fusion missiles.

Before the war, Humans and Romulans did not have contact with each other. The first direct communications were by subspace radio when the truce that ended the war was negotiated in 2160. In addition, there was no personal contact of any kind. Ship-to-ship combat took place over distances of thousands of millions of kilometres, and colonies were either evacuated before attack of completely destroyed from orbit. United Earth intelligence had little success deciphering Romulan communications. In fact, what the enemy called themselves could not even be determined. They were given the name "Romulans" after the designation for the planet from which they were believed to have come. That the Romulans were an offshoot of the Vulcan race was not discovered until more than a century later.

File:Romulan Bird-of-Prey (ENT).jpg

After being defeated at the Battle of Cheron, the Romulans offered peace to Earth and its allies Andor and Tellar. The Romulan Neutral Zone was established as a buffer between the two powers. Until late in the 24th century, the zone remained one of the most heavily fortified borders in the known galaxy. Despite a certain degree of cooperation in the face of conquest by the Dominion, the Romulan Star Empire and the Federation remained hardened adversaries. (TOS: "Balance of Terror"; TNG: "The Defector")

United Federation of Planets

Main article: Federation history.
File:United Federation of Planets logo.png

Immediately following Cheron, ambassadors of surrounding star nations met to discuss the idea of a grand unification. Delegations composed of Andorians, Humans, Tellarites, and Vulcans came together for a historic seminar. What emerged after a conference in San Francisco was the blueprint constitution for the United Federation of Planets; a body dedicated to research, understanding and cooperation, with the exciting mandate for the mass exploration of space, supported by a specialist Starfleet agency, that, as well as being a defence mechanism for the federation, would conduct missions of discovery, with the ideal goal of contact with new worlds. (ENT: "These Are the Voyages...")

File:FederationFoundation2161.jpg

After the earlier paper work, diplomacy, and red tape had commenced to sort out the multi-facetted architecture needed for such a union to work, the United Federation of Planets was founded. First and foremost was the formation of a centralized Federation Council. Employing a full presidential system, the Federation Council would be the diplomatic, organizing and presiding governing body in control of federation affairs. The organization's headquarters location was voted as being San Francisco, which had for a century been the principal administrative centre of Earth affairs. (ENT: "Zero Hour")

The president, meanwhile, taking control of the Council for no more than two four year terms, was elected from Federation Council member ambassadors on a rotational basis. The first president remarked on the aesthetically agreeable surroundings of the ancient European city of Paris and took residence there. As a tradition, the president of the Federation always resides in Paris. (Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country)

The Federation's guidelines were set about in the Federation Charter; the organization's constitution. This historic document, written in 2161, outlined the framework by which the Federation was to be governed — based upon the Constitution of the United States of America, Earth (adopted in 1789), the Fundamental Declarations of the Colonies of Mars, and the Statutes of Alpha III.

Earth under the Federation

Following the establishment of the Federation, Earth became the target of a number of hostile foreign powers' wrath. Planetary emergencies were declared in 2273, when the artificial life-form known as V'Ger threatened all life on Earth, as did the Whale Probe in 2286. Earth was threatened with assimilation into the Borg Collective in late 2366 and late 2373, and was threatened with destruction from a thalaron radiation weapon created by the Reman leadership Shinzon aboard his flagship, the Scimitar in 2379. In 2375, towards the end of the Dominion War, Earth suffered a devestating attack at the hands of the Breen Confederacy, which had just joined the Dominion; much of Starfleet Headquarters' offices in San Fransisco were destroyed, as was much of the city itself. Numerous other cities were severly damaged, with large casualties, though the Federation Starfleet managed to destroy all enemy ships. A direct military assault on Earth had never been attempted by any other Alpha/Beta Quadrant power prior to the Breen attack on Earth, though a feared Jem'Hadar invasion had nearly led to a military coup d'etat on the capital planet in 2372. On the whole, however, Earth remained a paradise throughout the 23rd and 24th Centuries. (Star Trek: The Motion Picture; Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home; TNG: "The Best of Both Worlds, Part II"; Star Trek: First Contact; Star Trek: Nemesis)

Community content is available under CC-BY-NC unless otherwise noted.