(written from a Production point of view)
Voyager finds a station containing a disturbingly accurate re-creation of Starfleet Command and Starfleet Academy constructed by Species 8472.
In what is seemingly San Francisco on Earth, in the grounds of Starfleet Academy, an old man tends some flowers. About him, bright young Starfleet cadets walk to and fro. The sky is bright and sunny; a perfect day.
A distinguished looking Starfleet admiral addresses a group of just graduated and commissioned officers. In a no-nonsense tone, the admiral introduces himself as Admiral Bullock. He welcomes them to Earth and invites them to direct any questions or comments they have to him. Any problems are to be directed to Lieutenant Kinis, the admiral's Vulcan aide standing next to the admiral. From afar, an officer is seen to be watching them using a holo-imaging device and taking pictures. It is revealed to be the USS Voyager's first officer, Commander Chakotay.
Chakotay is taking some scans when the same old man who was tending the flowers comes up behind him, jokes that his tricorder scans are unnecessary, and identifies the plants. Chakotay chuckles, and smoothly responds that his tricorder is malfunctioning. The old man introduces himself as Boothby. Boothby asks him about his posting. Chakotay makes up a story about being assigned to the USS Intrepid patrolling the Neutral Zone. Boothby advises him to get a new tricorder from Logistical Support. He is on the way to that area himself. Before they start off, Chakotay makes sure to get an image of him.
Chakotay enters the officers' club, the Quantum Café, sits in an empty seat and thumbs through a book. A Human female commander approaches him and introduces herself as Valerie Archer. They sit and talk amicably when suddenly an officer sitting in a corner begins gagging and spasming in agony. Strangely enough, no one seems alarmed; two officers just drag him away and that is all. Archer turns back to Chakotay and tensely asks him if he has ever reverted. He responds nonchalantly that he hasn't yet. She identifies the officer as Ensign O'Halloran, and comments that he will be pulled out of training if this happens to him again. She states that she can keep her Human form, but complains about things she has to put up with in that form such as sleeping, breathing oxygen and bipedal locomotion. Chakotay merely smiles. He then tells her that he is new, and she makes a date with him that evening to show him around.
Lieutenant Commander Tuvok approaches them and politely tells Chakotay that they have to leave. After the two Voyager officers get out of earshot, Chakotay tells him he has gained useful information about what is happening here. They leave the club, heading to prearranged transporter coordinates. Suddenly an ensign accosts them, telling them they are in a restricted area and need to accompany him. They refuse, and when the ensign insists, Tuvok drops him with a Vulcan nerve pinch. They catch him as he falls and Chakotay taps his combadge to be beamed back to the Delta Flyer piloted by Tom Paris. The Delta Flyer turns and leaves orbit, not around Earth, but an alien space station.
The ensign wakes up to find himself in Voyager's sickbay, agitatedly asking where he is. He begins to act angry, threatening to report his abduction to "the admiral". Janeway impatiently tells him to cut the act: they know he is not Human. She demands his identity. He identifies himself as David Gentry, rank ensign, serial number: 99-Beta-3278, planet of origin: Earth. Janeway coldly responds that they are not interested in his knowledge of Human culture and that they are not part of his re-creation. The petrified ensign repeats his POW-style self-identification, maintaining that Earth is his homeworld.
When Janeway realizes that she is obviously not going to get any answers out of him, she asks The Doctor to take a genetic sample from him. The ensign desperately taps his commbadge, to no avail and then suddenly springs off the bio-bed and backs against a wall, screaming. His head snaps back and he collapses. According to The Doctor, he has released a cellular toxin into his bloodstream and is dead.
In Astrometrics, Chakotay and Tuvok show Janeway and the other senior officers the images that Chakotay has taken, and report on what they have learned. These aliens, whoever and whatever they are, have carefully reconstructed not just Starfleet Academy, but the entire Starfleet Command complex. Seven of Nine reports that she has determined the nature of the alien station: it is essentially a huge holographic facility. The Doctor hails Janeway and reports that he is ready to begin his autopsy of the alien. Before she leaves to go to sickbay, she orders them to search for any tactical vulnerabilities the station may have.
In sickbay, The Doctor informs Janeway that the alien is most definitely not Human. It has been genetically altered on an extremely sophisticated level and only microcellular scans could distinguish it from a real Human. When he administers a cytokinetic injection to reverse the process, it is revealed to be Species 8472.
Janeway immediately calls a meeting of her senior staff and informs them of the aliens' identity. They now have no doubt the re-creation is for sinister motives. Species 8472 had made their intention to purge their galaxy of all life very clear. Now, they have re-created Starfleet Command and are training to pose as Starfleet officers. The whole thing reeks of preparation for invasion – possibly of Earth. Janeway orders Tuvok to continue searching for a tactical weakness in the station, and orders Seven to immediately begin re-manufacturing the modified Borg nanoprobes, in large numbers. Chakotay decides to keep his date with Archer, since he could get more information out of her. Janeway agrees, and then reminds everyone of the importance of their success; Starfleet has no way of stopping Species 8472, nor can Voyager's crew warn them of the invasion.
Captain Janeway orders the entire crew to report to The Doctor for DNA testing, to ensure that no impostor is aboard. The Doctor certifies Chakotay and Tuvok respectively as genuinely Human and Vulcan. With that settled, Chakotay goes off to keep his date with "Commander Valerie Archer". He, Lieutenant Paris and Ensign Kim return to the facility on the Delta Flyer. They arrive, remaining beyond sensor range, but within transporter range, and Chakotay beams in.
In Voyager's sickbay, Seven and The Doctor observe the newly-manufactured modified Borg nanoprobes. She has taken the precaution of increasing their mobility and efficiency in case the aliens developed a defense against them in over a year since their first encounter. While The Doctor hopes they will be able to solve this through more diplomatic channels, Seven merely scoffs at the idea that Species 8472 would even acknowledge the concept of diplomacy.
It is "night" in the re-creation. Chakotay enters the "Quantum Cafe" and finds "Archer" sitting at a table with "Boothby". "Boothby" takes his leave and Chakotay sits with "Archer". They decide to go dancing. Sometime later, they return to her living quarters. The date has apparently gone well. The conversation turns to Humans. She marvels at the ability of "such a violent species" to create so many beautiful ways to express their ideas through art, music, literature and so on. But, she insists, they are dangerous, quick to attack any species that is not part of their Federation. After a while she feels the need for an isomorphic injection to preserve her Human form, so she excuses herself and leaves the room. While she is gone, Chakotay goes to her desktop monitor and downloads all data in it.
Chakotay's attempts to try and introduce doubt about her perception of Humans fail, as she insists their threat is grave. He drops the subject, not wanting to push too much and possibly arouse suspicion. He excuses himself, telling her he has a tactical report to finish for the next morning. However, before he leaves, she touches his face and kisses him, saying that Human dating rituals are part of their training. Initially somewhat reluctant he finally caves in.
After he leaves, she takes scans of her skin that touched Chakotay's and immediately contacts "Boothby"; Chakotay's cover has been blown wide open. He asks her how much she thinks he knows. She cannot say, but recommends his capture and interrogation.
Chakotay is walking past an ornamental lake when the sky instantly shifts from dark night to bright day. He looks around, startled, to see he is being followed. Worse, along all the paths, several of the aliens in their humanoid forms are converging on him. Realizing immediately his cover is no more, he tries to hail the Delta Flyer, but gets no response and is finally captured.
Captain Janeway is in her ready room with Seven and clearly conflicted over something. Starfleet Directive 010, she tells Seven, mandates that any and all attempts at diplomatic resolution must be made before engaging an alien species in battle. In Species 8472's case, they did that and barely survived. Military engagement therefore appears to be the only course of action. Yet, Janeway cannot get this directive out of her mind.
Chakotay is interrogated by "Boothby" in the empty "Quantum Cafe". He demands to know how they found them. Chakotay responds that it was due to the detection of what appeared to be a Federation comm frequency. Of course, they tracked its source. "Boothby" demands other information about their planned attack, but Chakotay insists that a war is not being planned against them.
"Admiral Bullock" enters. He acts deferentially toward "Boothby", indicating that this alien is, in fact, the operation's commander. He informs "Boothby" of Voyager's approach. "Boothby" orders battle stations, ignoring Chakotay's insistence that Captain Janeway is coming only to retrieve him, not attack.
Janeway orders Voyager brought into weapons range, and orders Seven, at the auxiliary tactical station, to target the facility's weapons array. Seven suggests that its power systems be targeted as well. But, even on the brink of hostilities, Janeway looks for a way to avoid casualties, if not belligerence altogether. She does not want to risk harming the aliens' life support. Seven insists that they are undeserving of compassion. Janeway sharply responds that this is not the time for an ethical debate and angrily repeats the order.
"Archer" carries out a procedure to extract more of Chakotay's DNA to improve Species 8472's genetically engineered Human disguises. Chakotay engages her in dialogue, acknowledging that Species 8472 are afraid of Humans and the Federation and says they could solve their misgivings about each other by talking and listening to each other instead of spying on each other. He quotes from George Bernard Shaw, a writer "Archer" has read and has some respect for: "There are no secrets except the secrets that keep themselves". An alarm goes off to indicate Voyager's presence.
Back on Voyager, a hail comes through: "Boothby" greets her cordially. She sarcastically asks him if he is enjoying the Delta Quadrant. In response, he snaps that the weapons at his disposal allow him to destroy Voyager with but a single command. He asks her to retreat.
Janeway, of course, refuses to go anywhere until he returns her first officer and provides a good explanation as to why they are again in their galaxy, outside of fluidic space. She informs him of the weapons she has trained on them; weapons whose potency against them he is well aware of, reminding him of the heavy casualties his species suffered the last time they engaged each other. She comments that an armed conflict is not going to solve their problems and proposes a "class reunion".
In Voyager's briefing room, representatives of the two sides are gathered. "Boothby" angrily denounces the Federation and its values of tolerance for all species and the Prime Directive as "targ manure".
Janeway insists that the Federation adheres to its directives. "Bullock" counters that her actions say differently, and accuses them of infiltrating their re-creation, capturing and killing one of their people. "Bullock" angrily continues, further accusing them of creating biological weapons to use against them, and being allies of the Borg. Janeway denies all charges, stating that Seven is no longer part of the Collective. She tries to convince "Boothby" that the Federation is not set out to get or destroy them, but when the aliens keep questioning each and every one of her points, Janeway soon realizes that this is getting nowhere. She asserts that there is only one way to prove that they speak the truth, namely trusting each other.
She then orders Seven to disarm the nanoprobe warheads to prove their point. She calmly responds that one of them has to take their finger off the trigger and that she will be the one. "Boothby" is struck by her action. He agrees to continue, but insists that they get to the issues that are the bones of contention. Janeway explains that, far from informing Starfleet about them, Voyager is, in fact, alone in the quadrant and has not had any contact with the Federation for the past four years. She explains that at the time they engaged Species 8472, they were unaware that the Borg had started the war against them and were acting in self-defense.
"Bullock", unimpressed by Janeway's standing down of Voyager's weapons, urges "Boothby" to say nothing. "Archer", however, has been won over and informs the Starfleet side that their mission is solely reconnaissance. Chakotay vouches for "Archer's" trustworthiness.
"Bullock" still insists that they should not negotiate with them. "Boothby" orders him to return to his seat. "Archer" stands her ground. She tells them that after seeing through Human eyes, she now wonders as to the veracity of their belief of the Humans' violent nature. "Bullock" insists that they cannot risk trusting them. She retorts by demanding of him if he would rather risk another war.
After a long discussion, "Boothby" is finally ready to go along, but insists some pre-conditions must be met, namely she must grant them access to the modified nanoprobe technology to study it. Janeway agrees, in return for access to the genetic alteration techniques they use for appearing Human. The spirit of détente has been created.
Seven is not at all convinced that this diplomatic dealing will work. Janeway exhorts her to have a little faith and asks her if she wants to come to the facility; it would be her first look at Earth. Seven declines; she prefers to stay aboard in case any problems arise. Janeway confidently assures her there will be none, except perhaps cultural diplomacy ones, like how to correctly greet an unfamiliar species.
On the grounds of the Starfleet Command recreation, "Bullock" and "Kinis" are standing alongside Tuvok and Neelix. In a manner similar to the training scenario, "Bullock" introduces himself and welcomes Tuvok and Neelix to "Terrasphere 8, Starfleet Command re-creation". As in the training scenario before, he invites them to direct any questions or comments they have to him, and problems to "Kinis". Tuvok and Neelix are here to see some of the facility's technology. "Bullock" addresses Neelix as "Ambassador Nelix", mispronouncing Neelix's name, and is quickly corrected. As "Kinis" and Neelix depart together, Neelix says he's interesting in hearing "Kinis'" perspective on Vulcans.
Janeway and "Boothby" walk along a path, talking. He welcomes the crew of Voyager to stay for a while as he and the other Species 8472 on the terrasphere will not be returning to fluidic space for a few days yet, but she declines, saying she would like to get back on course for the real Earth. As they stop at a fence by an ornamental lake, she asks him concernedly about the chances of him being listened to by his superiors regarding what he has learned about Humans and the Federation during the course of their recent interactions. He responds that he cannot promise anything but that he will tell them what has happened, and perhaps that will win some of them over.
Janeway expresses hope that the process will lead to full diplomatic relations between their species. He has Voyager's comm frequency, should he need to contact them.
Chakotay and "Archer" walk together one last time. Chakotay asks if she is looking forward to returning to fluidic space. She avoids a direct answer, saying that at least she's looking forward to resuming her true form. He compliments her on making a terrific Human, and she offers to give him a tour of their realm sometime. Before parting, she kisses him again, asking if the kiss was better than the previous. Chakotay says she is a "quick study".
Voyager is seen pulling away from the station, resuming course for home.
- Captain's log, supplemental. Until we know exactly what's going on I'm keeping Voyager concealed behind a class 3 moon.
- Captain's log, Stardate 52136.4. We've managed to avoid a military conflict with Species 8472, at least for now. In an effort to strengthen the truce we're exchanging technology.
"Don't get sassy with me, young lady! This re-creation may be Starfleet but our weapons are far more sophisticated. I can destroy your vessel with a single command. Run along, now."
- - Boothby
"Targ manure! 'United Federation of Planets'… 'tolerance for all species'… the 'Prime Directive'… targ manure, every word of it!"
- - Boothby
"Humans! You've got a flair for the dramatic, I'll give you that. You want to keep talking? Fine by me. But no more beating around the bush! Now what do you want from us? The truth, captain!"
- - Boothby, to Janeway
"Once a Borg, always a Borg."
- - Boothby
"First of all, I want to take a look at that nanoprobe technology – it scares the hell out of me!""
- - Boothby to Janeway, laying some "ground rules"
"Voyager may be the last defense against an all-out invasion of Earth."
- - Janeway
"Just be home before midnight."
- - Captain Janeway to Chakotay as he leaves for his away mission "date" with "Archer"
"I've always wondered what it would be like to date an alien."
"I'll take notes."
- - Harry Kim and Chakotay
"There are no secrets except the secrets that keep themselves."
- - Chakotay quoting George Bernard Shaw
- Production number: 011-40840-198
- Final draft script: tba
- Thursday 2 July 1998 – Int. Delta Flyer (Paramount Stage 16)
- Monday 6 July 1998 – Sickbay (Paramount Stage 9), bridge, ready room (Paramount Stage 8)
- Tuesday 7 July 1998 – Ext. Starfleet Headquarters (Filming location: Tillman Water Reclamation Plant)
- Wednesday 8 July 1998 – Ext. Starfleet Headquarters (Filming location: Tillman Water Reclamation Plant)
- Thursday 9 July 1998 – Boothby's set, briefing room (Paramount Stage 8)
- Friday 10 July 1998 – Valerie Archer's living quarters (Paramount Stage 9)
- Monday 13 July 1998 – Quantum Café (Paramount Stage 16)
- Tuesday 14 July 1998 – Quantum Café (Paramount Stage 16)
- Wednesday 15 July 1998 – Briefing room (Paramount Stage 8), Archer's quarters (Paramount Stage 9), Astrometrics, Int. Delta Flyer (Paramount Stage 16)
- Tuesday 18 August 1998 – Filming of additional scenes – Bridge (Paramount Stage 8), Corridor, sickbay, engineering (Paramount Stage 9), Astrometrics (Paramount Stage 16)
- Wednesday 19 August 1998 – 2nd unit filming – Sickbay (Paramount Stage 9)
- Air date: 4 November 1998
Story and script
- Writer and story editor Nick Sagan commented that the original idea for this episode was much different from how the installment turned out. "It was an idea that they found a picture in some database of an 8472 in an ancient Earth culture, and it was that some of our legends of demons and devils were from 8472. That was sort of the initial way we got into it. It was kind of tricky, having Voyager on the opposite side of the galaxy from home. What are those guys doing with Earth? How does that fit together?" 
- Developing the episode's narrative was challenging. Nick Sagan reflected, "We went at it hammer and tongs for a while and we couldn't find anything that we all liked, so I was able to try and reinvent it [....] I took the idea of paranoia, and that these things don't understand what it is to be Human." 
- According to the unauthorized reference books Delta Quadrant (p. 259) and Beyond the Final Frontier (p. 322), Nick Sagan wanted the disguised Species 8472 habitat in this episode to be an allegory for the "sleeper" villages that, according to myth, were used as training camps by the KGB to infiltrate agents into the West during the Cold War. In a 2003 interview, Sagan confirmed the Cold War influence. "I took the idea of Cold War fears, especially the way my dad tried to play a role in détente." 
- At first, the episode featured a large-scale, interstellar conflict. "The way we originally conceived that story, there was going to be a big space battle," said executive producer Brannon Braga. "We realized that this should not be a story about a space battle, it should be a story about discovering peace between two paranoid races who were thrust against each other by a common foe, the Borg. Suddenly it became a very Star Trek-y episode." (Cinefantastique, Vol. 30, No. 11, p. 29) Nick Sagan concurred, "The original idea didn't end quite so 'happy happy.' The so-called neutering of 8472 wasn't supposed to happen [...] The original story as I envisioned it had just kind of a moment of realization of 'maybe we're not so different,' the hint that there could be some possibilities. But then reinforcements arrive, and Voyager has to escape, and who knows if we've actually done something good there. But once we got involved, I think Brannon actually wanted to resolve it." 
- The writing of the scene involving Boothby, Valerie Archer and Admiral Bullock in Voyager's briefing room was particularly difficult. Brannon Braga, in fact, referred to the scene as "the hardest scene [of the episode] to write" and affirmed that it was "because there is not a single shot fired." He added, "You had to be satisfied that you had a climax, but it was a climax of diplomacy." (Cinefantastique, Vol. 30, No. 11, p. 29)
- Nick Sagan remembered how he devised Valerie Archer's surname. "I really wanted to name the character Archer as a homage to Dave Bowman of 2001 and to my father's character Ellie Arroway [from Contact]. You put bow and arrow together and you get Archer." 
- Similarly, the book Delta Quadrant (p. 260) hypothesizes that Chakotay's alias of Jason Hayek is likely a reference to the actress Salma Hayek.
- Budget constraints led to the last-minute removal of several effects sequences from this episode. Nick Sagan explained, "The original 'In The Flesh' had a lot of great, amazing special effects, including a dream sequence of 8472 just razing Janeway's home town on Earth, which would have been really cool." 
- It was at a production meeting, while discussing the installment's budget, that the decision was made to lessen the episode's quantity of effects. Nick Sagan recalled the meeting; "I was sitting right next to Brannon and he'd go, 'Okay, scratch that off the list!'" 
- This episode was scheduled for an eight-day shoot between 2 July 1998 and 15 July 1998. ("In the Flesh" shooting schedule) Just before the episode entered production, Brannon Braga was interviewed (on a typically hot Los Angeles afternoon in that month) by Lou Anders. (Star Trek Monthly issue 44, pp. 10, 13 & 14)
- When Chakotay is captured amid Species 8472's simulation of Starfleet Headquarters, the music resembles a Species 8472 theme that originally debuted in the third season finale "Scorpion". (Delta Quadrant, p. 260)
Cast and crew
- Actor Tucker Smallwood portrayed Admiral Bullock in this episode while suffering from the paralyzing condition known as Bell's palsy. "People would say, you looked so stern and so implacable," Smallwood recalled, "and I said that's the only expression I had, if I tried to do anything else only one side of my face would work so I had this one expression and it was very rigid and stiff and arbitrary."
- Director David Livingston was pleased with the interiors of this episode. "I thought [production designer] Richard James did a wonderful job on designing the sets," Livingston remarked. "I thought the bar and the apartment were spectacular sets." (Cinefantastique, Vol. 31, No. 11, p. 31)
- As David Livingston was so happy with the sets of this installment, he tried to prominently feature them. "'I shot them with really wide-angle lenses so you can see them," he noted. (Cinefantastique, Vol. 31, No. 11, p. 31)
- The exteriors of Starfleet Headquarters were, as usual, filmed at the Tillman Water Reclamation Plant. A nighttime shot of San Francisco – including the Golden Gate Bridge – was actually stock footage reused here, having previously appeared in both Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country and the second season Voyager installment "Non Sequitur".
Props and costumes
- Valerie Archer's prop book, A Cave Beyond Logic: Vulcan Perspectives on Platonic Thought, is a reuse of the Selected Works of Jirex seen in the fourth season episode "Demon", which itself was a reuse of Kamin's diary from the Star Trek: The Next Generation fifth season episode "The Inner Light". The prop book was later sold off at the "40 Years of Star Trek: The Collection" auction. 
- This episode marks the second appearance of the type 1 phaser on the series following "Caretaker" and its final appearance in the franchise.
- The Species 8472 desktop monitor seen in Archer's living quarters was composed of parts of the Krenim game played by Paris and Obrist in the episode "Year of Hell". The same prop was later seen as Dr. Lewis Zimmerman's computer aboard Jupiter Station in the sixth season episode "Life Line" and as a Kraylor monitor in the seventh season episode "Nightingale". 
- Seven of Nine wears a new style of bodysuit in this episode. This two-tone blue bodysuit, which is the fifth different style for her, is a departure from her past ones, as this is the first one to have large sections in different colors: light blue sleeves and a darker blue for the torso and legs. It has a lower neckline compared with the silver version.
- This is the last of four episodes that centrally feature Species 8472, other such outings being Season 3's "Scorpion" as well as the fourth season installments "Scorpion, Part II" and "Prey". Following this episode, they also appear in a holophoto in the later episode "Someone to Watch Over Me".
- While testing the crew, the Doctor says "two down, one hundred and twenty five to go", implying a crew complement of 127 (not including his holographic self). Prior to this episode Voyager's crew complement was most recently established as being 148, in the third-season episodes "Distant Origin" and "Displaced". This apparent loss of 21 crew between this episodes would include the confirmed deaths of three crew members in the episodes "Scientific Method", "The Killing Game", and "One", and three crew members in the Kyrian encounter as reported by The Doctor in "Living Witness". The remaining 15 crew not accounted for could be explained by dialog at the end of "The Killing Game, Part II", in which Janeway remarks that Voyager has taken "heavy losses".
- While it is never made clear where Species 8472's information on Starfleet Command came from, it appears to be somewhat out of date, as everyone seems to be wearing uniforms like those of the Voyager crew, rather than the newer uniforms introduced in Star Trek: First Contact. In fact, even before the film, the Star Trek: Deep Space Nine fourth season episodes "Homefront" and "Paradise Lost" showed personnel, including Benjamin Sisko, wearing an earlier-style of uniform, commonly seen on The Next Generation, with the department colors around the chest and middle, instead of on the shoulders.
- Additionally, the recreation depicts Ferengi in Starfleet; therefore, the information would have to have been retrieved after Nog entered the Academy, at the end of DS9: "Little Green Men", sometime between stardate 49011.4 and 49170.65, as he is the first, and, to date, only, Ferengi to enter Starfleet.
- Janeway remarks in this episode that the Voyager crew "haven't been in contact with Earth for over four years", in what would appear to be a blatant lie. Voyager made direct contact with Star Fleet within the previous year, in the episodes "Message in a Bottle" and "Hunters".
- Chakotay mentions that his last visit to the real Starfleet Headquarters was on 3 March 2368, in order to resign his commission and fight with the Maquis. The Maquis did not actually come into being until after the formation of the Demilitarized Zone in 2370, as shown in DS9: "The Maquis, Part I". Furthermore, Ro Laren (in TNG: "Preemptive Strike") describes a lieutenant commander who was in Advanced Tactical Training with her and resigned to join the Maquis; this was supposedly a reference to Chakotay.
- Chakotay mentions an Admiral Nimembeh, who he presented his resignation to. This is a reference to the Jeri Taylor novel Pathways, which depicts Nimembeh as an instructor at Starfleet Academy who, while he only briefly teaches Chakotay, became a harsh mentor to then-cadet Harry Kim. Although the events of the novel were considered canon, this episode causes a discrepancy as Nimembeh was a commander during Kim's time at the Academy, which was also the time that Chakotay handed in his resignation. As the events of the television series supersede those of the books, this indicates there were either two Nimembehs in Starfleet or the Nimembeh at the Academy who taught Kim was an admiral rather than a commander.
- Boothby is apparently not considered "useful information" by the Borg. In "The Omega Directive", when explaining the extent of her knowledge, Seven says "Each drone's experiences are processed by the Collective. Only useful information is retained." Despite them having assimilated Starfleet personnel and Seven having retained at least some of that knowledge, she is unfamiliar with Boothby's identity.
- Harry Kim says in episode that he's "always wondered what it would be like to date an alien". In fact, he did unknowingly date an alien in "Alter Ego", in which an alien uses as an avatar a holodeck character that Kim becomes romantically interested in.
- Harry Kim says in this episode that the "last member of species 8472 [he] met tried to dissolve [him] from the inside out", in a reference to the events of "Scorpion".
- Actor Ray Walston puts a similar emphasis and intonation to two sentences that he also uses in TNG: "The First Duty". One is exactly the same in both episodes ("Good enough for me!"), while the other has the same ending ("I know them all!.", in reference to the members of the Nova Squadron, and "You'll never find them all!.", in reference to Species 8472's simulation stations).
- Brannon Braga was ultimately proud of the difficult-to-write briefing room scene involving Boothby. "I think it really worked," Braga noted. (Cinefantastique, Vol. 31, No. 11, p. 29)
- Nick Sagan was "pretty happy" with the final version of the episode in general.  He was especially impressed with the installment's visual effects, enthusing, "I think it's a very cool looking episode with 8472 morphing on the table and such." 
Video and DVD releases
- UK VHS release (two-episode tapes, CIC Video): Volume 5.2, 12 April 1999
- As part of the VOY Season 5 DVD collection
Links and references
- Robert Beltran as Chakotay
- Roxann Dawson as B'Elanna Torres
- Robert Duncan McNeill as Tom Paris
- Ethan Phillips as Neelix
- Robert Picardo as The Doctor
- Tim Russ as Tuvok
- Jeri Ryan as Seven of Nine
- Garrett Wang as Harry Kim
Special guest star
- Mabuo Akwei as Voyager operations officer
- Ivory Broome as Voyager operations officer
- Greg Cervantez as Voyager operations officer
- L.J. Dougherty as Sharr
- Tarik Ergin as Ayala
- June Fujimoto as Voyager command officer
- Shay Garner as Starfleet admiral
- Julie Gary as Starfleet cadet
- Steven Grothe as operations officer
- Jacquelyn Guss as Starfleet admiral
- Brian Hall as Starfleet cadet
- Grace Harrell as Pelian cadet
- Alisa Hayashida as operations officer
- Sue Henley as Valerie Archer (silhouette)
- Dieter Hornemann as Kinis
- Sam Jones as Ferengi cadet
- Beth-Ann Joyner as Vulcan sciences officer
- Rubin Knight as Starfleet admiral
- Alicia Lewis as Voyager sciences officer
- Mitch Mamulo as Young
- Tom Miller as Quantum Café bartender
- Michael Muldoon as Starfleet cadet
- Arthur Murray as Voyager command officer
- Julie Plum as Bolian command officer
- Christina Rydell as command ensign
- Joey Sakata as Ferengi sciences officer
- J. Shoemaker as Reiskin
- Walter Smith as Starfleet admiral
- Pablo Soriano as Voyager operations ensign
- Deborah Stiles as Voyager command lieutenant jg
- Ari Strum as Starfleet cadet
- Dan Tirman as O'Halloran
- Jeanine Tropiano as operations officer
- Paul Valdez as Starfleet cadet
- Joan Valentine as Voyager operations officer
- Sam Vanny as Starfleet cadet
- Audra Whaley as Voyager operations officer
- Doug Wilson as Voyager command officer
- A. Winfield as Bajoran operations officer
- Unknown performers as
- Debbie David – stand-in for Robert Duncan McNeill
- Brian Donofrio – stand-in for Zach Galligan
- Sue Henley – stand-in for Kate Mulgrew and Kate Vernon
- Mark Kosakura – stand-in for Garrett Wang
- Susan Lewis – stand-in for Roxann Dawson and Kate Vernon and utility stand-in
- Brita Nowak – stand-in for Jeri Ryan
- Lemuel Perry – stand-in for Tim Russ and Tucker Smallwood and utility stand-in
- J.R. Quinonez – stand-in for Robert Picardo and Ray Walston and utility stand-in
- Keith Rayve – stand-in for Robert Duncan McNeill and utility stand-in
- Joey Sakata – stand-in for Ethan Phillips and utility stand-in
- Richard Sarstedt – stand-in for Robert Beltran
- Marshal Silverman – stand-in for Ray Walston
- Pablo Soriano – stand-in for Zach Galligan
- Doug Wilson – stand-in for Zach Galligan
- Stuart Wong – stand-in for Garrett Wang
20th century; 21st century; 2175; 2321; 2368; 2371; 2373; 2374; abduction; A Cave Beyond Logic: Vulcan Perspectives on Platonic Thought; accusation; Admiral; agent; alarm; alien; "All hands"; "All stop"; alliance; Alpha Quadrant; ambassador; American; Archer's parents; art; artificial environment; assignment; Astrometrics; astrometric scan; Astrophysics; autonomic reflex; away team; Badlands; Bajoran; Bajoran earring; bamboo; bar; barstool; bartender; battle stations; bay; beam; bench; Beyond the Galactic Edge, Humanity's Quest for Infinity; biobed; bioelectric activity; biological weapon; bioscan; bipedal; blanket; blood; bloodstream; bloodwine; bloom; Bolian; Bolian sector; book; bookshelf; boot; Boothby; Borg; bottle; breathing; bridge; bridge; briefcase; briefing room; bush; butt; cadet; cage; capillary; capillary scan analysis; captain; captain's log, USS Voyager, 2375; casualty; cat; Cat's Eye Nebula; cease fire; cell; cell morphology; cellular activity; cellular motility; cellular toxin; chair; channel; charade; chemistry; chief medical officer's office; chopstick; city; civilian; class 3 moon; class 10 photon torpedo; class reunion; closing time; clothing; cockpit; coffee shop; Collective; combadge; command; command chair; command division; commander; commanding officer; comm frequency; commission; compassion; computer; conference room; conflict; conn; console; Constitution-class; control; coordinates; copy; corpse; corridor; couch; creature; crew; cross section; culture; cytokinetic injection; dance; dash; date; day; death; debate; debriefing; Deep Space 7; Delta Flyer; Delta Quadrant; deputy liaison officer; design; desk; desktop monitor; devil; dinner; diplomacy; directive; Directive 010; disease; DNA; docking; doctor; door; door chime; dozen; double agent; dramatic; drink; drone; duty; Earth; edition; Embarcadero; employment; energy signature; ensign; environmental control; epidermal receptor; ethics; examination; Excelsior-class; explorer; faith; fear; Federation; Federation Council; Federation database; feet; female; fence; Ferengi; Ferengi headdress; fiasco; field commission; finger; firepower; first contact; first encounter; first officer; flag; flair; fleet; fluidic space; force field; fountain; full moon; gagh; galaxy; Galaxy-class; garden clipper; genetic alteration technique; genetic extraction; genetic impurity; genetic reversion; genetically altered; gentleman; gin; girl; Golden Gate Bridge; groundskeeper; guide; habitat; hail; hair clip; hand hold; handrail; Hayek, Jason; heaven; Hesterman; high-yield warhead; hologram; holographic projection; holo-image; holo-imaging device; holophotography; homeworld; Hor'Cha, IKSr; hour; Human; Human history; hypospray; impostor; infection; infiltration; insomnia; interrogation; Interspecies Ethics; Intrepid, USS; invasion; invasion force; investigation; isodyne relay; isomorphic injection; Japanese replimat; joke; kilometer; kimono; kiss; Klingon; Klingon martini; Klingonese; lady; lie; lieutenant; lieutenant commander; lieutenant junior grade; life support; lipstick; literature; "live long and prosper"; living quarters; logic; Logistical Support; Lopez; luck; ma'am; magnetic field line; male; manipulation; manual steering column; manure; maple tree; Maquis; March 3rd; Market Street; masquerade; mass destruction; medical tricorder; medlab; meeting; metaphor; microcellular analysis; microcellular scan; midnight; midnight orchid; military; military conflict; military installation; mind; minute; mister; molecule; monitor; month; moon; morgue chamber 3; morning; music; naked; name; nanoprobe; nanoprobe warhead; negotiation; nervous system; neural receptor; neutering; Neutral Zone; night; Night Owl; Nimembeh; Norway-class; nowadays; nuclear weapon; nucleotide; nucleotide sequence; officer; officers' club; offline; online; operations division; operative; optimism; orbit; Orbital Flight Control; order; overalls; oxygen; pacing; PADD; painting; paradox; paranoid; parents; particle synthesis; patrolling; pattern buffer; peace; Pelian; percent; personnel; petri dish; photoevaporation; photon torpedo; phrase; Picard, Jean-Luc; planet; plant; pon farr; population; postmortem analysis; pot shot; power; power system; preemptive strike; Prime Directive; purge; quadrant; Quantum Café; quarters; range; rank; rank pip; ready room; realm; reconnaissance mission; red alert; reference; relaxing; replicate; report; resignation; resumé; Richardson; road; Romulan; roof; rose; saline; sample; San Francisco; scan; scanner; schematic; sciences division; sculpture; seat; security alert; security officer; security station; seduction; service number; shadow; Shaw, George Bernard; sheep; shields; Shuttlebay 2; sickbay; single malt; sir; skeleton; sleep; smile; son; Soviet; species; Species 8472; Species 8472 energy focusing ship; spy; stardate; Starfleet; Starfleet Academy; Starfleet brat; Starfleet Command; Starfleet database; Starfleet Headquarters; Starfleet Intelligence; Starfleet Medical; Starfleet philosophy; Starfleet uniform; starship; statue; status; straw hat; subspace transmission; suicide; surgical bay; surveillance; systems operations; table; tactical alert; Tactical Analysis; tactical report; tactical station; tactical system; Talaxian; targ; target; tattoo; teacher; technology; teetotaler; telepathy; terrace; terrasphere; Terrasphere 8; "the real McCoy"; thermionic generator; thigh; time; time index; toast; tolerance; tongue; tour; training; training ground; transoptic datalink; transport vessel; transporter; transporter lock; transporter malfunction; transporter room; tray; tree; trick; tricorder; trigger; turbolift; type 1 phaser; type 2 phaser; United Federation of Planets; United States; unnamed bloom; vermouth; vessel; viewscreen; violence; Voyager, USS; Vulcan; Vulcan philosophy; Vulcan nerve pinch; Vulcan nightclub; Vulcan salute; wall monitor; war; water; waterfall; weapon; weapons array; weapons range; week; window; wolf; World War III; wrestling; year; yellow alert
- "In the Flesh" at StarTrek.com, the official Star Trek website
- "In the Flesh" at Memory Beta, the wiki for licensed Star Trek works
- "In the Flesh" at Wikipedia
|Star Trek: Voyager
"Once Upon a Time"