(written from a Production point of view)
Jane Crowley (28 November 1888 – 7 August 1970; age 81) was an actress who appeared as a street onlooker in the Star Trek: The Original Series first season episode "The City on the Edge of Forever". She filmed her scene on Friday 3 February 1967 on location at the "40 Acres" backlot. She received no credit for her appearance.
Along with Judith Anderson, Walter Bacon, Bill Borzage, Morgan Farley, Richard Hale, Anthony Jochim, Felix Locher, Celia Lovsky, Leonard Mudie, Charles Seel, Abraham Sofaer, Eleanore Vogel, and Ian Wolfe, she is one of only fourteen Star Trek performers born in the 19th century to appear in any episode or film.
Crowley started her career around 1905 in vaudeville in Manhattan, she then moved on to singing in Chicago nightclubs around 1910, before venturing into Hollywood to become a "photoplayer". There she met her "The City on the Edge of Forever" co-actress, the aforementioned, Eleanore Vogel when they both made their screen debut in July 1919. The two were shortly thereafter discovered by director John Ford, who paired them together because they looked alike, both being middle-aged ladies with dark hair and a similar built. Known as "John Ford's Rosebud Sisters", or simply "The Rose Buds", together appeared in all of his films for the next twenty-five years. These include The Grapes of Wrath (1940, with Max Wagner), The Long Voyage Home (1940), How Green Was My Valley (1941), They Were Expendable (1945), My Darling Clementine (1946), Fort Apache (1948), Wagon Master (1950), The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962, with Dick Cherney, Noble Chissell, Charles Seel, and Max Wagner).
Crowley (again, mostly alongside Vogel) also appeared in films such as The Robe (1953, with Jean Simmons, Jay Robinson, Torin Thatcher, Michael Ansara, Al Cavens, and Sam Gilman), The War of the Worlds (1953, with Dick Cherney, David Sharpe, and Reginald Lal Singh, directed by Byron Haskin), East of Eden (1955), Funny Face (1957, with Monty O'Grady), One-Eyed Jacks (1961, with Elisha Cook, Joe Garcio, and William Meader), Kissin' Cousins (1964, also with Yvonne Craig, Carey Foster, Terri Garr, and Joseph Glick), Mary Poppins (1964, with Walter Bacon, David Hillary Hughes, Kay E. Kuter, and William Meader), and Rosemary's Baby (1968, with Elisha Cook, Gail Bonney, Irene Kelly, and Max Wagner). On television, they also appeared together in episodes of The Rifleman (1961, also with Paul Fix), Thriller (1961, also with Peter Brocco), and Batman (1966).