(written from a Production point of view)
Estelle Louise Fletcher (born 22 July 1934; age 86) is the Academy Award-winning, Emmy Award-nominated American actress who played the Bajoran spiritual leader Vedek (later Kai) Winn Adami in fourteen episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine.
A screen legend in her own right, Fletcher is best known for her performance as the loathsome Nurse Mildred Ratched in the classic film One Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest, which earned her the 1975 Academy Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role. Star Trek: Voyager guest star Brad Dourif was nominated for an Oscar for his performance in the film, while Michael Berryman, Peter Brocco, Christopher Lloyd, and Vincent Schiavelli also had roles. The film featured makeups by Fred Phillips.
Fletcher is one of only four Star Trek performers to have been nominated for a Best Leading Actress Academy Award (the others being Samantha Eggar, Whoopi Goldberg and Jean Simmons) and the only one to have won the award.
Life and early career
Fletcher was born in Birmingham, Alabama. Both of her parents were deaf, and as a result, she learned sign language at a very early age. Her aunt, who taught her how to speak, also introduced her to acting.
Fletcher attended the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where in 1956 she acted in the Institute of Outdoor Drama. After graduation, she traveled to Los Angeles, working as a receptionist by day and taking acting classes at night. By the end of 1958, she was working regularly in television, and continued to do so for several years.
Fletcher made guest appearances on dozens of popular television series, including Maverick, Wagon Train, and Perry Mason. She also appeared in the second episode of the CBS action drama series The Untouchables, which, like Star Trek: The Original Series, was produced by Desilu Studios. She made her film debut with an uncredited role in the 1963 war drama A Gathering of Eagles, which featured Robert Lansing in a supporting role.
Following her marriage to producer Jerry Bick in 1960 and subsequent motherhood, Fletcher went on a long hiatus to raise her family, returning in the 70s. Fletcher divorced Bick in 1978 after 18 years of marriage; they have two grown sons.
Fletcher returned to the silver screen when she was cast by legendary director Robert Altman in the 1974 film Thieves Like Us. Her co-stars in this film included Keith Carradine, John Schuck and Bert Remsen.
In January 1975, Fletcher won the role of Nurse Ratched in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. Five other actresses had turned down the role, and Fletcher was cast only a week before filming began. Not only did Fletcher win the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance (which was presented to her by Jill Ireland and her husband Charles Bronson), but the film also won Best Picture, as well as three other Oscars. Her portrayal of a cruel, sadistic nurse in a 1950s mental ward, stifling patients' individuality (as well as their recovery), was ranked the fifth greatest screen villain by the American Film Institute. 
Since winning her Academy Award, Fletcher has starred in numerous other film projects, the majority of which feature fellow Star Trek alumni. In 1978, she had a memorable supporting role in the comedic thriller The Cheap Detective, co-starring James Cromwell, David Ogden Stiers, Vic Tayback, and Jonathan Banks. The following year, she appeared with her Cuckoo's Nest co-star Christopher Lloyd (Kruge in Star Trek III: The Search for Spock) in the comedy The Lady in Red (also featuring Dick Miller).
In 1983, Star Trek: The Motion Picture special effects director-turned-feature film director and producer Douglas Trumbull cast her in the science fiction film Brainstorm. That same year, she co-starred with fellow recurring DS9 performer Wallace Shawn in Strange Invaders, along with Kenneth Tobey, Dey Young and Thomas Kopache. Fletcher was also cast in the 1984 thriller Firestarter based upon the novel by Stephen King and also costarred Leon Rippy. Fletcher won a Saturn Award as Best Actress from the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films for her role in Brainstorm, and was also nominated for a Saturn Award for her performance in the 1987 horror film Flowers in the Attic. In 1989, she was seen in the martial arts film Best of the Best, which was edited by William Hoy.
Fletcher had a role in the 1990 film Blue Steel, co-starring Clancy Brown, Mike Starr, and William Marshall. She then appeared in the Emmy Award-nominated mini-series In a Child's Name with Jeff Allin, Timothy Carhart, Dennis Cockrum, David Huddleston, Caroline Kava, and Mitch Ryan. In 1992, she was a regular on the short-lived CBS series The Boys of Twilight, along with Amanda McBroom. In 1994, Fletcher co-starred with David Warner in the thriller Tryst, with Seymour Cassel in Tollbooth, and with Bruce Davison in the TV movie Someone Else's Child.
In 1995, Fletcher portrayed Elzabeth Deane in the science fiction film Virtuosity, which involved virtual reality. She then portrayed Nora Bloom on the similarly-themed, short-lived television series VR.5. Fletcher then guest-starred in two 1996 episodes of the CBS series Picket Fences, earning an Emmy Award nomination for her performance in her second episode. Ray Walston was a cast member of the series after recurring in season 1. Her character was the mother of the also deaf Marlee Matlin.
Fletcher was one of several Trek alumni to star in the 1997 film Breast Men, her performance in which earned her a Golden Satellite Award nomination. Among her co-stars in Breast Men were Matt Frewer, Terry O'Quinn, Raphael Sbarge, Frank Novak, and Heidi Swedberg. In 2000, Fletcher co-starred with Whoopi Goldberg in More Dogs Than Bones, and in 2005, she co-starred with Erick Avari in Dancing in Twilight.
Fletcher earned her second Emmy Award nomination for her performance in an episode of CBS' Joan of Arcadia, on which Michael Welch was a regular. Fletcher then appeared on 7th Heaven (which starred Stephen Collins and Catherine Hicks) and had a recurring role on NBC's long-running medical drama, ER. More recently, she portrayed Martha Wilson in the direct-to-video release, A Dennis the Menace Christmas.
In 2009, Fletcher guest-starred in two episodes of the popular NBC series Heroes. Her first episode, "Ink," was directed by former Voyager regular Roxann Dawson and also guest-starred Robert Knepper and Rick Worthy. Her second episode, "Hysterical Blindness," featured series regulars Greg Grunberg, Zachary Quinto, and Cristine Rose.
- For more film and TV projects, see Other Trek connections below.
As Winn Adami
In 1993, Fletcher accepted the role of Vedek Winn in the first season of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. Her portrayal of the inflexible, wry character gave it the condescending edge the part required. After two seasons, her character advanced to the status of Kai, which made her an even more integral part of the DS9 saga. Her recurring character on the series continued until the series finale in 1999.
- "In the Hands of the Prophets" (Season 1)
- "The Circle" (Season 2)
- "The Siege"
- "The Collaborator"
- "Life Support" (Season 3)
- "Rapture" (Season 5)
- "In the Cards"
- "The Reckoning" (Season 6)
- "'Til Death Do Us Part" (Season 7)
- "Strange Bedfellows"
- "The Changing Face of Evil"
- "When It Rains..."
- "What You Leave Behind"
Other Trek connections
Additional film & television works not mentioned above in which Fletcher worked with other Star Trek alumni are:
- Russian Roulette (1975, with Graham Jarvis)
- Strange Behavior (1981, with Dey Young)
- Firestarter (1984, with Leon Rippy)
- The Boy Who Could Fly (1986, with Janet MacLachlan)
- Grizzly II: The Predator (1987, with John Rhys-Davies)
- Mulholland Falls (1996, with Melinda Clarke, Michael Krawic, Titus Welliver, Buddy Joe Hooker, Johnny Martin, Ed Lauter, and Azalea Davila)
- Edie & Pen (1996, with Chris Sarandon and Michael McKean)
- 2 Days in the Valley (1996, with Teri Hatcher and Lawrence Tierney)
- High School High (1996, with Nicholas Worth and Marco Rodriguez)
- Love Kills (1998, with Vincent Schiavelli)
- Cruel Intentions (1999, with Herta Ware)
- Very Mean Men (2000, with Charles Napier)
- Big Eden (2000)
- Manna from Heaven (2002, with Seymour Cassel and Frank Gorshin)
- Finding Home (2003, with Jeannetta Arnette)
- Clipping Adam (2004, with Robert Pine)
- The Genesis Code (2010, with Catherine Hicks)
- One Step Beyond episode "Jeannie" (1959, with Charles Seel)
- Perry Mason episode "The Case of the Mythical Monkeys" (1960, with William Boyett, Lawrence Dobkin, and Bill Erwin)
- Wagon Train episode "The Tom Tuckett Story" (1960, with Don Keefer)
- Perry Mason episode "The Case of the Larcenous Lady" (1960, with William Boyett, Robert Brown, and Byron Morrow)
- The Best of the Post episode "Groper in the Dark" (1961, with John Hoyt)
- The Life and Times of Wyatt Earp episode "The Law Must Be Fair" (1963, with John Anderson, Hal Baylor, Gregg Palmer, George D. Wallace, and Morgan Woodward)
- In the Heat of the Night episode "December Days" (1990, with Andrew Prine and Logan Ramsey)
- Civil Wars episode "The Triumph of DeVille" (1992, with Ray Buktenica, Lawrence Dobkin, and Kenneth Mars)
- Picket Fences episodes "Bye-Bye, Bey-Bey" and "Three Weddings and a Meltdown" (1996, with Ray Walston, Roy Brocksmith, and John de Lancie)
- Profiler episodes "Jack be Nimble, Jack be Quick" and "Victims of Victims" (1998 with Dennis Christopher and James Otis)
- The Practice episode "Rhyme and Reason" (1998, with Ivar Brogger and Robert Pine)
- Fantasy Island episode "Dying to Dance" (1998, with Malcolm McDowell, Mädchen Amick, and Bill Smitrovich)
- Brimstone episode "Encore" (1998, with John Glover, Albert Hall and Lori Petty)
- Wonderfalls episode "Barrel Bear" (2004, with William Sadler)
- ER episode "Refusal of Care" (2005, with Mädchen Amick)
- 7th Heaven episode "Honor Thy Mother" (2005, with Stephen Collins and Catherine Hicks)
- ER episode "Ruby Redux" (2005, with Sam Anderson and Leland Orser)
- ER episode "You Are Here" (2005, with Leland Orser)
- Second Serve (1986, with Jeff Corey and Alice Krige)
- J. Edgar Hoover (1987, with John McLiam and David Ogden Stiers)
- Final Notice (1989, with David Ogden Stiers)
- Nightmare on the 13th Floor (1990, with Frank Kopyc)
- Sins of the Mind (1997, with Cyia Batten and Robert Pine)
- Married to a Stranger (1997, with Ed Lauter)
- Heartless (1997, with Mädchen Amick)
- The Devil's Arithmetic (1999, with Kirsten Dunst)
- A Time to Remember (2003, with Megan Gallagher)