A marine biologist was a biologist who studied the field of science related to oceanography, specifically involved in the study of marine organisms. A marine biologist who specifically studied whales and related species was known as a cetacean biologist, or more specifically, a whale biologist.
Gillian Taylor was a cetacean biologist who worked with the humpback whales, George and Gracie, at Sausalito, California's Cetacean Institute in 1986. During a pizza date with James T. Kirk, Kirk inquired to Taylor how "a nice girl like you got to be a cetacean biologist," she responded that she was "just lucky, I guess." Later, when Kirk and the crew of the HMS Bounty attempted to capture George and Gracie to take back to the 23rd century, Taylor convinced Kirk to take her with him to the future because she was a whale biologist, and "who in the 23rd century knows anything about humpback whales?"