This page contains information regarding Star Trek: Discovery, and thus may contain spoilers.
In one of the events recorded in the Bible, he, along with his brother Aaron, appeared before the Pharaoh, requesting that the Egyptian leader let the Jews go so that they could serve their God in the wilderness. When the Pharaoh refused, Aaron changed the water of the river into blood, demonstrating the power of the Jewish God. (DIS: "New Eden")
The painting entitled Moses Showing the Tables of the Law to the People, depicting an image of Moses showing his people the Tables of the Law, was contained in the library computer aboard the USS Enterprise. This data was flashed on a viewscreen when the Talosians scanned the Enterprise computer in 2254. (TOS-R: "The Cage")
In 2267, after being asked by Captain James T. Kirk what was the point of having books, Attorney-at-Law Samuel T. Cogley responded that books were where the law was. In his opinion, a person would get from a computer the homogenised and pasteurised synthesis of laws, whereas, in books, a person would know the law by reading the original concepts in their own language and learn the intent of the Humans who wrote the laws, from Moses to the Tribunal of Alpha III. (TOS: "Court Martial")
Background information Edit
German monk Bernhard Janzen, who was writing a dissertation about religious symbolism in Star Trek, compared Sisko's smashing the Reckoning Tablet in DS9: "The Reckoning" to Moses smashing the Ten Commandments. 
According to Michael Okuda, the inclusion of the Rembrandt image "Moses Smashing the Tables of the Law" among the remastered library computer images seen in "The Cage" because it was "intended to tie into the theme of humans hating captivity, which is also why I dwelt more on Lincoln than the other American presidents." (Star Trek Encyclopedia (4th ed., vol. 2, p. 55))