The New Paris colonies were Federation colonies on the planet New Paris.

In 2267, the USS Enterprise transported emergency medical supplies to Makus III for transfer to the colonies, which were stricken by a fast spreading plague. (TOS: "The Galileo Seven")

In ultimately unused dialogue from the script of "The Galileo Seven", the inhabitants of the New Paris colonies, at the time of the plague, were said to number in the millions.
It was possible, based on the name New Paris Colony Starbase, that these colonies were consolidated into one colony by 2328.
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