Omicron spores

Omicron spores being blasted out of pod plants

The Omicron spore was the designation given to a spore encountered on the planet Omicron Ceti III. The spores' actual origin is unknown, except that they drifted through deep space until they came to Omicron Ceti, a planet constantly bombarded in berthold rays, which the spores thrive on.

The spores were held in repositories called pod plants, which discharged the spores into the face of anyone who came close. The spores infected a person, protecting them from berthold rays, but also giving them perfect physical health and peace of mind.

In 2264, the spores infected Leila Kalomi, Elias Sandoval, and the other members of the Omicron colony, saving them from the destruction that had been visited upon all other colonies on the planet.

In 2267, the USS Enterprise arrived at Omicron Ceti III, and the colonists there soon spread the spores to the crew of the starship, causing almost the entire crew to desert and beam down to the colony. Only Captain James T. Kirk remained unaffected, and he was able to deduce that his apparent immunity was due to the intense emotions he was feeling. These emotions destroyed the spores, and Kirk was able to incite anger in his science officer, Commander Spock, to free him from the spores as well.

Together, Kirk and Spock built a subsonic transmitter that they used to induce anger into the entire colony at once over the Enterprise crew's communicators, wiping out the spores. (TOS: "This Side of Paradise")

The spores, in the early drafts of this episode, were a communal intelligence; when someone was possessed by them, that individual was granted telepathic abilities to link up with other possessed minds. The abilities of the spores to restore health were complete enough to enable them to return the dead to life. The antidotes for the spores were either the possession of a certain blood type or the introduction of alcohol into the affected person. Originally, Kirk leaped onto Spock and forced liquor down his throat to restore him to normal. In a surprise ending, the spores were revealed to be benevolent, conscious entities who never intended to act against anyone's will. (The Star Trek Compendium)