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Federation presidential seal

Seal of the president of the United Federation of Planets

The president of the United Federation of Planets (informally, the Federation president or the president of the Federation) was the elected head of state and head of government of the United Federation of Planets. (Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home; Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country; DS9: "Homefront", "Paradise Lost")

The Federation president was the chief executive officer of the Federation. The president was responsible for the day-to-day operation of the government, setting and coordinating foreign policy, and dealing with resource distribution issues. (Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country; DS9: "Homefront") The Federation president was also the ultimate authority of all Federation forces (outranking the Commander-in-Chief of Starfleet). (DS9: "Paradise Lost") They had the power to pardon criminals. (DIS: "Will You Take My Hand?") The president received foreign ambassadors and had the authority to control Starfleet deployments and to declare martial law on Federation member worlds. (Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country; DS9: "Homefront") In addition, the president could preside over special courts martial in which the Federation Council served as the judging body. (Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home) If the president was absent, the vice president assumed the powers of the president. (DIS: "The Galactic Barrier")

The president was supported by the Cabinet, a special committee comprising the heads of the executive departments of the Federation government. (DS9: "Extreme Measures")

The Federation president's office was located on Earth in the city of Paris, France. (Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country; DS9: "Homefront", "Paradise Lost") until 3069 (DIS: "People of Earth")

While in the mirror universe, after seeing that mirror Worf was the regent of the Klingon-Cardassian Alliance, Rom was so taken aback he exclaimed "Who's the president of the Federation, Gul Dukat!?" (DS9: "The Emperor's New Cloak")

In the shooting script, Rom says: "So who's president of the Federation? Morn?" (Star Trek: Deep Space Nine Companion - A Series Guide and Script Library)

Jonathan Archer[]

Jonathan Archer, 2161

Jonathan Archer in 2161

Retired United Earth Starfleet Admiral Jonathan Archer served as president from 2184 through 2192. (ENT: "In a Mirror, Darkly, Part II")

Archer's years of service as Federation president were displayed in his Starfleet bio, as viewed by Hoshi Sato in the mirror universe, in "In a Mirror, Darkly, Part II".

Unnamed President, c. 2257[]

In 2257, the Federation president personally pardoned Michael Burnham for her mutiny aboard the USS Shenzhou at the Battle of the Binary Stars, in recognition for her subsequent service aboard the USS Discovery and her role in ending the Federation-Klingon War. (DIS: "Will You Take My Hand?")

This character was only mentioned in dialogue.

This president's name, species, and homeworld have so far gone unestablished. In the Star Trek: Starfleet Academy young adult novel The Assassination Game, the Federation President of the alternate reality's 2255 was an Andorian woman named Pellan Fel (β).

Human President, c. 2286[]

Federation President, 2286

The Federation President in 2286

In 2286, a Human served as the president.

That year, he presided over the council's deliberations concerning the actions of Federation Starfleet Admiral James T. Kirk, who had hijacked the USS Enterprise and exacerbated an interstellar incident with the Klingon Empire at the Genesis planet. Ultimately, the council decided to charge Kirk with nine violations of Starfleet regulations.

When the Whale Probe approached Earth, transmitting its destructive message into the planet's atmosphere, the president decided to broadcast a planetary distress signal to warn all ships to stay away from Earth.

Following the Whale Probe incident (in which Kirk and his crew saved the planet), the president and the council agreed to drop all but one of the charges against the Enterprise crew, the remaining charge of disobeying orders simply resulting in Kirk being demoted to captain – as he wanted all along – in gratitude for their service to Earth and the Federation. (Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home)

Recent novels including Articles of the Federation have given this president's name as "Hiram Roth (β)", a native of Earth. In FASA's Star Trek IV Sourcebook Update, his name was given as "Alistair Fergus (β)".

Efrosian President, c. 2293[]

Efrosian Federation President

The Federation President in 2293

Federation president's office

The President's office in Paris on Earth in 2293

In 2293, the president, an Efrosian, opened negotiations with Klingon chancellor Gorkon, following the destruction of the Klingon moon Praxis. The president was to meet Gorkon on Earth for a peace conference, but Gorkon was assassinated en route by a pair of rogue Starfleet non-commissioned officers. USS Enterprise-A Captain Kirk and Doctor Leonard McCoy were arrested by the Klingons under the rules of interstellar law and charged with Gorkon's assassination; when the Klingon ambassador to the Federation, defended his government's actions and demanded that Kirk and McCoy stand trial, the president conceded, "This president is not above the law."

A short time later, Starfleet Colonel West proposed a military offensive (code-named Operation Retrieve) aimed at invading Klingon space and rescuing the "hostages", Kirk and McCoy. Although West was confident that the prisoners could be retrieved, the president rejected his plan because of the probability that such an act would cause a full-scale war.

At the Khitomer Conference, the president was targeted for assassination by the Starfleet and Klingon conspirators, but the plot was foiled by the crew of the Enterprise with assistance by the crew of the USS Excelsior. (Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country)

The novel Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country establishes this president as Deltan rather than Efrosian. The movie novelization, A.C. Crispin's novel Sarek and Keith R. A. DeCandido's novel Articles of the Federation all give his name as "Ra-ghoratreii (β)". In the reference book Star Trek: Federation - The First 150 Years, Ra-ghoratreii reveals that the Efrosians were once part of the Klingon Empire, and thinks it significant that someone from a former Klingon subject-world is leading the Federation to make peace with them. In the novel Flashback, Kathryn Janeway remembers Ra-ghoratreii as the best president since Abraham Lincoln.

Decipher's Aliens sourcebook gives his name as "Eteon tar-Chereos" and describes him as an Atreonid from Atreos IV.

Jaresh-Inyo, c. 2372[]


Jaresh-Inyo, the Federation President in 2372

Jaresh-Inyos advisors

Jaresh-Inyo's advisors

In 2372, the office was held by Jaresh-Inyo, a Grazerite. His presidency was marked by a number of troubling foreign and domestic policy developments, including the dissolution of the Khitomer Accords and an undeclared war with the Klingon Empire in 2372, increasing tensions with the Dominion, and the rise of the Maquis.

In 2372, fears of Changeling infiltration of the Federation government reached a high point when Dominion agents were discovered to have detonated a bomb at a diplomatic conference between the Federation and the Romulan Star Empire in Antwerp. Starfleet Admiral and Chief of Starfleet Operations Leyton and Captain Benjamin Sisko advocated increased security on Earth following the bombing, and when the planetary power grid was disabled, Inyo declared martial law on the capital planet. Later, it was discovered that the grid had been disabled by Leyton's own agents, and that Leyton was leading an attempted military coup d'etat against the Federation civilian government. Leyton's coup was thwarted by Sisko, but as a result of the scandal, Jaresh-Inyo's political career ended. (DS9: "Homefront", "Paradise Lost")

Jaresh-Inyo left office sometime prior to 2375. While questioning Luther Sloan, Julian Bashir discovered that Section 31 had an operative working in Jaresh-Inyo's cabinet. (DS9: "Extreme Measures")

Ira Steven Behr commented about the search for a Federation president, "We always had problems finding an actor who could pull off the Federation president and make the Federation president have some gravitas." (audio commentary, Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country (2009 DVD/Blu-ray))

The novel Articles of the Federation establishes that Jaresh-Inyo was elected in 2368 and defeated for re-election by Federation Councillor Min Zife of Bolarus shortly after Leyton's attempted takeover. He died in May 2380, being remembered as a great "peace-time president" being credited with the expansion of civil rights for sentient beings, and the opening of diplomatic relations with the Children of Tama, but not one suited for the job when war with the Dominion became inevitable.

Anton Chekov, c. 2401-[]

In 2401, the office was held by Anton Chekov, the son of Starfleet legend Pavel Chekov. That year, a plot by the Borg Collective and a faction of rogue Changelings unfolded and Starfleet was assimilated by the Borg as the result. While the assimilated Starfleet attacked Sol Station and all other Earth-orbiting defense systems, President Chekov sent an emergency signal to the galaxy for all ships to not approach Earth and that they were doing all they could to beat back the latest Borg threat. (PIC: "The Last Generation")

It can be assumed that he's named after the late Anton Yelchin who portrayed Pavel Chekov in the J.J. Abrams Star Trek films.

Unnamed President, c. 3189[]

In 3189, the Federation president ordered Fleet Admiral Charles Vance to conduct negotiations with Minister Osyraa of the Emerald Chain for the release of the USS Discovery and its crew. (DIS: "There Is A Tide...")

Laira Rillak, c. 3190–[]

Laira Rillak

Laira Rillak, the Federation president in 3190

In 3190, Laira Rillak was newly elected when she presided over the reopening of Starfleet Academy and presented the newly built Archer Spacedock. (DIS: "Kobayashi Maru")


Background information[]

The seal of the Federation President, described as representing "the Federation's chief executive", was designed by Herman Zimmerman for Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country. (Star Trek Sticker Book, pg. 10)

According to a newspaper clipping created as background material for Star Trek Generations and entitled "It's Federation Day!", the first President of the United Federation of Planets was former United Earth ambassador Thomas Vanderbilt, appointed upon the founding of the Federation in 2161. Ambassador Sarahd was appointed as his Vice-President. This information, however, was not seen on-screen.

Answering questions as to why Jaresh-Inyo put Earth into a state of emergency, Ronald D. Moore stated:

"We wanted to tell the story of an attempted military coup of the Federation and that meant dealing with the Fed president. However, that meant the troops "in the streets" had to be on Earth and that Earth itself had to be under martial law since the Fed is headquartered on Earth. We discussed having the Prez "federalize" the Earth defense forces or supersede the authority of an indigenous Earth Govt, but the story kept getting too complicated and we didn't want to start mentioning all these other players and organizations that we weren't going to see. So in the end, we skirted the issue of who actually governs Earth. Personally, I think there is an Earth Govt that operates like more powerful versions of States do in the US system, but this is all VERY murky water." (AOL chat, 1997)

During the fifth season of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, Ron D. Moore in an AOL chat gave a summary of what was going on in the show, ending by joking that Morn had become President of the Federation. (AOL chat, 1997)


The method of electing the President of the United Federation of Planets has never been discussed in Star Trek canon. The Last Unicorn sourcebook for the Federation suggests that the President is elected by members of the Federation Council, similar to a parliamentary government.

The President of the Federation and the duties of the office are the subjects of the novel Articles of the Federation, which tells the story of a year in the life of the newly-elected Federation President in a style similar to that of the television series The West Wing. The novel also names several prior Federation Presidents, including the ones who are canonically "name unknown." It establishes that the office is held in four-year terms (without a two-term limit), similar to the modern American presidency.

The novel A Time for War, A Time for Peace establishes that an individual anonymously submits an application for candidacy to the Federation Council, which reviews each application and certifies that a candidate fills all qualifications for the office. Approved candidates then campaign in a popular election. All Federation citizens within and without UFP territory are allowed to submit their ballots, which are tabulated over the course of a week by two independent auditing firms and by the Federation government before a winner is certified. The Federation News Service commonly projects a winner in the days leading up to Election Day, and has never projected erroneously.

Presidents of the United Federation of Planets depicted in the television series, films, novels, and comics include:

  • 2161 – ?: Thomas Vanderbilt (Human male) (Star Trek Generations newspaper clip)
  • (Dates not established: mid-22nd century): Haroun al-Rashid (pronounced "Ha-roon Ar-Ra-sheed") (Human male) (Articles of the Federation by Keith R.A. DeCandido)
  • (Dates not established: mid-22nd century): Avaranthi sh'Rothress (Andorian shen [female]) (Articles of the Federation by Keith R.A. DeCandido)
  • (Dates not established: late 22nd century): T'Maran of Vulcan (Vulcan female) (Articles of the Federation by Keith R.A. DeCandido)
  • 21842192: Jonathan Archer (Human male) (ENT: "In a Mirror, Darkly, Part II")
  • (Exact dates not established: early 2230s, two terms): Madza Bral (Trill female) (Articles of the Federation by Keith R.A. DeCandido)
  • 22652268: Kenneth Wescott (Human male) (Errand of Fury, Book I: Seeds of Rage by Kevin Ryan; date of at least one term from Articles of the Federation by Keith R.A. DeCandido)
  • 22692272: Lorne McLaren (Human male) (Star Trek Core Games Book by Last Unicorn Games; date of at least one term from Articles of the Federation by Keith R.A. DeCandido)
  • 22852288: Hiram Roth (Human male) (Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home, dates of at least one term and name from Articles of the Federation by Keith R.A. DeCandido)
  • 22892300: Ra-ghoratreii (Efrosian male) (Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country", dates from Articles of the Federation by Keith R.A. DeCandido, species name from Star Trek production office name for makeup design, character name from novelization of Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country by J.M. Dillard)
  • Post 2320 (dates not established): Hikaru Sulu (Human male) (The Return by William Shatner)

The Return establishes President Sulu to have been the Federation's only three-term president, but the later novel Articles of the Federation contradicts the idea that there had been no prior three-term presidents by establishing Ra-ghoratreii to have served three terms. All that is mentioned in other works is that Sulu retained his position as captain of the Excelsior until at least 2320.

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