(covers information from several alternate timelines)
In economics, productivity was the rate at which goods were produced, per unit of labor.
In 2364, the Mordanites of Mordan IV were finally able to come to a state of productivity which satisfied their planetary needs, but no more than that, in the five years that followed the Mordan IV civil war. (TNG: "Too Short a Season")
When the con artist posing as Ardra first appeared to the Ventaxians in 2367, she presented a form containing guidelines "for a full census of the population with emphasis on productivity and economic forecasts" of the planet Ventax II. (TNG: "Devil's Due")