Rayburn was a male Human Starfleet crewman who lived during the mid-23rd century. He served in the operations division aboard the USS Enterprise under Captain James T. Kirk, during a historic five-year mission that starship undertook. In 2266, he served as one of the ship's security guards.
That same year, Rayburn was a late assignment to the landing party that arrived on the surface of Exo III. When Kirk and Chapel were beamed to the caverns of Exo III, their expectation was that Dr. Roger Korby would be waiting for them. After beaming down and not finding him waiting for them, Kirk requested a security team; the team consisted of Mathews and Rayburn. He was ordered by Kirk to maintain post at an entry point into the caverns.
After losing Mathews, Kirk contacted Rayburn for a status report. He was ordered by Kirk to inform Spock on the Enterprise that a full security party should be on standby and that they would check in at hourly intervals. Conditions set for the security party beaming down was if Rayburn and Kirk lost contact or if Spock failed to hear from either one of them. Before Rayburn could carry out his orders, he was murdered by Ruk by being strangled. (TOS: "What Are Little Girls Made Of?")