Reform was a process in which a government or other entity was changed.
In the mirror universe, Spock preached reform of the Terran Empire. Shortly after, Spock became Commander-in-Chief of the Empire and instituted his reforms. Unfortunately, these peaceful reforms resulted in the fall of the Empire. (DS9: "Crossover")
In the middle of the 2370s, Grand Nagus Zek, with help from Ishka, began to institute several reforms of the Ferengi Alliance. These reforms included the introduction of taxes which were used to fund social programs such as wage subsidies for the poor, retirement benefits for the elderly and health care. The reforms also included the necessity of "receipts" for bribes – as they had now become tax-deductible. The Nagus also created the Congress of Economic Advisors. Other reforms made waste dumping illegal and established equal rights for all. (DS9: "The Dogs of War")