Domesticated sehlats, which were only slightly smaller than wild sehlats, were a popular pet with Vulcan children. Sehlats, however, were very aggressive, so Vulcan children learned early never to be late with their dinner.
T'Pol had a pet sehlat in her youth. In 2154, a wild sehlat stalked Captain Jonathan Archer and T'Pol, who was by then a Starfleet commander, in Vulcan's Forge. Archer compared the squeals of a sehlat to a Klingon opera that Hoshi Sato once made him listen to. (ENT: "The Forge")
Syrran and T'Pau were able to imitate the screams of a sehlat, and the latter used imitations of those noises to mislead Talok and two Vulcan commandos into the electric discharges of gallicite deposits. (ENT: "Kir'Shara")
Spock had a pet sehlat named I-Chaya during his youth that originally belonged to his father, Sarek. I-Chaya died in 2237, as a result of injuries inflicted from an attack by a le-matya. Because the venom of the le-matya was incurable by that point, Spock chose to have I-Chaya euthanized to end his suffering. (TOS: "Journey to Babel"; TAS: "Yesteryear")
Although the sehlat featured in "Yesteryear" was domesticated, the potentially harmful nature of sehlats in general was referenced in the episode's script. (Babel #5; Enterprise Incidents, number 11, pp. 27 & 29) That teleplay specifically described the species thus; "A sehlat looks something like a giant teddy bear... with six inch fangs. It is not cute... a sehlat can be dangerous as hell. If you make a wrong move, a sehlat will probably rip your arm off... but Vulcans never make wrong moves. That would be illogical."
According to the unauthorized reference book Boldly Writing (p. 5), the animated design of the sehlat was inspired by a speculative article that was published in the 1970 fanzine "Spockanalia 5". Boldly Writing states, "In this piece, the author looks at precedents in nature to see what sort of animal would have six-inch fangs. The author concludes, 'And so our portrait of the sehlat: a carnivore or just possibly tusked omnivore, general shape that of a giant panda, size on the order of an Alaskan brown bear, highly intelligent, and despite the six-inch fangs, of a patient and gentle disposition.... Question: did the sehlat belong to Spock, or was Spock in the care of the sehlat?' The Star Trek production staff read this article, and Storyboard Artist Bob Kline incorporated many of the suggestions into the drawing of the sehlat I-Chaya." (; Star Trek: The Official Guide to the Animated Series, p. 38)
Another basis for the animated appearance of the sehlat was an illustration that fantasy and science fiction artist Alicia Austin drew for D.C. Fontana, who remembered, "Alicia Austin came up with several variations on what a sehlat looks like. I chose one of the early ones as a model – with modifications [....] I-Chaya has a different kind of tail, different shape of face, the broken fang." (Babel #5; Enterprise Incidents, number 11, p. 27) Fontana purposefully instructed the Filmation artists to break off I-Chaya's tooth, in order to give the sehlat a more aged appearance. 
The idea of including a sehlat in "The Forge" was thought up by Judith and Garfield Reeves-Stevens and was written into the episode by them. ("Before Her Time: Decommissioning Enterprise, Part Two: Memorable Voyages", ENT Season 4 Blu-ray special features) Even before the pair had a story for "The Forge", though, a sehlat was one of two elements (the other being T'Pau) that the couple knew they wanted to include in the outing. (Star Trek: The Official Starships Collection, issue 55, p. 15) In the script of "The Forge", the sehlat was described as having a "Jaguar-like cry" and "heavy paws".
The particular sehlat in "The Forge" was a CGI character. With indirect references to the sehlat species, Dan Curry recalled how he and a visual effects team at Eden FX revamped this type of creature for Star Trek: Enterprise; "We looked at the animated series and it just looked nice and pleasant, so I did a couple of sketches to do a reinterpretation of it to make it look scary, but not be too radical a departure from the original [....] John Teska at Eden FX modeled it and visual effects supervisor Art Codron supervised the compositing. We used special software to create the fur and we did it so should the need arise we could look at it fairly closely." (Cinefantastique, Vol. 37, No. 2, p. 37) Remembering a production meeting concerning "The Forge", Judith Reeves-Stevens commented, "They'd gone to town on it and it suddenly consumed many, many more dollars than, of course, we could have. At the end, we were just hoping we could perhaps have a claw on a stick, and have it in off-camera." Garfield Reeves-Stevens added, "For the sehlat, I think it was André [Bormanis] who said, 'If you're gonna be on Vulcan, we have to see a sehlat.'" It was as a result of this that the writers were permitted to include a sehlat in "The Forge". Everyone who was working on the installment was made aware that one of the animals would be in the show. ("Before Her Time: Decommissioning Enterprise, Part Two: Memorable Voyages", ENT Season 4 Blu-ray special features)
As the Reeves-Stevenses were well aware that CGI was extremely expensive, they felt it was best for the sehlat in "The Forge" to appear in a minimum of shots and suggested to show-runner Manny Coto that the animal be portrayed in a total of three shots, to which Coto agreed. The prospect of depicting a sehlat in the episode excited the ENT art department so much, however, that they broke down a storyboard of the sehlat scene in such a way that the creature was to be present in twenty-seven shots. When the Reeves-Stevenses themselves were reprimanded for having too many shots of the sehlat, the couple again recommended showing the beast in only three shots, which was finally approved. ("Before Her Time: Decommissioning Enterprise, Part Two: Memorable Voyages", ENT Season 4 Blu-ray special features) An example of the cutbacks was a closeup of one of the sehlat's claws, viciously swiping at T'Pol but missing her, which was scripted to be shown, though such a moment is not in the episode's final version. In addition to its on-screen appearances, off-camera noises made by the sehlat in "The Forge" can be heard in the episode.
In one scene of the Enterprise episode "Terra Prime", T'Pol was originally to have sung to her daughter, Elizabeth, a Vulcan lullaby about why children are never late with their sehlat's dinner, though this idea was scrapped. ("Terra Prime" audio commentary, ENT Season 4 DVD special features)
The text commentary for "Yesteryear" on the Star Trek: The Animated Series DVDs, which was written by Michael and Denise Okuda, claims that Tuvok also had a pet sehlat. However, no canonical evidence confirming this from Star Trek: Voyager is immediately evident.
The Okudas' text commentary for Star Trek: Enterprise's pilot episode, "Broken Bow", on the ENT Season 1 DVD supposes that sehlats typically smell less foul than dogs, since several Vulcans (naturally hypersensitive) are known to have had a pet sehlat whereas T'Pol found Captain Archer's pet beagle, Porthos, to have a particularly bad odor.
In the Pocket Star Trek: Enterprise relaunch novel Kobayashi Maru, the corpse of a sehlat was found on the floor of a darkened cave on the Vulcan outpost planet Trilan by T'Pol in 2135 (Vulcan Year 8737), the species having been taken to the outpost planet by its Vulcan settlers. T'Pol took bones from the seh'lat's skeleton and later used them to defend herself against a group of Fri'slen, brutal and primitive humanoids who were actually mutated Vulcans. Sehlats are described in the book as an "urso-feline species" and sharp tusks are said to be characteristic of "adolescent-to-fully-grown members" of the species.
The novelization of "Yesteryear" (in Star Trek Log 1) states that sehlats originated in the rain forests of Vulcan's southern hemisphere. The same adaptation also refers to I-Chaya's brown coat as looking "faded in spots to patches of pale beige," and his fangs as being "yellowed" and ten centimeters long, although these physical characteristics are not in keeping with the sehlat's appearance in the episode.
In Star Trek Online, players can have a pet sehlat cub. They are also more feline than depicted in main canon, resembling sabertoothed lions.
In Star Trek: Ongoing comic book "Deity, Part 1", it is mentioned that "a fully grown rabid sehlat" is rumored to have been subdued by a security officer in the alternate reality, Lieutenant Cordry (β), using her bare hands, while she had been visiting Vulcan.