The soliton wave rider was an unmanned test ship used during the mid-24th century.

In 2368, this test ship took part in the soliton wave rider experiment. It was towed to a position approximately two million kilometers from Bilana III. From there it was enveloped and pushed into warp by the soliton wave. The ship was programmed to send telemetry using subspace radio. The test ship transferred energy from the wave to create its warp field. After the power signature of the wave began fluctuating, the ship's warp field destabilized. This caused extreme shearing stress to the hull, resulting in the destruction of the vehicle. (TNG: "New Ground")

The name "soliton wave rider" was taken from the okudagram depicting the "soliton wave rider experiment". According to dialog this was simply a "test ship", and once a "test vehicle".
The Star Trek: The Next Generation Companion (2nd ed., p. 187) refers to it as a "Soliton Wave glider".
For information on history of this studio model, please see TNG studio models.
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