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Graves meets Data

Graves recognizes Soong's work

Android storage vault

A Soong-type android in storage

Data and Lore, internal comparison

An internal comparison of two Soong-type androids

Data's arm

A close look at an arm from a Soong-type android

"Absolutely no aesthetic value whatsoever. Looks like Soong's work."
– Ira Graves upon first viewing Data, 2365 ("The Schizoid Man")

A Soong-type android was a type of android first created by the cyberneticist Dr. Noonian Soong. Soong-type androids were equipped with sophisticated positronic brains. A total of six androids were known to have been created by Dr. Soong, although only the last four had fully functional positronic brains. Dr. Soong had a lot of trouble creating the positronic brain, and it led to him gaining the nickname "Often Wrong Soong" as a result. The first five Soong-type androids were built as images of Dr. Soong in his prime, albeit with pale skin and yellow eyes (his wife Juliana Soong objected to doing so for the fifth (Data), but Noonian did so anyway). The sixth was made in the image of Juliana. For half a century, no other cyberneticist was able to replicate Soong's accomplishment, although Data came close with the creation of his daughter Lal in 2366 using a new advance in cybernetics to transfer his program into the new positronic brain. Unfortunately, it failed, and Lal was deactivated when her brain began to fail. (Star Trek Nemesis; TNG: "Datalore", "The Measure Of A Man", "The Offspring", "Inheritance") Eventually, Bruce Maddox and Soong's son Altan Inigo Soong, working together on Coppelius, were able to create sentient androids based on Noonian Soong's work. (Star Trek: Picard)

Soong-type androids were incapable of alcohol intoxication, yet components in their processing systems were susceptible to disruption by polywater intoxication. (TNG: "The Outrageous Okona", "The Naked Now")

VISORs were able to visualize a halo of energy that most Soong-type androids emanate, which is undetectable to Human senses. However, the advanced body of Juliana Tainer apparently did not do this. (TNG: "Heart of Glory", "Inheritance")

One remarkable feature of sufficiently advanced Soong-types was the ability to be upgraded to or develop true emotions that could be sensed by an empath, although there was a strong possibility of fatal neural system failure. (TNG: "The Offspring", "Inheritance"; Star Trek Nemesis)

It is apparent that Juliana Tainer was capable of true emotion, otherwise Deanna Troi would have noticed a Human that gave off no emotion at all. As for neural system failure, Tainer was not a new life that was unfamiliar with emotion but rather had the memory of an emotionally developed, fully adult Human life behind it.

Although Soong-type androids were only created centuries after, the earliest known existence of Soong-type androids was actually in the year 1893, due to the fact that the android Data was among several members of the USS Enterprise-D to be marooned in San Francisco. Data's head would subsequently stay buried in San Francisco for the duration of several centuries until its unearthing in the 24th century. (TNG: "Time's Arrow")

The beginning groundwork for the Soong-type android was first developed in 2154 by Noonian Soong's ancestor, Dr. Arik Soong, after giving up his work in genetics and realizing that Augmentation would not enhance Humanity. Knowing that he himself would never see the results of his studies, he expected that a descendant of his in two or three generations would be the one to succeed. (ENT: "The Augments")

Parts

Body frame

The body frame was composed of tripolymers which were a non-conductive material. (TNG: "Disaster") A typical Soong-type was made up of eleven sections that had to assembled to make the complete being, namely feet, lower legs with knees, one whole section consisting of the thighs up to the waist, torso, upper arms with elbows, forearms with hands, and the head with the neck. (TNG: "Datalore"); (Star Trek Nemesis); (PIC: "Remembrance") It was possible to at least detach the limbs while the android was functioning, and the forearms required no tools to do so. (TNG: "The Measure Of A Man") The head was capable of retaining all expected functions of that part, including speech, while detached from the body. (TNG: "Disaster")

Other components

Programs

Androids

The Soong-type androids created by Noonian Soong and Data, in chronological order:

Appendices

Appearances

Apocrypha

According to Star Trek Online, by the year 2409 the Federation, and by extension the Klingons, seems to have had success in creating more Soong-type androids, as Veteran subscribers can recruit one Android Bridge Officer for their crew.

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