A spatial disturbance was an astronomical phenomenon.

The Suliban cloaking devices could create spatial disturbances. One such disturbance was detected by Enterprise NX-01's sensors in April 2151, shortly before the ship lost power. A later analysis of that disturbance indicated a stealth vessel with a tricyclic plasma drive. (ENT: "Broken Bow")

In September 2152, Enterprise, under command of the Takret Militia, encountered spatial disturbances while heading into a plasma eddy. (ENT: "The Catwalk")

The coaxial warp drive created detectable spatial disturbances, as encountered by the USS Voyager in 2374. (VOY: "Vis à Vis")

In 2376, the Voyager detected a dark matter asteroid which created a spatial disturbance. (VOY: "One Small Step")

In scripts for Star Trek: Enterprise, trans-dimensional disturbances were most commonly referred to as "spatial disturbances", despite the fact there are other types of spatial disturbances.
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