(Earth Starfleet: uniform variations)
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'''Starfleet uniforms''' are the [[uniform]]s worn for the purpose of displaying membership in the [[Federation]] [[Starfleet]] (and the earlier [[Earth Starfleet|Starfleet]] of [[Earth]]). These uniforms facilitate Starfleet wearers' needs as scientists and researchers. They are also adapted for Starfleet's sometime military role, displaying [[rank insignia]] and position as a form of non-verbal communication of authority and purpose between personnel. The uniforms are designed for comfort even in the most extreme environments. ([[DS9]]: "[[Let He Who Is Without Sin...]]")
A '''Dress uniform''' is a variant of the standard [[Starfleet]] [[Starfleet uniform|uniforms]] worn for special occasions, such as weddings, [[court martial|courts martial]], funerals, and greeting of [[ambassador|ambassadorial]] delegations.
==Earth Starfleet==
[[Captain]] [[James T. Kirk]], [[Commander]] [[Spock]], and [[Doctor]] [[Leonard McCoy]] wore dress uniforms when welcoming [[Vulcan]] ambassador [[Sarek]] and other delegates aboard the [[USS Enterprise (NCC-1701)|USS ''Enterprise'']] in [[2268]]. Dr. McCoy would complain about the fitness of these uniforms, stating that he felt like his neck was "in a sling". ([[TOS]]: "[[Journey to Babel]]")
[[Image:CharlesTripTucker2151.jpg|thumb|[[Commander]] [[Charles_Tucker_III|Charles Tucker]] wearing a Duty Uniform, operations red.]]
[[Image:maxwell Forrest.jpg|thumb|[[Admiral]] [[Maxwell Forrest]] wearing a Service uniform.]]
Throughout the [[2140s]] and [[2150s]], [[Earth Starfleet uniform|Earth Starfleet duty uniforms]] consisted of a navy blue jumpsuit with piping around the shoulder denoting division, coded by color. The breast carried rank insignia in the form of square pips. An [[assignment patch]] was located on the shoulder. Uniform caps were also issued for wear. Excursion jackets were issued, in a variety of colors and materials but maintaining the division color stripes and uniform patches. Excursion jumpsuits were also issued, in beige, with rank insignia attached at the collar.
By [[2161]], a few minor changes were made. On the left arm, the uniform had the ship's emblem and the Starfleet emblem on the right arm. The uniform also had the individual's name on the left breast of the jumpsuit.
Kirk and crew wore dress uniforms again the following year to greet an individual who claimed to be former [[Earth]] [[President of the United States|President]] [[Abraham Lincoln]]. ([[TOS]]: "[[The Savage Curtain]]")
The divisions displayed the following color code:
In [[2365]], [[Captain]] [[Jean-Luc Picard]] and members of his senior staff of the [[USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-D)|USS ''Enterprise''-D]] wore dress uniforms to greet [[Antedean]] delegates, and later [[Betazoid]] ambassador [[Lwaxana Troi]]. ([[TNG]]: "[[Manhunt]]")
* gold – [[command division]]
* red – [[operations division]]
* blue – [[sciences division]]
In addition to duty uniforms, Earth Starfleet also had "Service Uniforms" and "Dress Uniforms". The Service Uniforms, worn with a necktie, resemble the current service uniforms worn by the US Air Force. The Dress Uniforms are similar but have a mandarin collar rather than a necktie.
In early [[2369]] the [[Deep Space 9]] senior officers wore their dress uniforms when making [[first contact]] with the [[Wadi]]. [[Julian Bashir]] was unable to find his. ([[DS9]]: "[[Move Along Home]]")
:''The duty uniform was first seen in "[[Broken Bow]]," and used for the entirety of ''[[Star Trek: Enterprise]]''. Note that these jumpsuits strongly resemble the flight suits worn by [[US]] and [[NATO]] military aviation and missile personnel in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. Blue flight suits were usually worn by [[US]] special mission and missile crews, rather than the usual green flight suits. Zephram Cochrane and the mission crew of the warpship [[Phoenix]] also wore blue military flight suits during their historic mission.
The crew of Deep Space 9 also wore their dress uniforms on other special occasions such as [[Benjamin Sisko]]'s promotion to [[captain]] in [[2371]] and a welcoming party for members of the [[Trill Science Ministry]] in [[2372]]. ([[DS9]]: "[[The Adversary]]", "[[Rejoined]]")
:''During the second season, "new" uniforms were introduced, dyed a slightly lighter blue. Initially worn only by the regular cast members, the uniforms were eventually used by the entire crew (though some background performers could still be seen wearing the older, darker version through the run of the series).
The crew of the [[USS Voyager]], after having become lost in the [[Delta Quadrant]], remained in [[2360s]] style fatigue uniforms right through the [[2370s]]. This was also reflected in their style of dress uniform, seen in [[2376]]. ([[VOY]]: "[[One Small Step]]")
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In the mid-[[2370s]], Starfleet introduced a new dress uniform. (''[[Star Trek: Insurrection]]'', [[DS9]]: "[[Inter Arma Enim Silent Leges]]")
{| class="mainpage" "width: 100%"
[[Image:WNMHGB Helm repair.jpg|thumb|right|Officers in 2265. These uniforms used three division colors: Gold, beige and blue.]]
[[Image:NDSpaceOfficer.jpg|thumb|Starfleet officer dress jacket.]]
! colspan="3"| Starfleet dress uniforms
The Federation Starfleet uniforms worn throughout the [[2250s]] until [[2265]] consisted of black trousers and a division color top, following the below color code. Women's uniform style had a larger open collar. The previous Earth Starfleet style of wearing a patch based on assignment continued, but the patch was moved to the chest. Rank was displayed by sleeve stripes. Work coveralls, with assignment patch embroidered on the breast, were issued in all division colors. There was a dress jacket, of division color edged with gold braid, with braided epaulets, that could be worn with a uniform hat. An excursion jacket, in gray, was also part of this issue. ([[TOS]]: "[[The Cage]]," "[[Where No Man Has Gone Before]]")
| align="center"| [[Image:Archer-2161.jpg|160px|center|2160's style dress uniform, as seen in 2161.]]
| align="center"| [[Image:CommodoreStone.jpg|200px|center|2260's style dress uniform, as seen in 2267.]]
| align="center"| [[Image:AreelShaw.jpg|190px|center|2260's style dress uniform, as seen in 2266.]]
| class="even" style="text-align: center" | '''[[2160s]] uniform'''
| class="even" style="text-align: center" | '''[[2260s]] uniform'''
| class="even" style="text-align: center" | '''[[2260s]] uniform'''
| align="center"| [[Image:OBriensWedding.jpg|180px|center|2360s uniform]]
| align="center"| [[Image:John Kelly burial.jpg|183px|center|2376 uniform, worn on the USS Voyager (slightly shorter than 2360s style).]]
| align="center"| [[Image:Julian Bashir dress uniform.jpg|185px|center|2370s uniform.]]
| class="even" style="text-align: center" | '''Late [[2360s]] uniform'''
| class="even" style="text-align: center" | '''[[USS Voyager]] ([[2376]]) uniform'''
| class="even" style="text-align: center" | '''Mid [[2370s]] uniform'''
Cadets wore a variation of the standard uniform with a black collar, made out af a reflective gray material. ([[TOS]]: "[[Shore Leave]]")
== Other References ==
*[[TOS]]: "[[Court Martial]]"
*[[TNG]]: "[[Data's Day]]"
Color code:
* gold – [[command division]]
* beige – [[operations division]]
* blue – [[sciences division]]
* gray - [[cadet]]
:''While this uniform was in use only for the first two ''[[Star Trek]]'' episodes, it would be seen again on the [[USS Antares|''Antares'']] crew in "[[Charlie X]]" and again in the [[Deep Space Station K-7]] bar scene of "[[The Trouble with Tribbles]]." The captain's uniform hat was never worn, but was seen in Pike's quarters. It was originally created as [[Robert April]]'s officer cap mentioned in an earlier version of the script of "The Cage."''
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[[Image:Kirk Bashir and Obrien.jpg|thumb|Uniformed starship crew. ''Note the Captain's wraparound tunic.'']]
[[Image:Constitution_class_original_recreation.jpg|thumb|Off-duty crewpersons. ''Note the woman to the right in the pants uniform.'']]
In [[2265]], the uniforms were modified slightly, with a new black collar and replacing beige operations uniforms with red. Assignment patches were located on the chest and rank was indicated by sleeve stripes. Women's uniforms had an open collar that closed at their assignment patch, and there was an optional skirt uniform, which is the style most of the female crewmembers chose to wear. There were also variant wraparound tunics worn, in light green for the [[command division]]. These two uniforms had rank on the right shoulder, or on both sleeves, and displayed the assignment patch at the belt fastener. Everyday work jumpsuits were also worn, in all division colors, usually with no assignment or rank patches visible. A vest, seen in beige, was also in issue for excursions or technical personnel. These uniforms were worn until [[2270]], with the following color code:
* gold – [[command division]]
** green - Variant command division wraparound, also in jumpsuits
* red – [[operations division]]
** beige - ''Some officers persisted wearing beige uniforms left over from the previous style, however at least two "modern" (black-collared) beige uniforms were seen in this era, suggesting a possible variant.''
* blue – [[sciences division]]
* gray - [[cadet]] (''the gray cadet uniform was still in issue, seen again in the bar scene of "The Trouble with Tribbles".'')
: ''These uniforms first appeared in "[[The Corbomite Maneuver]]." Kirk's wraparound jacket was light green, one variation (in "Charlie X") with captain's braid on one shoulder, another variation ([[TOS Season 2]]) with black trim and rank on the sleeves. No other officer was ever seen wearing this uniform, although one more green uniform was used, a green service jumpsuit worn by [[Connors|Mr. Connors]].''
: ''With one exception, all women in these uniforms wore the skirt variant. One uniform seen on extras in [[TOS Season 1]] was a woman's gold command uniform with pants. It was created for a scene in "Charlie X" where a pretty crewwoman was transformed into an old hag, who might not have looked appropriate in a skirt uniform.''
:''This uniform style was last seen in "[[Turnabout Intruder]]," although it was later recreated for [[DS9]]: "[[Trials and Tribble-ations]]" and [[ENT]]: "[[In a Mirror, Darkly]]."
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[[Image:STTMP_Crew.jpg|thumb|[[USS Enterprise (NCC-1701)|USS ''Enterprise'']] crewmembers]]
In the early [[2270s]], a new uniform design was introduced, with many different varieties. Most were gray, white, brown or beige, and came either in a one-piece jumpsuit or with matching trousers and tops. These uniforms, like their predecessors, bore individual mission patches on the chest and rank insignia on the sleeve. A distinctive feature of all the uniforms of this period was that the shoes were sewn into the trousers. These uniforms indicated department by a colored circle behind the mission patch, according to this color code:
* White – [[command division]]
* Red – [[operations division]], engineering and maintainance branches
* Gold – [[operations division]], helm, communications and navigation branches
* Gray – [[operations division]], security and services branches
* Orange – [[sciences division]], scientific research and technical branches
* Green – [[sciences division]], medical branch
:''These uniforms were seen in ''[[Star Trek: The Motion Picture]]'' only.''
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==Later 2270s-2350s==
[[Image:Kirk2.jpg|thumb|[[Captain]] [[James T. Kirk]] wearing command white]]
[[Image:Yeomanwithenlisted.jpg|thumb|A [[yeoman]], wearing the optional skirt, and an [[enlisted]] crewman]]
Later in the [[2270s]], uniforms were radically changed. The new officer uniforms had black trousers and asymmetrical red tunics worn over a turtlenecked undershirt in division colors. An optional skirt was available for female officers. Enlisted crew wore crimson and tan jumpsuits over the undershirts. Uniforms worn from this period to the mid-[[2350s]] used this color code:
* White – [[command division]]
* Gold – [[operations division]], helm and engineering branches
* Gray – [[operations division]], communications and navigation branches; also [[sciences division]], scientific research and technical branches
* Dark Green – [[operations division]], security branch
* Light Green – [[sciences division]], medical branch
* Red – [[cadet|cadets]], trainees and junior officers
* Dark Blue – soldiers
* Light Blue – special services
Around this period, Starfleet abandoned the practice of using individual insignia for each mission or ship. From this point on, all Starfleet personnel wore the "arrowhead" insignia previously used by the crew of the [[USS Enterprise (NCC-1701)|USS ''Enterprise'']]. The uniforms of this period bore the new Starfleet insignia on a brass-colored pin worn on the breast; officers wore the insignia with a round-ended rectangular shield backing it. New rank insignia, with individual symbols for each rank, were also introduced, and were worn on the clasp and left wrist of the tunics.
[[Image:Ian andrew troi (lt jg).jpg|thumb|By the first half of the [[24th century]], the division color undershirts no longer had turtleneck collars.]]
In the [[2320s]] the ribbed collars of the division color undershirts were removed. ([[TNG]]: "[[Tapestry]]", "[[Dark Page]]")
By [[2344]], the belts were not used anymore; later on in the [[2340s]] the uniform insignia was replaced with a new design of [[combadge]]. ([[TNG]]: "[[Yesterday's Enterprise|Yesterday's ''Enterprise'']]", "[[Family]]")
:''In addition to lacking belts, "Yesterday's ''Enterprise''" ([[TNG]]) had the undershirts no longer being visible over the collar of the uniforms, so it is not clear if they were still in use. The shoulder strap and wristband still displayed the division color, however.''
:''This uniform style was first seen in ''[[Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan]]''. Its earliest chronological appearance is on the crew of the [[USS Bozeman|USS ''Bozeman'']] in [[TNG]]: "[[Cause and Effect]]" ([[2278]]). Its latest chronological appearance is in the [[holographic]] message [[Jack Crusher]] recorded for his son [[Wesley Crusher|Wesley]] in [[2349]] in "Family", where a TNG-style communication badge was used because the art department had no contemporary available. The previous uniform insignia was in fact used as a communications badge, however, as evidenced by [[Richard Castillo]] of the [[USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-C)|USS ''Enterprise''-C]], although since the "flip" communicators were still in use as of ''[[Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country]]'', it's likely that that insignia was later modified to be used as a communicator, and that it didn't always have that capability.''
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[[Image:Tasha_yar.jpg|thumb|[[Lieutenant]] [[Natasha Yar]] wearing operations gold.]]
In the early [[2350s]], the uniforms underwent another radical redesign, reminiscent of the mid-23rd century uniforms. They consisted of a tight-fitting jumpsuit, mostly of black, with the chest area and shoulder piping in the appropriate division color:
* Red – [[command division]]
* Gold – [[operations division]]
* Blue – [[sciences division]]
The rank insignia was also simplified from differently shaped symbols to smaller circular pips, either in gold or black (to signify partial rank). The [[communicator]] was now worn as a pin called the [[combadge]] on the breast of the uniform; at this time the combadge was in the shape of the Starfleet arrowhead, with an oval background.
There was an optional skirt uniform for both men and women.
:''This uniform style was first seen in [[TNG]]: "[[Encounter at Farpoint]]." Its earliest chronological appearance is in [[Beverly Crusher]]'s memory of viewing her husband's body with [[Jean-Luc Picard]] in [[2354]] ([[TNG]]: "[[Violations]]"). The crew of [[USS Stargazer|Stargazer]] is also wearing these uniforms in [[2355]]. [[TNG]]: "[[The Battle]]" This uniform style was last seen in [[TNG]]: "[[Shades of Gray]]," although it can be seen on extras and background personnel until [[TNG Season 4]], when the jumpsuits were finally altered with the new top. However, [[ENT]]: "[[These Are the Voyages...]]" establishes that these uniforms were worn by some personnel as late as [[2370]] (although the image in which this can be seen is clearly archive material from the [[TNG]] series).
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[[Image:Picard and Sisko.jpg|thumb|[[Captain]] [[Jean-Luc Picard]] and [[Commander]] [[Benjamin Sisko]] wearing two versions of this era's uniform in command red.]]
[[Image:Captains jacket.jpg|thumb|Captain Picard wearing the Command variant uniform, in 2368.]]
[[Image:Obrien.jpg|thumb|Miles O'Brien, wearing the new combadge in 2371.]]
In [[2366]], the look of the uniform was modified slightly. The shoulder piping was removed, and the collar was raised. The jumpsuit was replaced with black trousers and a looser fitting top. The same division color codes were kept. This modification was introduced gradually, starting with senior officers.
:''This modification was first seen in [[TNG]]: "[[Evolution]]," and was last seen in [[DS9]]: "[[Rapture]]."''
Starfleet cadets at this time wore black jumpsuits with a solid shoulder area in division colors. In place of rank insignia, the pips on a cadet's collar indicated his or her class at the Academy. ([[TNG]]: "[[Allegiance]]," "[[The First Duty]]")
A variant suede jacket was issued in command red, with quilted black shoulders that had vertical stitching on the shoulders; this was worn over a gray undershirt with black shoulders. Rank insignia were worn on the collar of the undershirt. When Captain Picard was turned into a child by a transporter accident, he wore a similar jacket, but it did not have quilted shoulders, and he simply wore a black round-necked shirt under it. ([[TNG]]: "[[Rascals]]")
:''Picard's "captain's jacket" first appeared in [[TNG]]: "[[Darmok (episode)|Darmok]]."''
Another uniform variant was also in use around [[2369]]. This variant was all in black, with only the shoulders in the division color. The collar of the jacket was usually worn open, revealing a gray turtleneck undershirt which held the rank insignia. Again, the same division color codes were kept.
This uniform variant was used on [[space station]]s (''[[Star Trek: Deep Space Nine]]'') and on starships, either replacing the previous uniform style (''[[Star Trek: Voyager]]'') or in conjunction with it. Some officers regularly switched between the two variants (''[[Star Trek: Generations]]''). It was also in use by some personnel on [[Earth]] ([[VOY]]: "[[Non Sequitur]]"), although the majority of [[Starfleet Command]] personnel wore the standard uniform ([[DS9]]: "[[Paradise Lost]]").
:''This variant was first seen in [[DS9]]: "[[Emissary (episode)|Emissary]]," and was used on that series until "[[The Ascent]]". ''Star Trek: Voyager'' used it throughout its run.''
In [[2371]], the shape of the combadge was altered. The new combadges had a slightly rounded rectangle instead of an oval behind the Starfleet arrowhead.
:''The new combadge was first seen in [[DS9]]: "[[The Search, Part I]]".
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==2373 onward==
[[Image:GeordiLaForge2379.jpg|thumb|[[Lieutenant Commander]] [[Geordi La Forge]] wearing operations gold.]]
In [[2373]] the uniform was again modified, maintaining the same basic shape and division colors, but swapping the colors on the shoulders and turtleneck. The gray shoulder area was now quilted with vertical stitches. The division colors were also displayed on each wrist as a colored hoop. Cadets wore a uniform almost identical to the variant worn until 2373, except the black was replaced with a light gray. Cadets with special distinctions (such as [[Red Squad]]) wore the emblem on the collar opposite the rank insignia.
:''This uniform style was created for ''[[Star Trek: First Contact]]'', and was first seen on ''[[Star Trek: Deep Space Nine]]'' in the episode "[[Rapture]]". The crew on ''[[Star Trek: Voyager]]'' continued to use the previous uniform style, but beginning with "[[Message in a Bottle]]" all Starfleet personnel from the [[Alpha Quadrant]] were seen to wear the gray and black uniform.''
A variant uniform was worn by some Starfleet Captains such as Jean-Luc Picard. The turtleneck undershirt was still worn but in place of the top was a waistcoat-like garment. The style of the waistcoat was similar to that of the regular top although the quilted shoulder region now extended to the lower chest/upper abdomen and the frontal neck of the "Captain's waistcoat" was open to the line of the combadge.
:''The "Captain's waistcoat" was worn by Captain Picard in ''[[Star Trek: First Contact]]'' and by Captain Sisko in "Rapture". It was also worn by [[Section 31]] operative [[Luther Sloan]] when posing as a deputy director in [[DS9]]: "[[Inquisition]]".
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== Uniforms of alternate futures ==
[[Image:Alternate-barclay.jpg|thumb|[[Commander]] [[Reginald Barclay]] wearing operations gold of an alternate future]]
Several [[alternate timeline|alternate futures]] have depicted Starfleet uniforms in the [[2390s]] and early [[25th century]]. In most of these, the uniforms were composed of a short tunic in division colors, worn with high-waisted black trousers. The tunic had asymmetric lines reminiscent of the maroon uniforms of the previous century; it also had a black line across the chest.
:''These uniforms were first seen in the [[anti-time future]] [[2395]] in [[TNG]]: "[[All Good Things...]]." They were also used for the alternate futures seen in [[DS9]]: "[[The Visitor]]" ([[2422]]) and in [[VOY]]: "[[Endgame]]" ([[2404]]), but were not used in the alternate [[2390]] in [[VOY]]: "[[Timeless]]," though it utilized a future combadge, so presumably if they are adopted in the "real" timeline it will happen between 2390 and 2395.''
==Other Uniforms==
Different uniforms were worn for circumstances other than general service. For example, dress uniforms were worn for diplomatic functions. The dress uniforms used from the [[2350s]] to [[2374]] were long tunics in division colors, with black shoulder bands, worn over black trousers. In [[2375]], a new white dress uniform was introduced.
:''See the [[dress uniform]] article for more information.''
[[Image:Worf2375.jpg|thumb|[[Worf]] wearing his [[Klingon]] sash.]] Some officers wore alternate uniforms at times. [[Deanna Troi]] often wore casual clothing while on duty. Other officers, such as [[Worf]] and [[Ro Laren]], were allowed to wear accessories relating to their culture with their uniforms, but this was at the discretion of the captain.
==Notes and References==
The Starfleet uniforms worn during ''[[Star Trek: The Original Series]]'' were designed by [[William Ware Theiss]], who returned to design the [[Star Trek: The Next Generation]] uniforms (which were further adapted into future versions on [[DS9]], [[VOY]] and the [[TNG]]-era films by [[Robert Blackman]]). [[Robert Fletcher]] designed the uniforms seen throughout the movies, with later new designs provided by [[Nilo Rodis]].
* [ Ex Astris Scientia] has detailed images and descriptions of Starfleet uniforms of various eras, mostly taken from the pages of ''Star Trek: The Magazine''.
* [ Spike's Star Trek Site] also has extensive images and descriptions of Starfleet uniforms.

Revision as of 18:30, November 9, 2005

A Dress uniform is a variant of the standard Starfleet uniforms worn for special occasions, such as weddings, courts martial, funerals, and greeting of ambassadorial delegations.

Captain James T. Kirk, Commander Spock, and Doctor Leonard McCoy wore dress uniforms when welcoming Vulcan ambassador Sarek and other delegates aboard the USS Enterprise in 2268. Dr. McCoy would complain about the fitness of these uniforms, stating that he felt like his neck was "in a sling". (TOS: "Journey to Babel")

Kirk and crew wore dress uniforms again the following year to greet an individual who claimed to be former Earth President Abraham Lincoln. (TOS: "The Savage Curtain")

In 2365, Captain Jean-Luc Picard and members of his senior staff of the USS Enterprise-D wore dress uniforms to greet Antedean delegates, and later Betazoid ambassador Lwaxana Troi. (TNG: "Manhunt")

In early 2369 the Deep Space 9 senior officers wore their dress uniforms when making first contact with the Wadi. Julian Bashir was unable to find his. (DS9: "Move Along Home")

The crew of Deep Space 9 also wore their dress uniforms on other special occasions such as Benjamin Sisko's promotion to captain in 2371 and a welcoming party for members of the Trill Science Ministry in 2372. (DS9: "The Adversary", "Rejoined")

The crew of the USS Voyager, after having become lost in the Delta Quadrant, remained in 2360s style fatigue uniforms right through the 2370s. This was also reflected in their style of dress uniform, seen in 2376. (VOY: "One Small Step")

In the mid-2370s, Starfleet introduced a new dress uniform. (Star Trek: Insurrection, DS9: "Inter Arma Enim Silent Leges")

Starfleet dress uniforms
2160s uniform 2260s uniform 2260s uniform
John Kelly burial
Late 2360s uniform USS Voyager (2376) uniform Mid 2370s uniform

Other References

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