Translinear sensors were a form of sensor technology in use during the 22nd century.

In 2151, the Vahklas, a Vulcan civilian transport ship, was equipped with translinear sensors. Tavin, the commanding officer of the Vulcan craft, offered to use his ship's translinear sensors to assist in a survey of the Arachnid Nebula by the Earth starship Enterprise. Using the sensors, they were able to shorten Enterprise's analysis of the nebula from several weeks to several days. (ENT: "Fusion")

In the first draft script of "Fusion" (which had the working title "Equilibrium"), instead of specifically identified "translinear sensors", the sensors with which the Vahklas was equipped were referred to as "navigational sensors" that were "quite sophisticated."
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