Vega was the primary of its system.
The location of Vega was depicted on a star chart in astrometrics on the USS Voyager in 2376. (VOY: "Child's Play")
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Background information Edit
Vega is a real star about 25 light years from Earth. The Vega colony, presumably at Vega, was established prior to 2151.
According to Star Trek: Star Charts (pp. 36, 44) and Stellar Cartography: The Starfleet Reference Library ("Federation Historical Highlights, 2161-2385"), the Vega (Alpha Lyrae) system was located in the Alpha Quadrant. The primary was an A-class star. In the 19th century, it was the capital system of the Vegan Tyranny (β). In the mid-22nd century, this system was a destination on the Earth trade routes. In the late 24th century, this Federation system was a destination on a major space lane.
There exists a picture of Steven Lance, who played a Rhaandarite, identifying him as a being from the planet Vega. This may be linked to early the mention of Vegans in the crowd. 
In the 1977 children's storybook The Prisoner of Vega, Klingons capture Queen Vanadala of Vega III and take over her planet.
In the game Star Trek Online, the Vega system was the site of a renewed Borg attack in 2409, and where the tutorial for Federation players takes place.
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