Jake Sisko signing the title page of his novel, Anslem.

A writer was an individual who wrote literature. A poet was a writer who specialized in the art of poetry.

Before writing, the individual began with an idea. In fiction, this idea was the foundation upon which a plot was written. Being observant of and living life ("writing what you know"), having curiosity and taking advantage of an oppurtunity, having creativity and imagination, and having good listening skills were requirements for a writer. An inherent bias in the writer was the role that civilization and ethnicity shaped their point-of-view. When an individual's writings were published by a publisher, from which they earned a profit, they became known as an author. (TNG: "Time's Arrow, Part II"; DS9: "The Wire", "Facets", "The Visitor", "The Muse", "You Are Cordially Invited")

Petrarch (or Francesco Petrarca) was an Italian writer on Earth during the 14th century. (VOY: "Concerning Flight")

Jake Sisko chose to become a writer instead of joining Starfleet like his father. Starting with poetry, Jake soon developed a fondness and talent for writing. He started at least two works; the novel Anslem, and the short story "Past Prologue". In 2373, Jake joined the Federation News Service as a war correspondent, remaining on Deep Space 9 while it was under Dominion control. (DS9: "The Abandoned", "The Muse", "The Ascent", "Call to Arms")

Newspaper and magazine writers served under an editor, who was responsible for the contents of the publication. An editor would give assignments to writers, and then in turn review the writers' works, make suggestions for changes, and compile these works for distribution. In 2374, Captain Benjamin Sisko experienced a vision from the Bajoran Prophets, in which he served as a writer for the Incredible Tales of Scientific Wonder, along with Herbert Rossoff, Julius Eaton, Kay Eaton and Albert Macklin. (DS9: "Far Beyond the Stars")

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