Space: the final frontier. These are the voyages of the starship Enterprise. Its five-year mission: to explore strange new worlds, to seek out new life and new civilizations, to boldly go where no man has gone before.
《星際迷航：原初系列》（Star Trek:The Original Series，正式名稱只有「星際迷航」，即"Star Trek"）是《星際迷航》系列作品的第一部電視劇。公映的第一集1966年9月8日在NBC上播出。這部電視劇由吉恩·羅登貝瑞創作，他起初的創意是要做一部「星際間的《篷車隊》（Wagon Train）」。《星際迷航》的故事被設定在23世紀的星艦「進取號」上。《星際迷航》後來被稱作「原初系列」，或者簡稱為TOS；它因此得以與後來幾部電視劇區開來。它在拍攝三季後於1969年被砍掉了。當這個系列在電視上播映的時候，它的關注度很低；但當它被叫停並賣給辛迪加之後，它卻突然流行了起來——這或許是因為它的主題所展現的烏托邦式社會和種族平等。
主要演員[edit | edit source]
主演[edit | edit source]
其他主演[edit | edit source]
- James Doohan飾斯科特
- Nichelle Nichols飾烏乎拉
- George Takei飾蘇魯
- Walter Koenig飾契科夫 （1967年-1969年）
- Majel Barrett飾查佩爾
- Grace Lee Whitney飾珍妮絲·蘭德 （1966年）
劇組[edit | edit source]
- Gene Roddenberry：創作者、編劇、製片、執行製片
- Gene L. Coon：編劇、製片
- John Meredyth Lucas：編劇、製片、導演
- Fred Freiberger：製片
- Robert Justman：副製片、聯合製片、第一副導演（兩個試播集）
- Steven W. Carabatsos：編劇、劇情顧問
- D.C. Fontana：編劇、劇本顧問
- Arthur H. Singer：劇情顧問
- John D.F. Black：聯合製片、編劇、劇情編輯
- Byron Haskin：副製片（第一試播集）
- William E. Snyder：攝影總監（第一試播集）
- Ernest Haller：攝影總監（第二試播集）
- Jerry Finnerman：攝影總監（61集，1966年到1968年）
- Keith Smith：攝影總監（1集，1967年）
- Al Francis：攝影總監（16集，1968年到1969年），攝像（61集，1966年到1968年）
- Walter "Matt" Jefferies：製作設計師，藝術總監
- James Rugg：特效主管
- Rolland M. Brooks：藝術總監（34集，1965年到1967年）
- Fred B. Phillips：化妝
- Robert Dawn：化妝（第二試播集）
- William Ware Theiss：服裝設計
- Gregg Peters：第一副導演，Unit Production Manager，副製片
- Claude Binyon, Jr.：副導演（第三季）
劇集列表[edit | edit source]
第一試播集[edit | edit source]
|Title||Episode||Prodno.||Stardate||Original Airdate||Remastered Airdate|
第一季[edit | edit source]
第二季[edit | edit source]
第三季[edit | edit source]
幕後[edit | edit source]
早期創作[edit | edit source]
《星際迷航》系列作品是Gene Roddenberry創立的。他對科幻小說的興趣最早始於19世紀40年代他與《Astounding Stories》雜誌接觸的時候。Roddenberry發表的第一部科幻作品是《The Secret Weapon of 117》，這部作品在1956年於Chevron Theatre演出。1963年年時，Roddenberry在製作他的第一部電視劇《The Lieutenant》；這部作品在米高梅（MGM）播出。
在1963年，MGM認為忠於現實的電視節目不再那麼流行了，並且認為應該拍攝更多的動作片（這個想法被歷史證明是完全正確的，並且導致了例如《The Man from U.N.C.L.E》等電視節目的出現）。而吉恩從1960年就已經開始構思《星際迷航》的拍攝了。當他向MGM透露這一計劃時，MGM表示期待看到他的作品。在《The Lieutenant》拍攝結束後，吉恩被安排拍攝《星際迷航》。然而製片方對此並不感興趣，因此這個計劃很快就咕了。
購買到劇本後，Desilu開始了同CBS的接觸，希望能夠將《星際迷航》搬上電視熒幕，但CBS最終選擇了另一部同題材電視劇——《迷失太空》（Lost in Space）。但在1964年5月，CBS表示願意給吉恩一個機會來寫三部劇本，他們將選擇其中的一部播出。
The first pilot[edit | edit source]
在10月上旬，《囚籠》開拍的準備工作開始了。 吉恩改動了劇組的一些成員: 他雇用和他一起拍過《The Lieutenant》的Morris Chapnick作為他的助理，而Pato Guzman被Franz Bachelin代替。 Matt Jefferies設計了進取號的外型、內飾和道具。在1964年11月之前， 拍攝場地的建築在Culver 舞台14、15和16布置好了。但吉恩對舞台並不感到滿意，因為它們的台階不平，牆壁也不隔音。不過後來在1966年，拍攝的場地搬到了派拉蒙舞台9和10，那裡的拍攝條件更好。
招募演員卻並不是什麼難事。《囚籠》的主角派克艦長（本來依然叫作羅伯特·埃普麗爾，後來把名字改成了「Winter」，最後才改成派克）由Jeffrey Hunter出演，Leonard Nimoy (Spock) had worked with Roddenberry on The Lieutenant. Majel Barrett, also a familiar face from The Lieutenant got the part of the ship's female first officer, Number One. Veteran character actor John Hoyt, who worked on many science fiction and fantasy projects before, was chosen to play the role of Doctor Phillip Boyce. Young Peter Duryea and Laurel Goodwin were hired as José Tyler and Yeoman J.M. Colt respectively. The extras were cast from a diversity of ethnic groups, which was significant because integration was not a usual occurrence in 1960s television, and segregation was still a reality in the United States.
To produce the pilot episode, Robert Justman was hired as assistant director; he had worked on The Outer Limits shortly before. Makeup artist Fred Phillips was brought in as well, whose first job it was to create Spock's ears. Another veteran from The Outer Limits was producer-director Byron Haskin, who joined as associate producer. On 1964年November月27日, the first scenes of "The Cage" (or "The Menagerie," as it was briefly known), were shot. Filming was scheduled to be eleven days, however the production went highly overbudget and overschedule, resulting in sixteen shooting days and $164,248 plus expenses.
But there were still a lot of visual effects to be made. An eleven-foot filming model of the 聯邦星艦Enterprise, designed by Matt Jefferies, was built by Richard Datin, Mel Keys and Vernon Sion in Volmer Jensen's model shop, and was delivered to the Howard Anderson Company on 1964年December月29日.
In 1965年February月, the final version of "The Cage" was delivered at NBC and screened in New York City. NBC officials liked the first pilot. Desilu's Herb Solow says that NBC was surprised by how realistic it looked, and that it was "the most fantastic thing we've ever seen." The reason the pilot was rejected was because it was believed that it would attract only a small audience, and they wanted more action and adventure. They also had problems with the "satanic" Spock and the female first officer (Number One) played by Majel Barrett. However, NBC was convinced that Star Trek could be made into a television series, and that NBC itself had been at fault for choosing the "The Cage" script from the original three stories pitched. Also, after spending $630,000 on "The Cage" (the most expensive TV pilot at the time) they didn't want to have their money wasted. NBC then made the unprecedented move to order a second pilot.
The second pilot[edit | edit source]
For the second pilot, NBC requested three story outlines again. These were 《Where No Man Has Gone Before》 by Samuel A. Peeples, 《Mudd's Women》 and 《The Omega Glory》 by Roddenberry. Although it was the most expensive of the three, NBC chose 《Where No Man Has Gone Before》, as it had the most action and most outer space spectacle. However, the other two premises were also made into episodes of the series later.
Filming the second pilot began in 1965年July月, and took nine days to complete. The entire cast of 《The Cage》 was replaced except Spock. Jeffrey Hunter chose not to reprise his role as Captain Pike, mostly by the advice of his wife, who felt that "science fiction ruins her husband's career". Roddenberry wanted both Lloyd Bridges and Jack Lord for the role of the new captain, however both declined. Finally William Shatner was chosen, who had science fiction experience before, acting in episodes of The Twilight Zone and The Outer Limits. The new captain was named James R. Kirk (later renamed James T. Kirk).
For the role of the chief medical officer, Roddenberry chose veteran actor Paul Fix. Canadian actor James Doohan got the role of chief engineer Scott, and young Japanese-American George Takei was featured as ship's physicist Sulu. The latter two reprised their roles in the upcoming series. Other actors considered for being regulars were Lloyd Haynes as communications officer Alden and Andrea Dromm as Yeoman Smith, but neither of them were re-hired after the pilot.
Many of the production staff were replaced. Robert Dawn served as head make-up artist, however Fred Phillips returned to the position in the series itself. Academy Award winner cinematographer Ernest Haller came out of semi-retirement to work as the director of photography. Associate producer Byron Haskin was replaced by Robert Justman who now shared double duties as producer and assistant director.
The Enterprise model was updated for the second pilot, and many new outer space effects shots were made, which were mostly reused in the series itself. The sets were also updated a bit, most notably the main bridge and the transporter room. Uniforms, props and sets were mostly reused from 《The Cage》, however some new props (including the never-seen-again phaser rifle) and a brand new matte painting (planet Delta Vega) were made specially for this episode.
《Where No Man Has Gone Before》 was accepted by NBC and the first season of a regular series was ordered for broadcasting in the 1966-67 television season. History was made.
The series begins[edit | edit source]
Preparation for the first regular season began in early 1966年. All the Enterprise interior sets were updated, as well as the introduction of brand new uniforms. The look of the show became more colorful and more vivid. The Enterprise model was also updated once more. Also, the entire production was moved from Desilu's Culver City studios to the main Gower Street studio's Stage 9 and 10 (Paramount Stage 31 and 32 from 1967 onwards) in Hollywood.
Kirk (Shatner) and Spock (Nimoy) were kept as the series stars, with Grace Lee Whitney joining the two as Yeoman Janice Rand (replacing Andrea Dromm (Yeoman Smith)). Whitney worked with Roddenberry a year before on an unsold pilot titled Police Story. Publicity photos, promoting the new series were made at this time, with the three of them, mostly using props left from the two pilots (most notably the aforementioned phaser rifle). Shatner and Nimoy wore their new uniforms on these photographs, while Whitney had to wear an old, pilot version.
Scott (Doohan) and Sulu (Takei) were also kept, the latter becoming the ship's helmsman instead of physicist. Two additions made the Enterprise main crew complete: DeForest Kelley was hired to play the new chief medical officer, Leonard McCoy, as Roddenberry had known him from previous projects, including the aforementioned Police Story. Actress Nichelle Nichols got the role of communications officer Uhura, who became a symbol of the racial and gender diversity of the show. Nichols was a last minute addition, weeks before filming began on the first regular episode.
Jerry Finnerman became the new director of photography, while Fred Phillips, Matt Jefferies and Rolland M. Brooks returned to their former positions. Writer John D.F. Black was brought in as the second associate producer (next to Justman). While Roddenberry and Black handled the script and story issues, Justman was in charge of the physical aspects of production.
Filming of the first regular episode, 《The Corbomite Maneuver》 began on 1966年May月24日. Finally Star Trek debuted on NBC with a "Sneak Preview" episode at 8:30PM (EST) on 1966年September月8日. NBC chose 《The Man Trap》 (the fifth episode in production order) to air first, mainly because they felt it was more of a "traditional monster story" and featured more action.
The first season[edit | edit source]
In 1966年August月 several changes were made in the Star Trek production staff. Roddenberry stepped down as line producer and became the executive producer. His replacement was Gene L. Coon, who also regularly contributed to the series as a writer. While Black had also left the series, story editor Steven W. Carabatsos came in, who now shared story duties with Roddenberry and Coon. To handle post-production, Edward K. Milkis was brought in by Justman. Carabatsos had left Star Trek near the end of the season, and was replaced by D.C. Fontana, formerly Roddenberry's secretary and a writer for the series.
Background[edit | edit source]
- Gene Roddenberry wrote lyrics for the "Theme from Star Trek" in order to secure a partial writer's credit for the song. These lyrics were never recorded as part of the original theme song, and thus were never aired.
- Due to the overall length of the episodes of the original series, several minutes of each episode are usually cut during the show's re-runs, notably on the Sci-Fi Channel. Starting in April 2006, the G4 network began airing the full length episodes in "Uncut Marathons" on Saturdays. G4 stopped airing these full-length versions in November 2006, and has discontinued its run of Star Trek 2.0, which was a trivia-oriented and interactive version of the show for the viewers. For current airings see Where to watch.
- Star Trek inadvertently created a split infinitive in its opening tagline: "To boldly go where no man/one has gone before." This fact was memorably highlighted by Cambridge-educated sci-fi writer and satirist Douglas Adams who wrote in his Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy that, "all dared to brave unknown terrors, to do mighty deeds, to boldly split infinitives that no man had split before, and thus was the Empire forged." The pilot episode of Star Trek: Enterprise, 《Broken Bow》, has Zefram Cochrane delivering that phrase without the split infinitive as "to go boldly." The English rule forbidding split infinitives appeared in the mid-19th century; however, modern reference books do not include this rule, and the "to boldly go" from Star Trek is a prime example of where a split infinitive is perfectly acceptable.
- The Original Series has been nominated for and won a number of awards over the years. Some of the awards include:
- The series was nominated for thirteen Emmy Awards during its run, but did not win any.
- It was nominated eight times for the "Best Dramatic Presentation" Hugo Award, sweeping the nominees in 1968. It won twice, and Roddenberry won a special award in 1968.
- The 2003 "Pop Culture Award" in the TV Land Awards.
- The 2005 Saturn Award for "Best DVD Retro Television Release."
Remastered[edit | edit source]
- See the main article.
On 2006年August月31日, CBS Paramount Television announced that, in celebration of the 40th anniversary of Star Trek, the show would return to broadcast syndication for the first time in sixteen years. The series' 79 episodes were digitally remastered with all new visual effects and music. The refurbished episodes have been converted from the original film to a high-definition format similar to that used on Star Trek: Enterprise.
Related topics[edit | edit source]
- TOS performers
- TOS recurring characters
- Main character crossover appearances
- TOS directors
- Undeveloped TOS episodes
- Desilu Stage 9
- Desilu Stage 10
Media[edit | edit source]
- Star Trek: The Original Series on CED
- Star Trek: The Original Series on VHS
- Star Trek: The Original Series on Betamax
- Star Trek: The Original Series on LaserDisc
- Star Trek: The Original Series on DVD
- Star Trek: The Original Series on Blu-ray
- Star Trek: The Original Series soundtracks