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這個條目是從現實角度來編寫的。Icon-Realworld-POV


星際迷航(原名)
星際迷航:原初系列
TOS head.png
英文縮寫: TOS
創作人: Gene Roddenberry
製作工作室: Desilu
第一次上映的電視網: NBC
製作時間: 1966–1969
第一次上映時間: 1966年9月8日

1969年6月3日

集數: 79(三季),

1個未播出集

虛擬宇宙中時間跨度: 22652269
USS Enterprise (NCC-1701) at galactic barrier.jpg

聯邦星艦進取號

Star Trek TOS cast.jpg

五年任務中的船員們

TOS Season 3 Head.jpg
Space: the final frontier. These are the voyages of the starship Enterprise. Its five-year mission: to explore strange new worlds, to seek out new life and new civilizations, to boldly go where no man has gone before.
(宇宙,最後的邊疆。這是星艦進取號的旅程。它的五年任務:是探索陌生的新世界,是尋找新的生命與文明,是勇敢地駛向前人未至的領域)
——詹姆斯·柯克上校

星際迷航:原初系列》(Star Trek:The Original Series,正式名稱只有“星際迷航”,即"Star Trek")是《星際迷航》系列作品的第一部電視劇。公映的第一集1966年9月8日NBC上播出。這部電視劇由吉恩·羅登貝瑞創作,他起初的創意是要做一部“星際間的《篷車隊》(Wagon Train)”。《星際迷航》的故事被設定在23世紀星艦進取號”上。《星際迷航》後來被稱作“原初系列”,或者簡稱為TOS;它因此得以與後來幾部電視劇區開來。它在拍攝三季後於1969年被砍掉了。當這個系列在電視上播映的時候,它的關注度很低;但當它被叫停並賣給辛迪加之後,它卻突然流行了起來——這或許是因為它的主題所展現的烏托邦式社會和種族平等。

十年之後,《星際迷航:電影版》重新召集了原來的劇組,翻新了進取號,並登上了大銀幕。這班人馬後來一共在六部電影中出演,最後一部是1991年的《星際迷航:未來之城》。這段時間裡也同時也有一部電視劇《星際迷航:下一代》,這是在吉恩去世前的最後時光拍攝的。該劇集中人物的故事在2009年的一部同名電影中被再度重新演繹。

主要演員編輯

主演編輯

Jeffrey Hunter飾演了派克,他的名字被列在試播集的主演名單中

其他主演編輯

此外,下面這些演員在片尾字幕中列入“共同出演”:

劇組編輯

劇集列表編輯

第一試播集編輯

Title Episode Prodno. Stardate Original Airdate Remastered Airdate
The Cage 0x01 6149-01 Unknown 1988-10-04 2009-05-02

第一季編輯

原初系列第一季,29集:

Title Episode Prodno. Stardate Original Airdate Remastered Airdate
Where No Man Has Gone Before 1x01 6149-02 1312.4 - 1313.8 1966-09-22 2007-01-20
The Corbomite Maneuver 1x02 6149-03 1512.2 - 1514.1 1966-11-10 2006-12-09
Mudd's Women 1x03 6149-04 1329.8 - 1330.1 1966-10-13 2008-04-26
The Enemy Within 1x04 6149-05 1672.1 - 1673.1 1966-10-06 2008-01-26
The Man Trap 1x05 6149-06 1513.1 - 1513.8 1966-09-08 2007-09-29
The Naked Time 1x06 6149-07 1704.2 - 1704.4 1966-09-29 2006-09-30
Charlie X 1x07 6149-08 1533.6 - 1535.8 1966-09-15 2007-07-14
Balance of Terror 1x08 6149-09 1709.2 - 1709.6 1966-12-13 2006-09-16
What Are Little Girls Made Of? 1x09 6149-10 2712.4 1966-10-20 2007-10-06
Dagger of the Mind 1x10 6149-11 2715.1 - 2715.2 1966-11-03 2007-10-13
Miri 1x11 6149-12 2713.5 - 2713.3 1966-10-27 2006-09-16
The Conscience of the King 1x12 6149-13 2817.6 - 2819.8 1966-12-08 2007-09-22
The Galileo Seven 1x13 6149-14 2821.5 - 2823.8 1967-01-05 2007-09-15
Court Martial 1x14 6149-15 2947.3 - 2950.1 1967-02-02 2008-05-10
The Menagerie, Part I 1x15 6149-16A 3012.4 - 3012.6 1966-11-17 2006-11-25
The Menagerie, Part II 1x16 6149-16B 3013.1 - 3013.2 1966-11-24 2006-12-02
Shore Leave 1x17 6149-17 3025.3 - 3025.8 1966-12-29 2007-05-26
The Squire of Gothos 1x18 6149-18 2124.5 - 2126.3 1967-01-12 2007-07-21
Arena 1x19 6149-19 3045.6 - 3046.2 1967-01-19 2006-10-21
The Alternative Factor 1x20 6149-20 3087.6 - 3088.7 1967-03-30 2007-12-01
Tomorrow is Yesterday 1x21 6149-21 3113.2 - 3114.1 1967-01-26 2007-05-05
The Return of the Archons 1x22 6149-22 3156.2 - 3158.7 1967-02-09 2007-12-08
A Taste of Armageddon 1x23 6149-23 3192.1 - 3193.0 1967-02-23 2007-12-15
Space Seed 1x24 6149-24 3141.9 - 3143.3 1967-02-16 2006-11-18
This Side of Paradise 1x25 6149-25 3417.3 - 3417.7 1967-03-02 2007-07-28
The Devil in the Dark 1x26 6149-26 3196.1 1967-03-09 2006-09-23
Errand of Mercy 1x27 6149-27 3198.4 - 3201.7 1967-03-23 2007-05-12
The City on the Edge of Forever 1x28 6149-28 Unknown 1967-04-06 2006-10-07
Operation -- Annihilate! 1x29 6149-29 3287.2 - 3289.8 1967-04-13 2008-02-23

第二季編輯

原初系列第二季,26集:

Title Episode Prodno. Stardate Original Airdate Remastered Airdate
Catspaw 2x01 60330 3018.2 1967-10-27 2006-10-28
Metamorphosis 2x02 60331 3219.8 - 3220.3 1967-11-10 2007-11-03
Friday's Child 2x03 60332 3497.2 - 3499.1 1967-12-01 2007-01-06
Who Mourns for Adonais? 2x04 60333 3468.1 1967-09-22 2008-01-12
Amok Time 2x05 60334 3372.7 1967-09-15 2007-02-17
The Doomsday Machine 2x06 60335 4202.9 1967-10-20 2007-02-10
Wolf in the Fold 2x07 60336 3614.9 - 3615.4 1967-12-22 2007-03-10
The Changeling 2x08 60337 3541.9 1967-09-29 2008-02-02
The Apple 2x09 60338 3715.0 - 3715.6 1967-10-13 2008-03-01
Mirror, Mirror 2x10 60339 Unknown 1967-10-06 2006-11-11
The Deadly Years 2x11 60340 3478.2 - 3479.4 1967-12-08 2007-11-10
I, Mudd 2x12 60341 4513.3 1967-11-03 2006-10-14
The Trouble with Tribbles 2x13 60342 4523.3 - 4525.6 1967-12-29 2006-11-04
Bread and Circuses 2x14 60343 4040.7 - 4041.7 1968-03-15 2007-06-02
Journey to Babel 2x15 60344 3842.3 - 3843.4 1967-11-17 2007-02-03
A Private Little War 2x16 60345 4211.4 - 4211.8 1968-02-02 2008-05-17
The Gamesters of Triskelion 2x17 60346 3211.7 - 3259.2 1968-01-05 2007-10-20
Obsession 2x18 60347 3619.2 - 3620.7 1967-12-15 2008-04-12
The Immunity Syndrome 2x19 60348 4307.1 - 4309.4 1968-01-19 2007-04-07
A Piece of the Action 2x20 60349 Unknown 1968-01-12 2007-04-28
By Any Other Name 2x21 60350 4657.5 - 4658.9 1968-02-23 2008-03-08
Return to Tomorrow 2x22 60351 4768.3 - 4770.3 1968-02-09 2007-07-07
Patterns of Force 2x23 60352 Unknown 1968-02-16 2007-05-19
The Ultimate Computer 2x24 60353 4729.4 - 4731.3 1968-03-08 2008-02-09
The Omega Glory 2x25 60354 Unknown 1968-03-01 2007-06-30
Assignment: Earth 2x26 60355 Unknown 1968-03-29 2008-05-03

第三季編輯

原初系列第三季,24集:

Title Episode Prodno. Stardate Original Airdate Remastered Airdate
Spectre of the Gun 3x01 60043-56 4385.3 1968-10-25 2008-07-19
Elaan of Troyius 3x02 60043-57 4372.5 1968-12-20 2008-03-29
The Paradise Syndrome 3x03 60043-58 4842.6 - 4843.6 1968-10-04 2007-02-24
The Enterprise Incident 3x04 60043-59 5027.3 - 5027.4 1968-09-27 2008-04-05
And the Children Shall Lead 3x05 60043-60 5029.5 1968-10-11 2007-04-14
Spock's Brain 3x06 60043-61 5431.4 - 5432.3 1968-09-20 2007-06-09
Is There in Truth No Beauty? 3x07 60043-62 5630.7 - 5630.8 1968-10-18 2008-03-22
The Empath 3x08 60043-63 5121.5 1968-12-06 2008-07-26
The Tholian Web 3x09 60043-64 5693.2 1968-11-15 2007-03-31
For the World is Hollow and I Have Touched the Sky 3x10 60043-65 5476.3 - 5476.4 1968-11-08 2007-01-27
Day of the Dove 3x11 60043-66 Unknown 1968-11-01 2008-01-05
Plato's Stepchildren 3x12 60043-67 5784.2 - 5784.3 1968-11-22 2007-06-16
Wink of an Eye 3x13 60043-68 5710.5 - 5710.9 1968-11-29 2007-01-13
That Which Survives 3x14 60043-69 Unknown 1969-01-24 2008-03-15
Let That Be Your Last Battlefield 3x15 60043-70 5730.2 - 5730.7 1969-01-10 2008-01-19
Whom Gods Destroy 3x16 60043-71 5718.3 1969-01-03 2008-05-24
The Mark of Gideon 3x17 60043-72 5423.4 - 5423.8 1969-01-17 2008-05-31
The Lights of Zetar 3x18 60043-73 5725.3 - 5725.6 1969-01-31 2008-06-07
The Cloud Minders 3x19 60043-74 5818.4 - 5819.3 1969-02-28 2008-07-12
The Way to Eden 3x20 60043-75 5832.3 - 5832.6 1969-02-21 2008-06-14
Requiem for Methuselah 3x21 60043-76 5843.7 - 5843.8 1969-02-14 2008-06-21
The Savage Curtain 3x22 60043-77 5906.4 - 5906.5 1969-03-07 2008-06-28
All Our Yesterdays 3x23 60043-78 5943.7 - 5943.9 1969-03-14 2007-04-21
Turnabout Intruder 3x24 60043-79 5928.5 - 5930.3 1969-06-03 2008-08-02

幕後編輯

早期創作編輯

《星際迷航》系列作品是Gene Roddenberry創立的。他對科幻小說的興趣最早始於19世紀40年代他與《Astounding Stories》雜誌接觸的時候。Roddenberry發表的第一部科幻作品是《The Secret Weapon of 117》,這部作品在1956年於Chevron Theatre演出。1963年年時,Roddenberry在製作他的第一部電視劇《The Lieutenant》;這部作品在米高梅(MGM)播出。

在1963年,MGM認為忠於現實的電視節目不再那麼流行了,並且認為應該拍攝更多的動作片(這個想法被歷史證明是完全正確的,並且導致了例如《The Man from U.N.C.L.E》等電視節目的出現)。而吉恩從1960年就已經開始構思《星際迷航》的拍攝了。當他向MGM透露這一計劃時,MGM表示期待看到他的作品。在《The Lieutenant》拍攝結束後,吉恩被安排拍攝《星際迷航》。然而製片方對此並不感興趣,因此這個計劃很快就咕了。

吉恩嘗試售賣他對《星際迷航》的宣傳信息,但根本就沒人買。但在1964年,Desilu——一家比MGM小得多的公司表示很想收購一部電視系列,吉恩抓住了這次機遇,並在1964年4月達成了為期三年的合作協議。

購買到劇本後,Desilu開始了同CBS的接觸,希望能夠將《星際迷航》搬上電視熒幕,但CBS最終選擇了另一部同題材電視劇——《迷失太空》(Lost in Space)。但在1964年5月,CBS表示願意給吉恩一個機會來寫三部劇本,他們將選擇其中的一部播出。

1964年7月29日,劇本《囚籠》(The Cage)被CBS選中。吉恩立刻招募了一群人來幫他完善劇本,其中包括科學顧問Harvey P. Lynn、藝術總監Pato Guzman和設計助理Matt Jefferies。兩個月後,《囚籠》的最終稿被上交給了NBC。

The first pilot編輯

在10月上旬,《囚籠》開拍的準備工作開始了。 吉恩改動了劇組的一些成員: 他僱用和他一起拍過《The Lieutenant》的Morris Chapnick作為他的助理,而Pato Guzman被Franz Bachelin代替。 Matt Jefferies設計了進取號的外型、內飾和道具。在1964年11月之前, 拍攝場地的建築在Culver 舞台14、15和16布置好了。但吉恩對舞台並不感到滿意,因為它們的台階不平,牆壁也不隔音。不過後來在1966年,拍攝的場地搬到了派拉蒙舞台9和10,那裡的拍攝條件更好。

招募演員卻並不是什麼難事。《囚籠》的主角派克艦長(本來依然叫作羅伯特·埃普麗爾,後來把名字改成了“Winter”,最後才改成派克)由Jeffrey Hunter出演,Leonard Nimoy (Spock) had worked with Roddenberry on The Lieutenant. Majel Barrett, also a familiar face from The Lieutenant got the part of the ship's female first officer, Number One. Veteran character actor John Hoyt, who worked on many science fiction and fantasy projects before, was chosen to play the role of Doctor Phillip Boyce. Young Peter Duryea and Laurel Goodwin were hired as José Tyler and Yeoman J.M. Colt respectively. The extras were cast from a diversity of ethnic groups, which was significant because integration was not a usual occurrence in 1960s television, and segregation was still a reality in the United States.

To produce the pilot episode, Robert Justman was hired as assistant director; he had worked on The Outer Limits shortly before. Makeup artist Fred Phillips was brought in as well, whose first job it was to create Spock's ears. Another veteran from The Outer Limits was producer-director Byron Haskin, who joined as associate producer. On 1964年November月27日, the first scenes of "The Cage" (or "The Menagerie," as it was briefly known), were shot. Filming was scheduled to be eleven days, however the production went highly overbudget and overschedule, resulting in sixteen shooting days and $164,248 plus expenses.

But there were still a lot of visual effects to be made. An eleven-foot filming model of the 聯邦星艦Enterprise, designed by Matt Jefferies, was built by Richard Datin, Mel Keys and Vernon Sion in Volmer Jensen's model shop, and was delivered to the Howard Anderson Company on 1964年December月29日.

In 1965年February月, the final version of "The Cage" was delivered at NBC and screened in New York City. NBC officials liked the first pilot. Desilu's Herb Solow says that NBC was surprised by how realistic it looked, and that it was "the most fantastic thing we've ever seen." The reason the pilot was rejected was because it was believed that it would attract only a small audience, and they wanted more action and adventure. They also had problems with the "satanic" Spock and the female first officer (Number One) played by Majel Barrett. However, NBC was convinced that Star Trek could be made into a television series, and that NBC itself had been at fault for choosing the "The Cage" script from the original three stories pitched. Also, after spending $630,000 on "The Cage" (the most expensive TV pilot at the time) they didn't want to have their money wasted. NBC then made the unprecedented move to order a second pilot.

The second pilot編輯

For the second pilot, NBC requested three story outlines again. These were 《Where No Man Has Gone Before》 by Samuel A. Peeples, 《Mudd's Women》 and 《The Omega Glory》 by Roddenberry. Although it was the most expensive of the three, NBC chose 《Where No Man Has Gone Before》, as it had the most action and most outer space spectacle. However, the other two premises were also made into episodes of the series later.

Filming the second pilot began in 1965年July月, and took nine days to complete. The entire cast of 《The Cage》 was replaced except Spock. Jeffrey Hunter chose not to reprise his role as Captain Pike, mostly by the advice of his wife, who felt that "science fiction ruins her husband's career". Roddenberry wanted both Lloyd Bridges and Jack Lord for the role of the new captain, however both declined. Finally William Shatner was chosen, who had science fiction experience before, acting in episodes of The Twilight Zone and The Outer Limits. The new captain was named James R. Kirk (later renamed James T. Kirk).

For the role of the chief medical officer, Roddenberry chose veteran actor Paul Fix. Canadian actor James Doohan got the role of chief engineer Scott, and young Japanese-American George Takei was featured as ship's physicist Sulu. The latter two reprised their roles in the upcoming series. Other actors considered for being regulars were Lloyd Haynes as communications officer Alden and Andrea Dromm as Yeoman Smith, but neither of them were re-hired after the pilot.

Many of the production staff were replaced. Robert Dawn served as head make-up artist, however Fred Phillips returned to the position in the series itself. Academy Award winner cinematographer Ernest Haller came out of semi-retirement to work as the director of photography. Associate producer Byron Haskin was replaced by Robert Justman who now shared double duties as producer and assistant director.

The Enterprise model was updated for the second pilot, and many new outer space effects shots were made, which were mostly reused in the series itself. The sets were also updated a bit, most notably the main bridge and the transporter room. Uniforms, props and sets were mostly reused from 《The Cage》, however some new props (including the never-seen-again phaser rifle) and a brand new matte painting (planet Delta Vega) were made specially for this episode.

Where No Man Has Gone Before》 was accepted by NBC and the first season of a regular series was ordered for broadcasting in the 1966-67 television season. History was made.

The series begins編輯

Preparation for the first regular season began in early 1966年. All the Enterprise interior sets were updated, as well as the introduction of brand new uniforms. The look of the show became more colorful and more vivid. The Enterprise model was also updated once more. Also, the entire production was moved from Desilu's Culver City studios to the main Gower Street studio's Stage 9 and 10 (Paramount Stage 31 and 32 from 1967 onwards) in Hollywood.

Kirk (Shatner) and Spock (Nimoy) were kept as the series stars, with Grace Lee Whitney joining the two as Yeoman Janice Rand (replacing Andrea Dromm (Yeoman Smith)). Whitney worked with Roddenberry a year before on an unsold pilot titled Police Story. Publicity photos, promoting the new series were made at this time, with the three of them, mostly using props left from the two pilots (most notably the aforementioned phaser rifle). Shatner and Nimoy wore their new uniforms on these photographs, while Whitney had to wear an old, pilot version.

Scott (Doohan) and Sulu (Takei) were also kept, the latter becoming the ship's helmsman instead of physicist. Two additions made the Enterprise main crew complete: DeForest Kelley was hired to play the new chief medical officer, Leonard McCoy, as Roddenberry had known him from previous projects, including the aforementioned Police Story. Actress Nichelle Nichols got the role of communications officer Uhura, who became a symbol of the racial and gender diversity of the show. Nichols was a last minute addition, weeks before filming began on the first regular episode.

Jerry Finnerman became the new director of photography, while Fred Phillips, Matt Jefferies and Rolland M. Brooks returned to their former positions. Writer John D.F. Black was brought in as the second associate producer (next to Justman). While Roddenberry and Black handled the script and story issues, Justman was in charge of the physical aspects of production.

Filming of the first regular episode, 《The Corbomite Maneuver》 began on 1966年May月24日. Finally Star Trek debuted on NBC with a "Sneak Preview" episode at 8:30PM (EST) on 1966年September月8日. NBC chose 《The Man Trap》 (the fifth episode in production order) to air first, mainly because they felt it was more of a "traditional monster story" and featured more action.

The first season編輯

In 1966年August月 several changes were made in the Star Trek production staff. Roddenberry stepped down as line producer and became the executive producer. His replacement was Gene L. Coon, who also regularly contributed to the series as a writer. While Black had also left the series, story editor Steven W. Carabatsos came in, who now shared story duties with Roddenberry and Coon. To handle post-production, Edward K. Milkis was brought in by Justman. Carabatsos had left Star Trek near the end of the season, and was replaced by D.C. Fontana, formerly Roddenberry's secretary and a writer for the series.

Background編輯

  • Gene Roddenberry wrote lyrics for the "Theme from Star Trek" in order to secure a partial writer's credit for the song. These lyrics were never recorded as part of the original theme song, and thus were never aired.
  • Due to the overall length of the episodes of the original series, several minutes of each episode are usually cut during the show's re-runs, notably on the Sci-Fi Channel. Starting in April 2006, the G4 network began airing the full length episodes in "Uncut Marathons" on Saturdays. G4 stopped airing these full-length versions in November 2006, and has discontinued its run of Star Trek 2.0, which was a trivia-oriented and interactive version of the show for the viewers. For current airings see Where to watch.
  • Star Trek inadvertently created a split infinitive in its opening tagline: "To boldly go where no man/one has gone before." This fact was memorably highlighted by Cambridge-educated sci-fi writer and satirist Douglas Adams who wrote in his Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy that, "all dared to brave unknown terrors, to do mighty deeds, to boldly split infinitives that no man had split before, and thus was the Empire forged." The pilot episode of Star Trek: Enterprise, 《Broken Bow》, has Zefram Cochrane delivering that phrase without the split infinitive as "to go boldly." The English rule forbidding split infinitives appeared in the mid-19th century; however, modern reference books do not include this rule, and the "to boldly go" from Star Trek is a prime example of where a split infinitive is perfectly acceptable.
  • The Original Series has been nominated for and won a number of awards over the years. Some of the awards include:
    • The series was nominated for thirteen Emmy Awards during its run, but did not win any.
    • It was nominated eight times for the "Best Dramatic Presentation" Hugo Award, sweeping the nominees in 1968. It won twice, and Roddenberry won a special award in 1968.
    • The 2003 "Pop Culture Award" in the TV Land Awards.
    • The 2005 Saturn Award for "Best DVD Retro Television Release."

Remastered編輯

See the main article.

On 2006年August月31日, CBS Paramount Television announced that, in celebration of the 40th anniversary of Star Trek, the show would return to broadcast syndication for the first time in sixteen years. The series' 79 episodes were digitally remastered with all new visual effects and music. The refurbished episodes have been converted from the original film to a high-definition format similar to that used on Star Trek: Enterprise.


Related topics編輯

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External links編輯

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